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Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt

Conservation Genetics

Carsten Nowak

Dr. Carsten Nowak
Head of Section Conservation Genetics

Tel.: 06051-61954-3122
Fax: 06051-61954-3118

 

Biography Ausbildung/ berufliche Laufbahn Publikationen

 

DOWNLOAD CV

I am fascinated by the great potential of molecular methods to answer urgent questions in the fields of species conservation and population management in a world of rapid environmental change. Nture conservation often suffers from a lack of sound scientific data as a solid base for effecient management of populations or protected areas. Genetics may be used to answer questions which otherwise remain mysterious; such as the origin of populations, inbreeding rates, or the native or introduced status of populations. Moreover, I have a longlasting interest in the effects of rapid, human-caused environmental alterations on the fundamental level of biodiversity, namely genetic variation within and among species.In my research group, we try to provide answers to some questions which are relevant for biodiversity conservation in Central Europe, including the potential loss of genetic diversity by means of climate change and environmental pollution, as well as the detection of rare species with the help of sensitive molecular tools.

Fields of particular interest:

    * Role of genetic diversity for the survival of populations under environmental stress
    * Temporal and spatial fluctuations in the genetic variation of populations
    * Use of sensitive genetic tools for the detection of rare species (endangered and nonindigenous species)
    * Evolutionary ecotoxicology: Including evolutionary concepts and population genetics in ecological risk assessment
    * Genetic patterns of the ongoing resettlement of previously extinct species (e.g. large carnivores) in Central Europe

 

 
Ausbildung/ berufliche Laufbahn
since 10/10 Coordinator of project area C (“Adaptation and Climate”), Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main
since 10/08 Project group leader, Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Frankfurt am Main
since 03/08 Head of Conservation Genetics Section, Department of Limnology & Conservation, Senckenberg Research Institutes and Natural History Museums, Gelnhausen, Germany
03/07 - 02/08 Research associate at the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Notre Dame, USA, working in the groups of Profs David M. Lodge, Jeff Feder, and Jessica J. Hellmann
09/03 - 02/07 PhD student at the Department of Ecology and Evolution, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main. Thesis titled: “Consequences of Environmental Pollution on Genetic Diversity of the midge Chironomus riparius”.
05/03 Diploma degree in Biology (focus on ecology, genetics, and zoology) at the Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main

 

Projektleitung

 

Inferring genetic patterns of ongoing recolonization of Central Europe by elusive, large carnivores using novel SNP marker systems for noninvasive samples. SAW competition of the Leibniz-Gemeinschaft, 830 k€, 2011 - laufend

Development and test of a hairtrap method for the European beaver. Hessian Ministry of Environment and Agriculture, 10 k€, 2011

Inferring dispersal patterns in aquatic insects from Bayesian gene flow analysis and model selection. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), 150 k€, 2009 - laufend

Development of a genetic marker system to identify predators from carcasses of prey, Hessian Ministry of Environment and Agriculture, 15 k€, 2009 – 2010

Development of a genetic marker system for non-invasive assessment of dispersal, relatedness and hybridization in the European beaver. Hessian Ministry of Environment and Agriculture, 25 k€, 2009 - 2010

Adaptation and genetic erosion of the midge Chironomus riparius exposed to pollutants – an Evolutionary Ecotoxicology approach. Portuguese Science Foundation, 225 k€ (Co-writer and scientific collaborator, with PI Dr. Joao Pestana, University of Aveiro). 2011 - laufend

DNA-based population size estimation of wildcats in the Taunus mountains. Hessen-Forst - Forsteinrichtung und Naturschutz (FENA), 10 k€, 2009

Assessing the genetic population structure of montane insects – a global change genetic approach. Hessian Initiative for Excellence in Economy & Science, 35 k€, 2009 - 2010

Assessing the genetic population structure of montane insects – a global change genetic approach. Hessian Initiative for Excellence in Economy & Science, 150 k€, 2008 - 2011

Genetic adaptation potential of aquatic key invertebrates to climate change on different spatial scales. Hessian Initiative for Excellence in Economy & Science, 125 k€, 2008 - 2011

Genetic wildlife analysis service. Diverse sponsors, > 200 k€ (seit 2008 fortlaufend)

Publikationen

 

Müller R, Seeland A, Jagodzinski L, Diogo J, Nowak C, Oehlmann J: Simulated climate change conditions unveil the toxic potential of the fungicide pyrimethanil on the midge Chironomus riparius: a multigenerational experiment. Ecology and Evolution, in press.

Sauer J, Domisch S, Nowak C, Haase P (2011) Low mountain ranges – summit traps for montane freshwater species under climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation DOI: 10.1007/s10531-011-0140-y.

Bálint M, Domisch S, Engelhardt CHM, Haase P, Lehrian S, Sauer J, Theissinger K, Pauls SU, Nowak C (2011) Cryptic biodiversity loss linked to global climate change. Nature Climate Change 1, 313-318 (Title story).

Harms V, Steyer K, Frosch C, Nowak C (2011) Wolfsforschung im Molekularlabor. Natur Forschung Museum 141, 174-181.

Geismar J, Sauer J, Haase P, Nowak C (2011) New microsatellite markers for the assessment of fine-scale dispersal patterns in the endangered montane caddisfly Drusus discolor. Conservation Genetics Resources 3, 605-607.

Frosch C, Dutsov A, Georgiev G, Nowak C (2011) Case report of a fatal bear attack documented by forensic wildlife genetics. Forensic Science International: Genetics 5, 342-344.

Frosch C, Haase P, Nowak C (2011). First set of microsatellite markers for genetic characterization of the Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) based on tissue and hair samples. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57, 679-682.

Vogt C, Hess M, Nowak C, Oehlmann J, Oetken M (2010). Effects of cadmium on life-cycle parameters in a multi-generation study with Chironomus riparius following a pre-exposure of populations to two different tributyltin concentrations for several generations. Ecotoxicology 19, 1174-1182.

Frosch C, Nowak C (2011) Genetische Erfassung des Braunbären in Bulgarien. ZGF Gorilla 2/2011, 16-19.

Ansorge H, Nowak C (2011) Die Rückkehr der Wölfe. Senckenberg forscht für Wolf und Mensch. Natur Forschung Museum 141, 36-37.

Nowak C, Balint M, Pauls S (2010) Auswirkungen der Klimaerwärmung auf die genetische Vielfalt – eine bislang unbekannte Bedrohung? Natur und Museum 140, 252.253.

Nowak C, Nemec S, Vogt C, Pfenninger M (2010) Chironomus als Modellorganismus der Molekularen Ökologie - vom Wert genetischer Vielfalt bis zur Anpassung an Klimastress. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Limnologie (DGL), Erweiterte Zusammenfassungen der Jahrestagung 2009 (Oldenburg) 438-442.

Sauer J, Balint M, Domisch S, Nowak C & Haase P (2010) Modellierung klimabedingter Nischenverschiebung bei montanen aquatischen Insekten - vom Verlust genetischer Vielfalt bis zum Aussterben einer ganzen Gemeinschaft. In: Epple C, Korn H, Kraus K, Stadler J (editors): Biologische Vielfalt und Klimawandel. BfN-Skripten 274, 19-21.

Nowak C, Brown, CM, Hellmann, JJ (2009). Development of 16 microsatellite markers for the hybridizing species Papilio glaucus and Papilio canadensis and their applicability to museum specimen and congeneric species. Molecular Ecology Resources 9, 800-803.

Senapati S, Mahon AR, Gordon J, Nowak C, Powell THQ, Feder J, Lodge DM, Chang HC (2009). Rapid on-chip genetic detection microfluidic platform for real world applications. Biomicrofluidics 3, 022407.

Zakharov EV, Lobo NF, Nowak C, Hellmann, JJ (2009). Introgression as a likely cause of mtDNA paraphyly in two allopatric skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Heredity 102, 590-599.

Nowak C, Steyer K (2009) Eine haarige Spurensuche ‐ Molekulargenetische Untersuchungsmethoden im Dienste des Wildkatzenschutzes. ZGF Gorilla 2/2009, 15‐16.

Nowak C, Sauer J, Haase P (2009) Genetische Haaranalysen zur Erfassung der Wildkatze in Deutschland – Chancen und Grenzen der Lockstockmethode. In: Fremuth, Jedicke, Kaphegyi, Wachendörfer, Weinzierl (Hrsg.) Zukunft der Wildkatze in Deutschland – Ergebnisse des internationalen Wildkatzensymposiums 2008 in Wiesenfelden, Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin.

Nowak C, Vogt C, Oetken M, Pfenninger M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J, Streit B (2009). Genetic erosion in tributyltin exposed experimental Chironomus populations. Environmental Pollution 157, 881-886.

Pfenninger M, Nowak C (2008) What allows sympatric occurrence of cryptic sister species? Reproductive isolation and ecological repartition among Chironomus riparius and C. piger (Insecta, Diptera). PLOS One 6, e2541.

Nowak C, Czeikowitz A, Vogt C, Oetken K, Streit B, Schwenk K (2008) Variation in tolerance to cadmium exposure among genetically characterized laboratory populations of the midge Chironomus riparius (Diptera: Chironomidae). Chemosphere 71, 1950-1956.

Nowak C (2008) Consequences of environmental pollution on genetic diversity in populations of the midge Chironomus riparius. Cuvillier-Verlag, Göttingen, Germany, 101p.

Vogt C, Hess M, Nowak C (2007) Anpassung, Aussterben und genetische Verarmung - Auswirkungen des Pestizids TBT auf die Fitness und genetische Populationsstruktur bei Chironomus riparius. In Horst Korn, Ute Veit (editors): Treffpunkt Biologische Vielfalt 7. BFN-Skripten 207, 191-198.

Barateiro J, Natal-da-Luz T, Sousa JP, Vogt C, Nowak C (2007) Tolerance of genetically characterized Folsomia candida strains to phenmedipham exposure - a comparison between reproduction and avoidance tests. Journal of Soils and Sediments 6, 388-392.

Nowak C, Jost D, Vogt C, Oetken M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J (2007) Effects of inbreeding and reduced genetic variation on tolerance to cadmium stress in the midge Chironomus riparius. Aquatic Toxicology 85, 278-284.

Pfenninger M, Nowak C, Kley C, Steinke D, Streit B (2007) Utility of DNA-taxonomy and barcoding for the inference of larval community structure in morphologically cryptic Chironomus (Diptera) species. Molecular Ecology 16, 1957-1968.

Vogt C, Pupp A, Nowak C, Jagodzinski LS, Baumann J, Jost D, Oetken M, Oehlmann J (2007) Interaction between genetic diversity and temperature stress on life-cycle parameters and genetic variability of Chironomus riparius populations. Climate Research 33, 207-214.

Nowak C, Vogt C, Barateiro J, Schwenk K (2007) Genetic impoverishment in laboratory cultures of the test organism Chironomus riparius. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 26, 118-122.

Vogt C, Nowak C, Barateiro J, Schwenk K, Oetken M, Oehlmann J (2007) Multi-generation studies with Chironomus riparius - Effects of low tributyltin concentrations on life history parameters and genetic diversity. Chemosphere 67, 2192-2200.

Pfenninger M, Nowak C, Magnin F (2007) Intraspecific range dynamics and niche evolution in Candidula land snail species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90, 303-317.

Vogt C, Belz D, Galluba S, Nowak C, Oetken M, Oehlmann J (2007) Effects of cadmium and tributyltin on development and reproduction of the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius (Diptera) - baseline experiments for future multi-generation studies. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A 42, 1-9.

Nowak C, Hankeln T, Schmidt ER, Schwenk K (2006) Development and localization of microsatellite markers for the sibling species Chironomus riparius and Chironomus piger (Diptera: Chironomidae). Molecular Ecology Notes 6, 915-917.

Vogt C, Nowak C, Oetken M, Oehlmann J (2006) Umweltschadstoffe und genetische Variabilität bei aquatischen Wirbellosen - Ergebnisse einer Multigenerationsstudie mit C. riparius. Tagungsbericht 2005 der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Limnologie e.V. (DGL) und der deutschsprachigen Sektion der Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), 487-491.

Nowak C, Pupp A, Vogt C (2006) Reaktion genetisch verarmter Populationen der Zuckmücke Chironomus riparius auf anthropogen verursachten Umweltstress -Konsequenzen für den Artenschutz. In Horst Korn, Ute Veit (editors): Treffpunkt Biologische Vielfalt 6. BfN-Skripten 164, 199-204.

Nowak C, Albrecht C, Kappes H, Renker C (2004) Neue Funde von Heideschnecken (Hellicellinae: Hygromiidae) in Südwest-Deutschland. Flora und Fauna in Rheinland-Pfalz 10, 571-579.

 

Vorträge und Konferenzbeiträge (Auswahl)

 

Nowak C, Harms V: Auf der Spur der Wölfe - genetisches Wildmonitoring in Deutschland. Vortragreihe zur Senckenberg-Sonderausstellung „Wölfe“, Frankfurt am Main 2011 (Vortrag).

Nowak C, Liebrich A, Balint M, Domisch S, Sauer J, Pauls S: Assessing the fate of montane biodiversity in Europe under climate change: a novel approach using species distribution modelling and population genetics . European Conference on Biodiversity and Climate Change - Science, Practice & Policy, Bonn, Germany 2011 (talk).

Nowak C. Stand des genetischen Monitorings bei Wolf und Luchs. Monitoring von Großraubtieren in Deutschland - 3. Arbeitssitzung des Bundesamts für Naturschutz, Bonn, Germany 2011 (talk).

Nowak C. genetische Untersuchungen im Senckenberg Labor für Wildtiergenetik – Sitzung des Forschungsbeirats Nationalpark Kellerwald-Edersee, Bad Wildungen, Germany 2011 (talk).

Nowak C. Die Nilgans – ein seltsamer Neubürger. Kamingespräch des Hessischen Ministeriums für Umwelt, Energie, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz, Hann Münden, Germany 2010 (talk).

Nowak C. Stand des genetischen Monitorings bei Wolf und Luchs. Monitoring von Großraubtieren in Deutschland - 2. Arbeitssitzung des Bundesamts für Naturschutz, Bonn, Germany 2010 (talk).

Nowak C. Harms V, Steyer K, Frosch C, Haase P, Ansorge H: A national reference center for genetic analyses of wolf and lynx in Germany. 84th Annual meeting of the German Society of Mammalogy, Berlin, Germany 2010 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C. Lost between basic science and applied conservation: genetic monitoring of wildcat, wolf, and other endangered wildlife species in Germany. Umweltwissenschaftliches Kolloquium der Universität Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany 2010 (talk).

Nowak C, Nemec S , Feldmayer B, Cordellier M, Streit B, Schwenk K, Pfenninger M: Assessing climate change effects on aquatic invertebrates – a large-scale molecular approach. SETAC Europe 20th annual meeting, Seville, Spain 2010 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Pauls S, Balint M: Effects of global climate change and environmental pollution on genetic diversity of aquatic insects: experimental and modelling approaches. SETAC Europe 20th annual meeting, Seville, Spain 2010 (talk).

Nowak C, Haase P: Von Wasserinsekten und Wildkatzen: Beispiele angewandter und abgewandter Forschung. Dresdener Zoologisches Kolloquium, Dresden, Germany 2010 (talk).

Nowak C. Der Klimawandel in Europa: Gewinner und Verlierer in Tier- und Pflanzenreich. Vortragsreihe: „Hessen, Afrika, Antarktis - Einblicke in die Arbeit des neuen Forschungszentrums BiK-F. Frankfurt am Main, Germany 2010 (talk).

Nowak C. Genetische Analyse von Wildkatzenhaaren – ihre Bedeutung für die Naturschutzpraxis. Vortragsreihe der Zoologischen Gesellschaft Frankfurt (ZGF), Frankfurt am Main, Germany 2009 (talk).

Nowak C, Steyer K. Genetische Analysen zum Nachweis der Wildkatze. Workshop Wildkatze in der Rhön (25.11.2009), Obereisbach/Rhön, Germany 2009 (talk).

Nowak C. Möglichkeiten und Grenzen des genetischen Monitorings bei Wolf und Luchs. Monitoring von Großraubtieren in Deutschland - 1. Arbeitssitzung des Bundesamts für Naturschutz, Bonn, Germany 2009 (talk).

Nowak C, Steyer K. (2009). Genetisches Monitoring mit Lockstock und Baldrian. Abschlusskonferenz "Rettungsnetz Wildkatze" - Länderübergreifender Verbund von Waldlebensräumen in Deutschland. Eisenach, Germany (talk).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Imo M, Pfenninger M: Chironomus als Modellorganismus in der Molekularen Ökologie. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Limnologischen Gesellschaft, Oldenburg, Germany 2009 (talk).

Nowak C, Steyer K, Sauer J, Siemund M, Haase P: Non-invasive genetic monitoring of the Wildcat in Germany. 7th International Conference on Physiology, Genetics, and Behaviour of Wildlife, Berlin, Germany 2009 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Steyer K: Genetisches Monitoring der Wildkatze Felis silvestris - Chancen und Grenzen der Lockstockmethode. Wildkatzengenetik-Workshop des Rettungsnetz Wildkatze, Mitwitz, Germany 2009 (talk).

Nowak C, Büntjen M, Barateiro Diogo J, Steyer K: A short DNA marker for species identification of non-invasive samples from European mammals. 7th International Conference on Physiology, Genetics, and Behaviour of Wildlife, Berlin, Germany 2009 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C: Chemikalienbelastung und Biodiversität - eine populationsgenetische Betrachtungsweise. 13th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Frankfurt am Main, Germany 2008 (talk).

Nowak C, Sauer J, Haase P: Genetisches Monitoring der Wildkatze, Felis silvestris - Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Lockstockmethode. Wildkatzen-Symposium Wiesenfelden, Germany 2008 (talk).

Nowak C, Gordon JE, Senapati S, Feder JL, Chang H-C, Lodge DM: Development of microfluidic chip technology for real-time detection of invasive species within ships' ballast water. Ecological Genomics Symposium, Kansas City, USA 2007 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Baumann J, Vogt C: 'Real-world' relevance of laboratory data - the example of genetic erosion in Chironomus riparius. 12th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Leipzig, Germany 2007 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C: Impact of toxic pollution on diversity of Chironomus midges - a multilevel approach. Seminar at the Institute of Biological Sciences, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, USA 2006 (talk).

Nowak C, Jost D, Czeikowitz A, Vogt C, Oetken M, Schwenk K: Consequences of inbreeding and reduced genetic variation on the susceptibility to cadmium stress in Chironomus riparius. 11th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Landau, Germany 2006 (talk).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Barateiro J, Oetken M, Schwenk K: Tracing genetic variability under pollution stress over multiple generations. 4th International Ecological Genetics Symposium at the University of Antwerp, Belgium 2005 (poster).

Nowak C: Reaktion genetisch verarmter Populationen der Zuckmücke Chironomus riparius auf anthropogen verursachten Umweltstress - Konsequenzen für den Artenschutz. Biodiverstäts-Expertentagung des Bundesamtes für Naturschutz, Internationale Naturschutzakademie Vilm, Germany 2005 (talk).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Oetken M, Pfenninger M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J: Die Rolle genetischer Diversität in der Ökotoxikologie. 10th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Basel, Switzerland 2005 (talk).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Barateiro J, Kley C, Pupp A, Pfenninger M, Oetken M, Streit B, Oehlmann J, Schwenk K: Population genetic markers in ecotoxicology. 15th SETAC Europe annual meeting, Lille, France 2005 (poster).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Barateiro J, Oetken M, Schwenk K: Comparing Apples with Oranges- genetic diversity in Chironomus riparius test cultures does not represent natural variation. 15th SETAC Europe annual meeting, Lille France 2005 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Pupp A, Vogt C, Oetken M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J: Interactions between genetic diversity and temperature stress in Chironomus riparius populations. 15th SETAC Europe annual meeting, Lille, France 2005 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Hess M, Pfenninger M, Oetken M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J: Genetische Verarmung durch Cadmiumstress bei Chironomus riparius. 10th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Basel, Switzerland 2005 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Vogt C, Schwenk K: Loss of genetic diversity in laboratory strains of the test organism C. riparius. 9th SETAC-GLB annual meeting, Aachen Germany 2004 (Posterpräsentation).

Nowak C, Albrecht C, Seidendorf B, Pfenninger M: Phylogeography of Candidula gigaxii. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft, Magdeburg, Germany 2003 (Posterpräsentation).

  

Lehre

Betreuung mehrerer Praktika und Freilandexkursionen im Rahmen des Hauptstudiums im Fach Biologie an der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, der University of Notre Dame, Indiana und bei Senckenberg. Folgende Diplom- und Promotionsvorhaben wurden im Fachgebiet Naturschutzforschung zwischen 2008 und 2011 von mir (ko-)betreut:

·                Marc Büntjen, Universität Marburg, 2008-2009, Diplomarbeit

·                Katharina Steyer, Universität Frankfurt, 2008-2009, Diplomarbeit

·                Stefanie Hartmann, Universität Greifswald, 2011, Diplomarbeit

·                Michael Bauer, Universität Greifswald, 2011, Diplomarbeit

·                Laura Tippel, Universität Mainz, 2010-2011, Diplomarbeit

·                Susanne Carl, Universität Frankfurt, 2011, Diplomarbeit

·                Claudia Herröder, Universität Frankfurt, 2011-2012, Diplomarbeit

·                Miriam Imo, Universität Frankfurt, 2008-2009, Promotion (nicht beend.)

·                Jan Sauer, Universität Frankfurt, 2008- offen, Promotion

·                Anna Liebrich, Universität Frankfurt, 2008- offen, Promotion

·                Sabrina Nemec, Universität Frankfurt, 2009- offen, Promotion

·                Christiane Frosch, Universität Frankfurt, 2009- offen, Promotion

·                Katharina Steyer, Universität Frankfurt, 2009- offen, Promotion

·                Jutta Geismar, Universität Frankfurt, 2009- offen, Promotion

·                Verena Harms, Universität Frankfurt, 2010- offen, Promotion

Auszeichnungen

·                Promotion mit höchster Auszeichnung (summa cum laude) (2007)

·                Procter & Gamble Nachhaltigkeitspreis für Nachwuchswissenschaftler (2008