Museum Frankfurt


Scaphognathus crassirostris

Suborder: Rhamphorhynchoidae
Family:   Rhamphorhynchidae
Diet: fish
Wingspan:   approx. 1 metre
Age: 150 million years (Upper Jurassic)
Fossil site: Solnhofen (Bavaria)
at Senckenberg: cast

The skull was slightly shorter than Rhamphorynchus. Moreover, Scaphognathus’ set of teeth grew straight out from the jaw and were not inclined forward as in Rhamphorynchus.
An examination of the skull shows that Scaphognathus (like most Pterosaurs), had a relatively large
brain. In its development, its brain was more similar to the brains of birds rather than to those of other dinosaurs. The area for visual sensibility was very strongly developed, while the area for the sense of smell hardly played a role. The cerebellum was relatively large, which indicates a good coordination of movements. The studies confirm the hypothesis that small Pterosaurs were capable of flutter flight.


back to

next is