Senckenberg Research

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Information System for Taxonomy, Literature and Ecology
 
     
lumbricidae enchytraeidae Anatonchus_tridentatus oppiella nova neojordensia_levis collembola Chilopoda_Cryptops parisi ommatoiulus sabulosus (L.,1758) Trachelipus_ratzeburgi
                 
                 
– Selection lists –
     
One of the goals of edaphobase is to create standards for recording soil-organism-data. This includes a standard vocabulary. In the respective information field, the following selection lists are therefore provided for data input. They can be supplemented as needed. As a consequence, data becomes comparable and analysable, in contrast to free text input, which can be neither compared nor analysed further.

In addition to special content for biology and soil parameters, there are also entries for geography and literature management. Where possible, already existing and established standards or quasi-standards are used. However, in most cases, lists have been created as necessitated by the specific organisms, experience of soil zoologists or their use in data sources. The entries are either simple lists or hierarchical as required; and they can consist of several attributes (e.g., abbreviations, names or definitions).
     
     
Biology
     
     
Name  
Stage see data list
Activity see data list
Feeding type see data list
Reproduction type see data list
Gender see data list
Life form see data list
Dominance class According to Engelmann (1978)
     
     
Soil
     
     
Name  
Soil texture According to the German "Bodenkundlicher Kartieranleitung" (5th ed., 2005)
Soil type According to the German "Bodenkundlicher Kartieranleitung" (5th ed., 2005)
Humus form According to the German "Bodenkundlicher Kartieranleitung" (5th ed., 2005)
Soil horizon Selection according the German "Bodenkundlicher Kartieranleitung" (5th ed., 2005)
     
     
Methods
     
     
Name  
Sampling / observation method see data list
Extraction method see data list
List of methods regarding pH measurement see data list
Sampling standardization see data list
     
     
Collection
     
     
Name  
Type form see data list
Preparation type see data list
Conservation / embedding agent see data list
Acquisition type see data list
     
     
Sources
     
     
Name  
Source type see data list
„Author“ role see data list
Person type see data list
     
     
Systematics
     
     
Name  
Taxon level see data list
Synonym type see data list
     
     
Determination
     
     
Name  
Determination type see data list
Determination reliability see data list
     
     
Geography
     
     
Bezeichnung  
Microhabitat see data list
Habitat type According to the German Ferderal Agency for Nature Conservation (Riecken et al. (2006))
Region habitat type Habitat type lists of the German federal states (other lists also possible, e.g., those of the EU or its members)
(Anthropogenic) influence see data list
Political region According to ISO 3166 (ISO 3166 + first level of ISO 3166-2 for all European countries, Brazil and Mexico)
Natural region According to the German Ferderal Agency for Nature Conservation (Meynen & Schmithüsen (1953-1962))
Topographic map Section of the topographical maps: TK 25-TK 200 according to the BKG Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (2011) (www.geodatenzentrum.de); TK 5 und TK 10: compilation Edaphobase
Language According to ISO 639 (Entries from ISO 639-1 given in the format of ISO 639-2 for flexiblity)
Cardinal direction 16 point division (z.B: SSO = South South East)
     
Biology
     
Stage
Active stage
  Simplex
Dormant stage
  - Cyst
  Anhydrobiotic stage
All stages
    back
     
Activity
not differentiated
adult
subadult
intercalary
juvenile
  larva
  nymph
  protonymph
  deutonymph
  tritonymph
- egg
- pupa
- exuvia
    back
     
Feeding type
+ herbivore (Plant feeding)
  - Sedentary parasites
  - Migratory endoparasites
  - Semi-endoparasites
  - Ectoparasites
  - radicivore (Epidermal cell and root hair feeders)
  - algivore + bryophag (Algal and moss feeders)
  - herbivore (Feeders on above-ground plant tissue)
- mycovore / fungivore (Fungal feeding)
- fungi- / radicivore (Fungal root hair feeding)
- bakterivore (Bacterial feeding)
- saprophagous (Substrat ingestion)
+ carnivore (Animal predators)
  - Ingesters
  - Piercers
- protozoo- / algivore (Unicellular eucaryote feeding)
- Dispersal or infective stages of animal parasites
- omnivore (omnivorous)
    back
     
Reproduction type
- bisexual (Amphimixis)
- bisexual (Autofecundation)
- unisexual (Parthenogenese)
- asexual (Fragmentation)
    back
     
Gender
- not identified
- hermaphrodite
- male
- female
    back
     
Life form
+ preferred location (Soil horizon, other)
  - epedaphic (epigeic, Litter dwellers)
  - hemiedaphic
  - euedaphic (endogeic, Mineral soil dweller)
  - Compost coloniser
  + epibiotic
    - epiphytic
    - arboricol (for mites: Bark dweller; in general is 'arboricol' 'arboreal')
    - epizoic
    - fungicol (Fungal colonizer)
  - epilithic
+ preferred altitudinal belt
  - planar
  - colline
  - montane
+ other
  - eurytopic
  - synanthropic
  - parasitic
  - phoretic
  - thermophilic
  - hygrophilic
    back
     
Methods
     
Sampling / observation method
+ substrate sampling in the field (extraction in the lab)
  - soil corer
+ direct sampling (extraction in situ)
  - hand sampling with forceps, brush etc.
  + sifting methods
    - Winkler-Wagner eclector
  + extraction with formalin or mustard
    - formalin/mustard extraction with sample frame
    - formalin/mustard extraction without sample frame
  + exhaustor
    - portable suction device
  - canopy fogging
  - sweep net
  + knocking
    - Arlé method (Hüther 1993)
  - light-trapping
  + electrical extraction
      - octet extraction after Thielemann (1986)
+ trapping
  - pan trap
  + pitfall trap
      - combined pitfall-emergence trap
  - catching tray
  + litter bag
      - Eisenbeis minicontainer
  - sticky trap
  - malaise trap
  - coloured pan trap
  - flight interception trap
  + emergence trap
      - tree eclector
      - soil eclector
    - photoeclector
  - time-sorting traps
  - directional trap
+ Visual
  - Photo
- Mixed sampling (combination of several sampling techniques)
    back
     
Extraction method
+ Extraction
  - Baermann funnel
  - Baermann funnel, modified
  - two-flasks technique
  - Cobb's flotation technique
  - Fenwick apparatus
  - cottonwool filter method
  - Oostenbrink elutriator
  - Cobb's sieving technique
  - Seinhorst elutriator
  - funnel-spray method
  - Berlese funnel
  - Berlese Tullgren funnel
  - Bachelier's flotation technique
  - Ladell's flotation technique
  - hand sorting
  - Uhlig's low temperature filtering technique
  - Kempson extractor
  - High-Gradient-Extractor
  - High-Gradient-Extractor, modified
  - Morriss' wet analysis technique
  - O'Connor wet funnel
  - Graefe wet funnel
  - Nielsen's technique of sratified sands
  - dry sieving
  - dry funnel
  - Tullgren funnel
  - vibrating flotation
  - centrifugation technique
  - two phase partitioning technique
  - direct microscopy of soil
  - Winkler/Moczarski eclector
  - gauze sac method
  - other extraction method
    back
     
List of methods regarding pH measurement
+ measured in CaCl2
  - measured in 0,01 mol/l CaCl2
- measured in distilled water
+ measured in KCl
  - measured in 1 mol/l KCl
- measured with glass electrode
- indicator paper or solution
- other method
    back
     
Sampling standardization
- ISO 23611-1, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 1: Handsorting and formalin extraction of earthworms
- ISO 23611-2, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 2: Sampling and extraction of microarthropods
(Collembola and Acarina)
- ISO 23611-3, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 3: Sampling and soil extraction of enchytraeids
- ISO 23611-4, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 4: Sampling, extraction and identification of soil-
inhabiting nematodes
- ISO 23611-5, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 5: Sampling and extraction of soil macro-invertebrates
- ISO 23611-6, Soil quality — Sampling of soil invertebrates — Part 6: Guidance for the design of sampling programmes
with soil invertebrates
    back
     
Collection
     
Type form
+ Type
  - Holotype
  - Paratype
  - Syntype
  - Lectotype
  - Neotype
  - Androtype
  - Gynotype
  - Nidotype
  - Paralectotype
    back
     
Preparation type
- permanent slide/micro preparation
- dry prepatation
- liquid preparation
- cryo preparation
    back
     
Conservation/ embedding agent
+ preserving agent
  + alcohol
    - ethanol, absolute
    - ethanol, denatured
    - ethylene glycol
    - glycerol
    - isopropanol
  - formol
  - trinitrophenol (picric acid)
  + fixing agent
    - Bouin (formol, acetic acid, picric acid)
    - formolised ethanol
    - gylcerolised ethanol
    - Gisin (1958) (ethanol, diethyl ether, acitic acid, formol)
    - Hüther (1952) (ethanol, diethyl ether, formol)
    - Oudemans (ethanol, acetic acid, glycerol)
    - von Törne (1965) (isopropanol, acetic acid, formol)
  + low temperature
    - 8 ... 4°C
    - 4 ... 0°C
    - 0 ... -20°C
    - -20 ... -80°C
    - < -80°C
  - other, individual mixtures
+ nidation agents
  + non water-soluble resin
    + natural non water-soluble resin
    - Canada balsam
    - Euparal
    + synthetic non water-soluble resin
    - Malinol
  + water-soluble medium
    - chloralhydrate mixture
    - glycerol jelly
    - lactophenol mixture
    back
     
Acquisition type
- purchase
- bequest
- gift
- change
    back
     
Sources
     
Source type
Journal
  - Article
  - Book series
  - Book, whole
  - Book, chapter
  - Conference Proceedings
  - Doctoral thesis
  - Master's thesis
  - Bachelor's thesis
  - Diploma thesis
  - Project thesis/Semester thesis/Term paper
  - Report
  - Professorial dissertation
  - Other
+ Collection
  - Collection
  - preserved specimen
  - fossil specimen
+ Unpublished work
  - Sample
  - Diary
  - Raw data/Field observation
+ Multisource
  - Multisource
  - Collection container
  - bibliography
  - Personal group
    back
     
„Author“ role
+ Of literature
  - Author
  - Corresponding author
  - Editor
+ Of Collections
  - Owner
  - Curator
  - Assistence
+ For all
  - Project
+ Of samples
  - Sampling
  - Transfer
  - Responsible for sampling
    back
     
Person type
- natural person
- pseudonym
- institution
- project
    back
     
Systematics
     
Taxon level
- Phylum
- Subphylum
- Superclass
- Class
- Subclass
- Superorder
- Order
- Suborder
- Supercohort
- Cohort
- Subcohort
- Superfamily
- Family
- Subfamily
- Tribe
- Genus
- Subgenus
- Species
- Subspecies
- Variety
- Form
    back
     
Synonym type
- consists of
- is included in
- is synonym to
    back
     
Determination
     
Determination type
- first description
- redescription
- determination
    back
     
Determination reliability
- unknown/ unsure (no information)
- identification literature used is mentioned
- experts for problematic taxa consulted
- specimens deposited
- specimens revisited by experts
    back
     
Geography
     
Microhabitat
+ nest
  + nest - mammal
    - nest - rodentia
    - nest - insectivora
  - nest - bird
  - nest - arthropods (excl. insects)
  + nest - insects
    - nest - insects - hymenoptera (excl. ants)
    - nest - insects - ants
+ epizoic
  - on mammals
  - on arthropods (excl. insects)
  - on insects
+ excrement, dung
  + excrement
    - excrement of herbivora
    - excrement of carnivora
    - excrement of bats
  - dung
+ plant wastes, compost
  - plant wastes - fruits
  - plant wastes - vegetables
  + plant wastes - litter
    + plant wastes - deciduous leaf litter
    - plant wastes - leaf litter - max. one year old
    - plant wastes - leaf litter - decomposing
    - plant wastes - conifer leaf litter
  - compost
  - compost fresh
  - compost old
  + mulch
    - mulch - wood chips
    - mulch - bark
  - hay, straw
+ in the understory
  - fern
  - moss
  - lichen
  - alga
  + spermatophyte
    - spermatophyte - root
    - spermatophyte - stem
    + spermatophyte - leaf
    - spermatophyte - leaf - conifer
    - spermatophyte - leaf - deciduous
    + spermatophyte - bark
    - spermatophyte - on bark
    + spermatophyte - under bark
    - spermatophyte - under bark - conifer
    - spermatophyte - under bark - deciduous
  - fungi
  + on grasses
    - on poaceae
    - on cyperaceae/ juncaceae
+ dead wood
  + stump
    - conifer
    - broadleaf
  + dead tree stem
    - inside dead tree stem
    - under dead tree stem
  - dead branches and twigs
  - stacked wood
  - handled wood
  + dead wood - bark
    - dead wood - on bark
    + dead wood - under bark
    - dead wood - under bark - conifer
    - dead wood - under bark - deciduous
  + inside dead wood (not specified)
    - inside dead wood - conifer
    - inside dead wood - deciduous
+ inside and on water
  + on water - drift line
    - on water - drift line - marine
    - on water - drift line - fresh water
    - on water - drift line - brackish water
  - on water - inside periodically wet sand
  + inside ground water
    - inside ground water - marine
    - inside ground water - fresh water
    - inside ground water - brackish water
+ stones, rocks
  - on stones
  - under stones
  - inside stones
  - on rocks
+ other
  - sweepings
  - carrion
  - scrap metal, waste
  - rushes
  - anthropogenic habitats (aquariums, terrariums, zoos, ...)
    back
     
Anthropogenic influence
- irrigation
- flooding
- rain shield
- fire
+ fertilisation
  - organic fertilisation
  - anorganic fertilisation
- liming
- wood pasture
- waste
+ pesticides/ biocides
  - fungicides
  - herbicides
  - insecticides
  - acaricides
+ immissions
  - exhaust gases from cars
  - exhaust gases from industry
- deforestation
- wind breakage
- soil compaction
- mowing
- soil erosion
    back
     

 

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