Senckenberg Research

NECLIME - Neogene Climate Evolution in Eurasia



Neogene Climate Evolution in Eurasia



NECLIME is an open international network of scientists working on the Neogene palaeoclimate evolution in Eurasia and related changes of continental ecosystems. The steadily growing network formed in 1999, is co-ordinated by groups of researchers, and currently has around 100 members in 30 countries. NECLIME holds annual meetings, has working groups and advisers for specific topics thus bringing forward scientific exchange, joint projects, and integration of the results obtained.

More information is available at the NECLIME website (



Research Topics

Combining a palaeogeography relatively close to present and globally warmer conditions, most Neogene time periods anticipate future climate change and thus are suited for case studies in an ideal manner. NECLIME research themes comprise palaeoclimate reconstruction, including atmospheric CO2, and ecosystem analysis using multiple quantitative methods on various proxies (palaeoflora; vertebrates; invertebrates; isotopes; geological proxies). Model studies are employed to study the processes behind. They include ocean, atmosphere and biosphere modelling at global or regional scale. In order to study changing patterns along the cooling in the later Neogene one key aspect is the transition into the ice-house in the earlier Pleistocene.

Consistently with meetings in China (Nanjing) and Bulgaria (Sofia) this year, Eastern Eurasia and Paratethys / Eastern Mediterranean currently are in the focus. For both continental areas climate and ecosystem evolution is studied at different scales, furthermore specific topics are addressed such as lacustrine systems, monsoonal patterns and identification of palaeo-altitude.  Drying of the continental interior of Eurasia and the floristic exchange between Europe and Asia are key topics linking both parts of the continent.



Working groups

NECLIME actually has 6 active working groups organizing regular workshops. As the NECLIME annual meetings the workshops are open to the interested party. Details on working group activities and forthcoming workshops are available at the NECLIME website.

Taxonomy of Neogene palynomorphs
     Coordinators: D. Ivanov, E.Worobiec
Taxonomy of the Neogene macrobotanical record of Eurasia
     Coordinators: B. Erdei, T. Utescher
Digital data on plant distribution 
     Coordinators: A.A. Bruch, T. Utescher
Detailed and high-resolution records
     Coordinators: A.K. Kern, M. Harzhauser
Cimate reconstruction from fossil woods
     Coordinators: J. Sakala, S. Iamandei
Neogene Stratigraphy of the plant bearing horizons in Central and East Asia
     Coordinators: M. Böhme, Li Cheng-Sen, M. Fortelius, V. Mosbrugger, D. Uhl



Forthcoming meetings

Circulars for all forthcoming NECLIME meetings are available for download at the NECLIME website.

 NECLIME meeting Nanjing, China, May 27 - 29, 2012

 Open NECLIME symposia at the IPC XIII/ IOPC IX conference, Tokyo, Japan, August 23 - 30, 2012

  • "Into the Icehouse" - climate and vegetation at the end of the Pliocene (T. Utescher,  A.A. Bruch)
  • Quantifying Cenozoic vegetation - new developments in stadardized aproaches (A.A. Bruch, E. Vassio, J. Eder) 
  • Climatically-forced vegetation changes short-termed (A. Kern, T. Utescher) 
  • Himalaya uplift and climate and vegetation change in East Asia throughout the Cenozoic (Z. Zhe-Kun, A. Momohara)

 NECLIME meeting Sofia, Bulgaria, October 1 – 4, 2012

 NECLIME meeting St. Peterburg, Russia, 2013 (exact dates will be communicated)




Up to now, ca. 250 publications contribute to NECLIME, references are compiled at the website. Furthermore, NECLIME has three special issues:

  • Akgün, F., Bruch, A.A. (eds.), 2012.  Neogene terrestrial environments and climate change in Eurasia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21 (2), 153-334.
  • Utescher, T., Böhme, M., Mosbrugger, V. (eds.), 2011. The Neogene of Eurasia: spatial gradients and temporal trends. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 304 (3-4), 197-378.
  • Bruch, A.A., Uhl, D., Mosbrugger, V. (eds),  2007. Miocene Climate in Europe – patterns and evolution. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 253 (1-2).




NECLIME data are stored in PANGAEA, a data base system for earth and environmental science ( Currently, ca. 270 data sets can be accessed online.




NECLIME general coordination: A.A. Bruch, V. Mosbrugger, T. Utescher