Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt

Paläoanthropologie

Prof. Dr. Timothy Bromage


Ehrenamtlicher Mitarbeiter

 

 Bild Tim Bromage

Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
Sektion Paläoanthropologie
Senckenberganlage 25
60325 Frankfurt
Germany

Hard Tissue Research Unit
Department of Biomaterials & Biomimetics, Rm 817-S
New York University College of Dentistry
345 East 24th Street
New York, NY 10010-4086
USA 

Telefon:  +1 212 998-9597
       Fax:  +1 212 995-4445


NY University
Paleobiomics

 

APPOINTMENTS

 

2010-                     Honorary Professor, La Salle University, Madrid, Spain
2010- Honorary Research Fellow, Senckenberg Research Institute & University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
2004 Professor, Department of Biomaterials & Biomimetics, New York University College of Dentistry
2004- Adjunct Professor, Ph.D. Program in Anthropology, New York University and C.U.N.Y. Graduate School.
1998-04 Professor, Department of Anthropology and the Thomas Hunter Honors Program, Hunter College, CUNY
1998-04 Professor, Ph.D. Programs in each of Anthropology, Biology, and Earth and Environmental Sciences, C.U.N.Y. Graduate School.
1994-98 Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, C.U.N.Y., and Ph.D Program in Anthropology, C.U.N.Y. Graduate School
1989-94 Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, C.U.N.Y., and Ph.D. Program in Anthropology, C.U.N.Y. Graduate School
1986-03 Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Anatomy & Developmental Biology, University College University of London, UK
1987-88  Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Child Dental Health, London Hospital Medical College, University of London, UK
1986-87 NATO Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Anatomy & Developmental Biology, University College London, University of London, UK

                                                                                                                                                                                                

EDUCATION

 

Dates Degree/Certif. 
Conferred

Field of Study
Institution

1980-86 1986/Ph.D. Biological Anthropology
University of Toronto
1978-80 1980/M.A. Biological Anthropology
University of Toronto
1972-1978 1978/B.A.*  Anthropology-Biology-Geology
California State University, Sonoma*
California State University, Fullerton
University of Dundee

 

RESEARCH FOCUS
 
  • Mineralized tissue biology of modern and fossil bone and teeth
  • Comparative bone and skeletal development relevant to chronobiological rhythms, metabolism, and the environment
  •  Human evolution
  • Light and scanning electron microscopy, digital image processing
 
FIELD WORK
 
  • Chiwondo Beds (Malawi) 
    ”Hominid Corridor Research Project” investigation in the Plio-Pleistocene of Northern Malawi
  • Laetoli, Ndolanya Beds and Kakesio, Kakesio Beds (Tanzania)
    ”Hominid Corridor Research Project” investigation in Plio-Pleistocene deposits. 
  • Pygmy Elephant and Hippopotamus deposits (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus)
    Paleontological excavation in Late Pleistocene deposits.

 

SCIENTIFIC PROJECTS (THIRD PARTY FUNDED)
 

Leakey Foundation

2008-2010, Mineralized tissue development and life history of Virunga mountain gorillas
Principal Investigator, S.C. McFarlin, The George Washington University.  Other Co-Principal Investigators M.R. Cranfield, Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project; A.A. Lilly, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International; A. Mudakikwa, Office Rwandais du Tourisme et des Parcs Nationaux; A. Ndacyayisenga, Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, Maison Kandt. 

2005-2006, Circularly Polarized Light Imaging Assessment of Hominin Skeletal Adapation
Portable scanning confocal microscopy of early hominid skeletal materials. 

1990, 1992,1993, Paleontological Survey of Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in Malawi’s Hominid Corridor
Paleontological, archaeological, and sedimentological research on the Chiwondo Beds in the Northern Region, Malawi.  Co-Principal Investigator  Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, then of Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.

1981-1982, Facial Growth and Development of the Early Hominid Face
Scanning electron microscopy of high resolution replicas of early hominid juvenile facial remains for describing bone growth remodeling. 

 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

1995-1996, IRP-95-101, Bone Growth Rate Variability of Lamellar Bone During Microgravity
Quantification of the consequences of microgravity on developing bone.  Co-Principal Investigator I. Smolyar, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. 

 

National Geographic Society        

2008-2009; 8486-08; Dian Fossey Gorilla Skeletal Preservation and Life History
 Recovery and preservation of existing skeletons of mountain gorillas from Rwanda’s Parc National des Volcans, and build local capacity for the curation, long-term preservation and management of mountain gorilla skeletal materials as a resource for research and education in Rwanda.  Co-Principal Investigators M.R. Cranfield, Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project; A.A. Lilly, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International; S.C. McFarlin, The George Washington University; A. Mudakikwa, Office Rwandais du Tourisme et des Parcs Nationaux; A. Ndacyayisenga, Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, Maison Kandt. 

1995- 1996; 5454-95; Pliocene Biogeography of Lake Manyara, Tanzania
Paleontological, archaeological, and sedimentological research on the Lake Manyara Beds in the area of Makuyuni Village in Northern Tanzania.  Co-Principal Investigator  Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, then of Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.

1987-1988; 3665-87; Paleontological Survey of Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in Malawi’s Hominid Corridor
Paleontological, archaeological, and sedimentological research on the Chiwondo Beds in the Northern Region, Malawi.  Co-Principal Investigator  Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, then of Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.

1984-1985; 2941-84; Field Field Survey of Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in Malawi’s Hominid Corridor
Paleontological, archaeological, and sedimentological research on the Chiwondo Beds in the Northern Region, Malawi.  Co-Principal Investigator  Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, then of Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.

1983-1984; 2708-83; Field Survey of Plio-Pleistocene Deposits in Malawi’s Hominid Corridor
Paleontological, archaeological, and sedimentological research on the Chiwondo Beds in the Northern Region, Malawi.  Co-Principal Investigator  Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, then of Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.

 

National Science Foundation

2011-2016/2007, 1062680/0741827;; Hard Tissue Research On Sub-Saharan Africans Of Known Life History
Hard tissue biology of skeletons of people of Bantu origin.  Y.M. Juwayeyi, Co-Principal Investigator, Long Island University. 

2010-2013; 0964944; Mineralized tissue research on the life history of Virunga mountain gorillas
Hard tissue biology of skeletons of mountain gorillas from Rwanda’s Parc National des Volcans.  S.C. McFarlin, Principal Investigator, The George Washington University.   

2009-2012, 0923251; MRI: Acquisition of a Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope
M. Ward, Principal Investigator, New York University; D. Pine, Co-Principal Investigator, New York University. 

2009-2012; 0852866; Skeletal Preservation and the Life History of Virunga Mountain Gorillas
Recovery and preservation of existing skeletons of mountain gorillas from Rwanda’s Parc National des Volcans, and build local capacity for the curation, long-term preservation and management of mountain gorilla skeletal materials as a resource for research and education in Rwanda.   S.C. McFarlin, Principal Investigator, The George Washington University.   

2000-2012; 0079700; Acquisition of Real-time 3D and Confocal Microscopy for Bone Microstructure and Life History Studies of Human and Non-Human Primates
Co-Principal Investigators J. Clement, University of Melbourne; C. Terranova, City University of New York; S. Cowin, City University of New York; F. Szalay, City University of New York. 

 
OTHER SCIENTIFIC COOPERATIONS
 

Human Paleobiomics Hard Tissue Research Program.  This international research program has the primary objective to bring mineralized tissue biology into the global mainstream of human evolution research and to exploit the extent to which organismal biology may be represented in bone and tooth microscopic anatomy as a reservoir for biological traits indicative of an organism's development, physiology, and metabolism. Cooperation based on the Max-Planck Research Award 2010 of Prof. Dr. T. Bromage, University of New York (NYU), College of Dentistry.  Partners are Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk, JWG University Frankfurt a. M.; Dr. O. Kullmer, Senckenberg Research Institute.  Paleobiomics

Facial growth and development of Australopithecus sediba. Cooperation with Prof. Dr. R. Lacruz, University of Southern California; Prof. Dr. L. Berger, University of the Witwatersrand. 

Facial growth and development of Homo antecessor, Homo heidelbergensis. Cooperation with Prof. Dr. R.S. Lacruz, University of Southern California; Prof. Dr. José María Bermúdez de Castro,  National Research Center on Human Evolution; J.L. Aruaga, Complutense University of Madrid. 

Tandem Scanning Microscopical Analysis of enamel wear structures in Homo erectus teeth. Dissertation of  J. Tausch, Cooperation with Dr. O. Kullmer, Senckenberg Research Institute; Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk JWG University Frankfurt a. M.  

Hominid Corridor Research Project (HCRP), ´The Paleontology and Paleoecology of the Plio-Pleistocene Chiwondo Beds, Malawi in Africa. Cooperation with Prof. Dr. F. Schrenk JWG University Frankfurt a. M., Dr. O. Kullmer, Senckenberg Research Institute; Dr. O. Sandrock, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt. 

 

COLLECTION SUPERVISION
 
  • Donald H. Enlow Bone Histology Collection, Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics, New York University College of Dentistry.  This collection includes the original of specimens reported in the Enlow & Brown 1956-1958, Parts I-III,Texas Journal of Science publications of fossil and recent bone tissues.

 

UNIVERSITY TEACHING
 

Since 1989-2004

Supervision of BA,  MA, and PhD students at Hunter College, City University of New York, Department of Anthropology and the Thomas Hunter Honors Program in the fields of human biology and evolution.

Since 2004

Supervision of  MA students at New York University College of Dentistry, Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics, and  PhD students of the City University of New York, Department of Anthropology in the fields of hard tissue biology, human evolution, and imaging science.

Lectures, seminars and practical courses at New York University College of Dentistry, Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics

 

PUBLICATIONS – SELECTED SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTIONS
(PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL AND BOOK CHAPTERS) 
 

2016

Bromage TG, Juwayeyi YM, Katris JA, Gomez S, Ovsiy O, Goldstein J, Hu B, Schrenk F. The Scaling of Human Osteocyte Lacuna Density With Body Size and Metabolism. Comptes rendus Palevol, 15, 33-40; DOI:10.1016/j.crpv.2015.09.001, 2016.

Bromage TG, Lacruz RS, Idaghdour Y, Crenshaw TD, Ovsiy O, Rotter B, Hoffmeier K, Schrenk F. The Swine Plasma Metabolome Chronicles "Many Days" Biological Timing and Functions Linked to Growth. PLoS ONE 11(1): e0145919. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145919, 2016.

Glowacka H, Mcfarlin SC, Catlett KK, Mudakikwa A, Bromage TG, Cranfiled MR, Stoinsk TS, Schwartz GT. Age-related changes in molar topography and shearing crest length in a wild population of mountain gorillas from Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 129, 279-293. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22943, 2016.

Lacruz RS, Bromage TG, O'Higgins P, Arsuaga JL, Stringer C, Godinho R, Warshaw J, Martínez I, Gracia A, Bermudez de Castro JM, Carbonell E. Ontogeny of the maxilla in Neanderthals and their ancestors. Nature Communications, 6:8996, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9996, 2016.

Lüdecke T, Thiemeyer H, Schrenk F, Kullmer O, Fiebig J, Mulch A, Bromage TG. Persistent C3 vegetation accompanied Plio-Pleistocene hominin evolution in the Malawi Rift (Chiwondo Beds, Karonga Basin, East African Rift System). Journal of Human evolution 90: 163-175, 2016.

McFarlin SC, Terranova CJ, Zihlman AL, Bromage TG. Primary bone microanatomy records developmental aspects of life history in catarrhine primates. Journal of Human evolution, 92: 60-79, 2016.

Stock MK, Reynolds D, Masters AJ, Bromage TG, Enlow DH. Line of Sight in Hominoids. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, 40, 251-258, 2016.

Smolyar I, Wikelski M, Bromage TG. Quantification of layered patterns with structural anisotropy: a comparison of biological and geological systems. Heliyon, doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2016.e00079, 2016.

2015

 

Galbany J, Izabayo O, Romero A, Vecellio V, Glowacka H, Cranfield MR, Bromage TG, Mudakikwa A, Stoinski TS, Mcfarlin SC. Tooth wear and feeding ecology in mountain gorillas from Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22897, 2015.

 

Lacruz RS, Bromage TG, O'Higgins P, Toro-Ibacache V, Berger LR. Distinct growth of the nasomaxillary complex in Au. sediba. Scientific Reports, DOI:10.1038/srep15175, 2015.

Tausch J, Kullmer O, Bromage TG. A new method for determining the 3D spatial orientation of molar microwear. Scanning, DOI: 10.1002/sca.21234, 2015.

Grine FE, Bromage TG, Daegling DJ, Burr DB, Brain CK. Microbial osteolysis in an early Pleistocene hominin (Paranthropus robustus) from Swartkrans, South Africa. Journal of Human evolution 85: 126-135, 2015.

Hogg RT, Godfrey LR, Schwartz GT, Dirks W, Bromage TG. Lemur Biorhythms and Life History Evolution. PLoS One, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0134210, 2015.

2014

Bromage TG, Janal MN. The Havers-Halberg Oscillation regulates primate tissue and organ masses across the life history continuum. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 112: 649-656, 2014.

Ziscovici C, Lucas PW, Constantino PJ, Bromage TG, Casteren A van. Sea otter dental enamel is highly resistant to chipping due to its microstructure. Biology Letters, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0484, 2014.

Kullmer O, Schrenk F, Bromage TG. Human Paleobiomics - Der Versuch einer integrativen Paläoanthropologie. NATUR • FORSCHUNG • MUSEUM 144: 232-237, 2014.

2013

McFarlin S.C., Barks S.K., Tocheri M.W., Massey J.S., Eriksen A.B., Fawcett K.A., Hof P.R., Bromage T.G., Mudakikwa A., Cranfield M.R., Sherwood C.C. Early Brain Growth Cessation In Wild Virunga Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). American Journal of Primatology X: XX-XX, 2012.  DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22100.

Bromage TG, Werning S.  Image Standardization In Paleohistology.  In (Padian K, Lamm E-T, Eds) Bone Histology Of Fossil Tetrapods:  Advancing Methods, Analysis, and Interpretation.    University of California Press: Berkeley.  pp. 161-175, 2013. 

Ruff CB, Burgess M L, Bromage TG, Mudakikwa A, McFarlin SC. Ontogenetic Changes in Limb Bone Structural Proportions in Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Journal of Human evolution 65: 693--703, 2013.

Blumenthal SA, Chritz KL, Cerling TE, Bromage TG, Kozdon R, Valley JW. Stable isotope time-series in mammalian teeth: in situ δ18O from the innermost enamel layer. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 124: 223-236, 2013.

Lacruz RS, Bermúdez de Castro JM, Martinón-Torres M, Paine ML, Carbonell E, Arsuaga JL, Bromage TG. Facial Morphogenesis of the Earliest Europeans. PLoS ONE. 8:e65199-e65199, 2013.

2012

Bromage TG.  Exploring a new lifecycle.  International Innovation June: 118-120, 2012.

Bromage TG, Hogg RT, Lacruz RS, Hou C.  Primate enamel evinces long period biological timing and regulation of life history.  Journal of Theoretical Biology 305: 131-144, 2012.

Caufield PW, Li Y, Bromage TG.  Hypoplasia-Associated Severe Early Childhood Caries – A Proposed Definition.  Journal of Dental Research 91: 544-550, 2012.

Dirks W, Bromage TG, Agenbroad L D.  The duration and rate of molar plate formation in Palaeoloxodon cypriotes and Mammuthus columbi from dental histology.  Quarternary International 255: 79-85, 2012.

Lacruz RS, Ramirez Rozzi FV, Wood BA, Bromage TG. Molar development and crown areas in early Australopithecus.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 148: 632-640, 2012. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22089.

Lacruz RS, Hacia JG, Bromage TG, Boyde A, Lei Y, Xu Y, Miller JJ, Paine ML, Snead ML.  The circadian clock modulates enamel development.  Journal of Biological Rhythms 27: 237-245, 2012.  DOI: 10.1177/0748730412442830

Lacruz RS, Smith CE, Moffatt P, Chang EH, Bromage TG, Bringas P Jr, Nanci A, Baniwal SK, Zabner J, Welsh MJ, Kurtz I, Paine ML.  Requirements for ion and solute transport, and pH regulation, during enamel maturation. Journal of Cellular Physiology 227: 1776–1785, 2012

2011               

Huang Z, Kim J, Lacruz RS, Bringas P Jr, Glogauer M, Bromage TG, Kaartinen VM, Snead ML. Epithelial-specific knockout of the Rac1 gene leads to enamel defects. European Journal of Oral Sciences 119: 168–176, 2011.                       

Denys C, Sandrock O, Kullmer O, Ramirez Rozzi F, Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  Note on the presence of Hystrix (Mammalia, Rodentia) in the Malawi Chiwondo Beds (Plio-Pleistocene): taphonomical and palaeoecological implications.  Geodiversitas 33: 729-738, 2011.

Kullmer O, Sandrock O, Kupczik K, Frost SR, Volpato V, Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  New Primate Remains from Mwenirondo, Chiwondo Beds in Northern Malawi.  Journal of Human Evolution 61: 617-623, 2011.

Chang EH, Lacruz RS, Bromage TG, Bringas P Jr, Welsh MJ, Zabner J, Paine ML.  Enamel Pathology Resulting From Loss Of Function In The Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator in a Porcine Animal Model.  Cells Tissues Organs 194: 249-54, 2011. 

Holmes G, Bromage TG, Basilico C.  The Sox2 high mobility group transcription factor inhibits mature osteoblast function in transgenic mice.  Bone 49: 653-661, 2011. 

Yang J, Bromage TG, Zhao Q, Xu BH, Gao WL, Tian HF, Tang HJ, Liu DW, Zhao XQ.  Functional Evolution of Leptin of Ochotona curzoniae in Adaptive Thermogenesis Driven by Cold Environmental Stress. PloS One 6, e19833, 2011. 

Bromage TG, Juwayeyi YM, Smolyar I, Hu B, Gomez S, Scaringi VJ, Chavis S, Bondalapati P, Kaur K, Chisi J.  Signposts Ahead: Hard Tissue Signals on Rue Armand de Ricqlès. Comptes rendus Palevol 10: 499–507, 2011.   

Bromage TG, Juwayeyi YM, Smolyar I, Hu B, Gomez S, Chisi J.  Enamel-Calibrated Lamellar Bone Reveals Long Period Growth Rate Variability in Humans  Cells Tissues Organs 194:124–130, 2011. 

Lacruz RS, Lakshminarayanan R, Bromley KM, Hacia JG, Bromage TG, Snead ML, Moradian-Oldak J, Paine ML.  Structural Analysis of a Repetitive Protein Sequence Motif in Strepsirrhine Primate Amelogenin. PloS One 6, e18028, 2011.  

Fiorenza L, Benazzi S, Tausch J, Kullmer O, Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  Molar macrowear reveals Neanderthal eco-geographic dietary variation. PloS One 6, e14769, 2011. 

Bromage TG.  Coupled microbial and human systems: The importance of complexity and integrative thinking.  In (Robertson, D et al, Eds) 2010 Symposium on Early Childhood Caries in American Indian and Alaska Native Children: Summary.  American Dental Association: Chicago.  pp. 10-11, 2011. 

2010

Kaiser TM, Seiffert C, Hertler C, Fiedler L, Schwartz HL, Frost SR, Giemsch L, Bernor RL, Wolf D, Semprebon G, Nelson SV, Schrenk F, Harvati K, Bromage TG, Saanane C.  Makuyuni, a new Lower Palaeolithic Hominid Site in Tanzania.  Mitt. hamb. zool. Mus. Inst. 106: 69-110, 2010.

2009

Bromage TG, Lacruz RS, Hogg R, Goldman HM, McFarlin SC, Warshaw J, Dirk, W, Perez-Ochoa A, Smolyar I, Enlow DH, Boyde A.  Lamellar bone is an incremental tissue reconciling enamel rhythms, body size, and organismal life history.  Calcified Tissue International 84: 388-404, 2009. 

Bromage TG, Goldman HM, McFarlin SC, Perez-Ochoa A, Boyde A.  Confocal Scanning Optical Microscopy of a 3my Australopithecus afarensis Femur.  Scanning 31: 1-10, 2009. 

Bromage TG.  Coupled microbial and human systems: evidence for a relationship between infectious disease and gross national product.  Clinical Microbiology and Infection 15: 51-53, 2009. 

2008

Lacruz RS, Dean MC, Ramirez-Rozzi F, Bromage TG.  Megadontia, Striae Periodicity, and Patterns of enamel secretion in Plio-Pleistocene Fossil Hominins. Journal of Anatomy 213: 148-158, 2008. 

Bromage TG, McMahon J, Thackeray JF, Kullmer O, Hogg R, Rosenberger AL, Schrenk F, Enlow DH.  Craniofacial architectural constraints and their importance for reconstructing the early Homo skull KNM-ER 1470.  Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 33: 43-54, 2008. 

McFarlin SC, Terranova CJ, Zihlman AL, Enlow DH, Bromage TG.  Regional variability in secondary remodeling within long bone cortices of catarrhine primates: the influence of bone growth history.  Journal of Anatomy 213: 308-324, 2008.

Bromage TG, Boyde A.  Bone Growth Remodeling of the Early Human Face.  In (Enlow DH, Hans M, Eds) Essentials of Facial Growth.  W B Saunders Co.: New York.  pp 319-342, 2008.

2007

Yeh N, Miller JP, Gaur T, Capellini TD, Nikolich-Zugich J, la Hoz C de, Selleri L, Bromage TG, van Wijnen AJ, Stein GS, Lian JB, Vidal A, Koff A.  Cooperation between p27 and p107 during endochondral ossification suggests a genetic pathway controlled by p27 and p130.  Molecular and Cellular Biology 27: 5161-5171, 2007. 

Schrenk F, Kullmer O, Bromage TG.  The Earliest Putative Homo Fossils.  In (Henke W, Rothe H, Tattersall I, Eds.) Handbook of Paleoanthropology. Vol 3: Phylogeny of Hominids.  Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.  pp. 1611-1632, 2007. 

Sandrock O, Kullmer O, Schrenk F, Juwayeyi YM, Bromage TG.  Fauna, taphonomy and ecology of the plio-pleistocene chiwondo beds, northern Malawi.  In (Bobe R, Alemseged Z, Behrensmeyer AK, Eds) Hominin Environments in the East African Pliocene: An Assessment of the Faunal Evidence.  Springer: Dordrecht.  pp. 315-332, 2007. 

Bromage TG, Lacruz R, Perez-Ochoa A, Boyde A.  Portable confocal scanning optical microscopy of Australopithecus africanus enamel microstructure.  In (Bailey SE, Hublin J-J, Eds) Dental perspectives on human evolution: State of the art research in dental paleoanthropology.  Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.  pp. 193-209, 2007. 

2006

Bromage TG.  Letter to the Readers of ReES.  Economía de la Salud 5: 93, 2006.

Lacruz R Bromage TG.  Appositional enamel growth in molars of South African fossil hominids.  Journal of Anatomy 209: 13-20, 2006. 

Lacruz R, Rozzi FR, Bromage TG.  Variation in enamel development of South African fossil hominids.  Journal of Human Evolution 51: 580-590, 2006. 

LeGeros RZ, Mijares D, Yao F, LeGeros JP, Bromage TG, La V, Xi Q, Tannous S, Kijkowska R.  Consequences of fluoride incorporation on properties of apatites.  Key Engineering Materials 6: 697-700, 2006. 

Bromage TG.  Science networks and the future of integrative research.  In (Bromage TG, Vidal A, Aguirre E, Perez-Ochoa A, Eds).  Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution.  Elsevier: Amsterdam.  pp. 160-174, 2006. 

Vidal A, Capellini TD, Yeh N, Selleri L, Koff A, Bromage TG.  Development and cancer: two sides of the same coin.  In (Bromage TG, Vidal A, Aguirre E, Perez-Ochoa A, Eds)  Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution.  Elsevier: Amsterdam.  pp 147-159, 2006. 

2005

Lacruz R, Rozzi FR, Bromage TG.  Dental enamel hypoplasia, age at death, and weaning in the Taung child.  South African Journal of Science 101: 567-569, 2005.

Bromage TG, Perez-Ochoa A, Boyde A.  Portable confocal microscope reveals fossil hominid microstructure.  Microscopy and Analysis 19: 5-7, 2005. 

Ring U, Schwartz HL, Bromage TG, Sanaane C.  Kinematic and sedimentological evolution of the Manyara Rift in northern Tanzania, East Africa.  Geological Magazine 142: 355–368, 2005. 

Goldman HM, Thomas CDL, Clement JG, Bromage TG.  Relationships among microstructural properties of bone at the human mid-shaft femur.  Journal of Anatomy 206: 127-139, 2005.  

2004

Smolyar I, Bromage TG.  Discrete model of fish scale incremental pattern: a formalization of the 2D anisotropic structure.  ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 61: 992-1003, 2004.

Bromage TG, Boyde A, Perez-Ochoa Real A.  Nuevas posibilidades en la investigación paleantropológica utilizando un microscopio confocal portátil.    In (Baquendano E, Ed) Miscelánea en Homenaje a Emiliano Aguirre, Volumen III, Paleoantropología.  Museo Arqueologico Regional: Madrid.  pp. 72-81, 2004. 

2003

Bromage TG, Goldman HM, McFarlin S, Warshaw J, Boyde A, Riggs C.  Circularly polarized light standards for investigations of collagen fiber orientation in bone.  Anatomical Record: The New Anatomist 274B: 157–168, 2003. 

Goldman HM, Bromage TG, Boyde A, Thomas CDL, Clement JG.  Intrapopulation Variability in Mineralization Density at the Human Femoral Mid-Shaft.  Journal of Anatomy 203: 243-255, 2003. 

Goldman HM, Bromage TG, Thomas CDL, Clement JG.  Preferred collagen fiber orientation at the human mid-shaft femur.  Anatomical Record 272A: 434-445, 2003. 

Hertler C, Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Modelling in Palaeoanthropology: Reconstructing the development of paleospecies.  In (Müller T, Müller H, Eds) Modelling In Natural Sciences: Design, Validation and Case Studeis.  Springer-Verlag: Berlin.  pp. 323-334, 2003.

Bromage TG, Boyde A, Perez-Ochoa A.  The Portable confocal microscope: Scanning optical microscopy anywhere.  In (Méndez-Vilas A, Ed) Science, Technology and Education of Microscopy: An Overview.  Formatex: Badajoz.  pp. 742-752, 2003.

2002

Schrenk F, Kullmer O, Sandrock O, Bromage TG.  Early Hominid diversity, age and biogeography of the Malawi-Rift.  Human Evolution 17: 113-122, 2002.

Bromage TG, Dirks W, Erdjument-Bromage H, Huck M, Kulmer O, Öne, R, Sandrock O, Schrenk F.  A life history and climate change solution to the evolution and extinction of insular dwarfs: A Cypriot experience.  In (Waldren WH, Ensenyat JA, Eds.) World Islands in Prehistory: International Insular Investigations V Deia Conference of Prehistory.  British Archeological Reports International Series 105: 420-427, 2002.

Kullmer O, Huck M, Engel K, Schrenk F Bromage TG.  Hominid Tooth Pattern Database (HOTPAD) derived from Optical 3D Topometry.  British Archeological Reports Series 1049: 71-82, 2002.

Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Kaessmann H.  Die Frühzeit des Menschen.  In (vdbiol – Verband Deutscher Biologen und biowissenschaftlicher Fachgesellschaften, Ed) Wohin die Reise geht Lebenswissenschaften im Dialog.  Wiley-VCH: Weinheim.  pp. 94-101, 2002. 

Bromage TG.  Paleoanthropology and life history, and life history of a paleoanthropologist.  In (Peregrine PN, Ember CR Ember M, Eds) Physical Anthropology: Original Readings in Method and Practice.  Prentice Hall: New Jersey.  pp. 254-263, 2002. 

2001

Sandrock O, Kullmer O, Schrenk F, Bromage TG. Biogeography of Homo and Paranthropus in the Malawi Rift.  In (Schultz M et al., Eds) Schnittstelle Mensch – Umwelt in Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft: Proceedings – 3. Kongress der GfA, S.  Cuvillier Verlag: Göttingen.  pp. 15-19, 2001. 

2000

Arnaud SB, Buckendahl P, Bromage TG, Yamauchi M.  Bone biochemistry in rat femoral diaphysis after space flight.  Journal of Gravitational Physiology 7: 7-15, 2000.

Goldman HM, Blayas A, Boyde A, Howell PGT, Clement J, Bromage TG.  Correlative Light and Backscattered Electron Microscopy of Human Bone.  Part II: Automated Image Analysis.  Scanning 22: 337-344, 2000. 

Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Der Hominiden-Korridor Südostafrikas.  Spektrum der Wissenshaft August: 46-53, 2000. 

Chowdhury IG, Bromage TG.  Effects of fetal exposure to nicotine on dental development of the laboratory rat.  Anatomical Record 258: 397-405, 2000. 

Rousseau CJ, Bromage TG.  Bone biology.  In (Delson E, Tattersall I, Van Couvering JA, Brooks AS, Eds) Encycolopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory.  Garland Pub.: New York.  pp. 135-137, 2000. 

Bromage TG.  Chiwondo Beds.  In (Delson E, Tattersall I, Van Couvering JA, Brooks AS, Eds) Encycolopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory.  Garland Pub.: New York.  pp. 177-178, 2000.

Bromage TG, Van Couvering, JA.  Climate change and human evolution.  In (Delson E, Tattersall I, Van Couvering JA, Brooks AS, Eds) Encycolopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory.  Garland Pub.: New York.  pp. 183-185, 2000.

Bromage TG.  Uraha.  In (Delson E, Tattersall I, Van Couvering JA, Brooks AS, Eds) Encycolopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory.  Garland Pub.: New York.  pp. 720-721, 2000.

1999

Kullmer O, Sandrock O, Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  The Malawi Rift: Biogeography, Ecology and Coexistance of Homo and Paranthropus.  Anthropologie 37: 221-231, 1999. 

Goldman HM, Kindsvater J, Bromage TG.  Correlative Light and Backscattered Electron Microscopy of Bone.  Part I: Specimen Preparation Methods.  Scanning 21: 40-43, 1999.

Kullmer O, Sandrock O Abel R, Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Juwayeyi YM.  The first Paranthropus from the Malawi Rift.  Journal of Human Evolution 37: 121-127, 1999.

Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  Searching for an Interdisciplinary Convergence in Paleoanthropology.  In (Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Eds) African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Early Hominid Evolution.  Oxford University Press: New York.  pp. 3-9, 1999.

Bromage TG.  Habitat specificity and early hominid craniodental ecomorphology.  In (Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Eds) African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Early Hominid Evolution.  Oxford University Press: New York.  pp. 364-368, 1999. 

Rozzi FR, Walker C, Bromage TG.  Early hominid dental development and climate change.  In (Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Eds) African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Early Hominid Evolution.  Oxford University Press: New York.  pp. 349-363, 1999.

Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Climate change and survival strategies of early Homo and Paranthropus in the Malawi Rift.  In (Ullrich H, Ed) Hominid Evolution: Lifestyles and Survival Strategies.  Edition Archaea: Gelsenkirchen.  pp. 72-88, 1999.

1998

Goldman HM, Bromage TG, Blayvas A.  Correlative light and backscattered electron microscopy of human bone using automated image analysis.  Scanning 20: 236-237, 1998. 

Bromage TG, Smolyar I, Doty SB, Holton E, Zuyev AN.  Bone growth rate and relative mineralization density during space flight.  Scanning 20: 238-239, 1998.

Bromage TG, Boyde A.  Intracortical remodeling and growth of the macaque mandible.  Scanning 20: 240, 1998.

1997

Bromage TG, Goldman HM.  Specialised in bone loss and osteoporosis.  reSolution 97/2: 13, 1997. 

Bromage TG, Blayvas A, Goldman HM. Specimen preparation and analysis for combined light and backscattered electron imaging.  Scanning 19: 179-180, 1997. 

Rozzi FVR, Bromage TG, Schrenk F. UR 501, the Plio-Pleistocene hominid from Malawi.  Analysis of the microanatomy of the enamel.  C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Earth & Planetary Sciences 325: 231-234, 1997. 

Bromage TG.  Paleoanthropology and life history, and life history of a paleoanthropologist.  In (Ember CR, Ember M, Peregrine PN, Eds) Research Frontiers in Anthropology.  Prentice Hall: New Jersey.  pp. 41-54, 1997. 

1995

Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Juwayeyi YM.  Palaeobiogeography of the Malawi Rift: Age and vertebrate palaeontology of the Chiwondo Beds, northern Malawi.  Journal of Human Evolution 28: 37-57, 1995.

Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Sandrock O, Gorthner A.  Paleoecology of the Malawi Rift: Vertebrate and invertebrate faunal contexts of the Chiwondo Beds, northern Malawi.  Journal of Human Evolution 28: 59-70, 1995.

Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Zonneveld FW.  Palaeoanthropology of the Malawi Rift: An early hominid mandible from the Chiwondo Beds, northern Malawi.  Journal of Human Evolution 28: 71-108, 1995.

Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  Biogeographic and climatic basis for a narrative of early hominid evolution.  Journal of Human Evolution 28: 109-114, 1995.

Kaiser T, Bromage TG, Schrenk F. Hominid Corridor Research Project update: New Pliocene localities at Lake Manyara and putative oldest Early Stone Age ocurrences at Laetoli (Upper Ndolanya Beds), northern Tanzania.  Journal of Human Evolution 28: 117-120, 1995.

McMahon JM, Boyde A, Bromage TG.  Pattern of collagen fiber orientation in the ovine calcaneal shaft and its relation to locomotor-induced strain.  Anatomical Record 242: 147-158, 1995. 

1993

Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Betzler C, Ring U.  Oldest Homo and Pliocene biogeography of the Malawi Rift.  Nature, 365: 833-836, 1993.

Betzler C, Ring U, Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Plio/Pleistocene nearshore lacustrine record of Lake Malawi  (East Africa).   In (Thorweihe U, Schandelmeier H, Eds) Geoscientific Research in Northeast Africa.  Balkema: Rotterdam.  pp. 323-326, 1993.

Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Betzler C, Ring U.  The Malawi Rift and vertebrate palaeobiogeography of the African Rift Valley.  In (Thorweihe U, Schandelmeier H, Eds) Geoscientific Research in Northeast Africa.  Balkema: Rotterdam.  pp. 471 - 474, 1993.

1992

Ring U, Betzler C, Bromage TG, Schrenk F, Gorthner A.  Tektonik und Kinematik des Malawi-Rifts (Ostafrika).  Frankfurter Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten Serie A, 11: 293-294, 1992.

Schrenk F, Bromage TG, Gorthner A, Ring U.  Evolution and palaeoecology of the Malawi Rift (Central Africa).  Occasional Papers of the Antiquities Department, Malawi.  Vol. 1.  pp. 23-43, 1992. 

Bromage TG.  The ontogeny of Pan troglodytes craniofacial architectural relationships and implications for early hominids.  Journal of Human Evolution, 23: 235-251, 1992.

Bromage TG.  Faces from the past.  New Scientist, 1803: 38-41, 1992.

Boyde A, Howell PGT, Bromage TG, Elliott JC, Riggs CM, Bell LS, Kneissel M, Reid SA, Jayasinghe JAP, Jones SJ.  Application of mineral quantitation of bone by histogram analysis of backscattered electron images.  In (Slavkin H, Price P, Eds.) Chemistry and Biology of Mineralized Tissues.  Elsevier Science Publishers: Amsterdam.  pp. 47-60, 1992.

Bromage TG.  Microstructural organization and biomechanics of the macaque circumorbital region.  In (Smith P, Tchernov E, Eds.) Structure, Function and Evolution of Teeth.  Freund Publishing House: London.  pp. 257-272, 1992.

1991

Bromage TG.  Enamel incremental periodicity in the Pigtailed Macaque: A polychrome fluorescent labeling study of dental hard tissues.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 86: 205-214, 1991.

Bromage TG.  Issues related to mineralized tissue biology in human evolutionary research.  Human Evolution 16: 165-175, 1991.

O'Higgins P, Bromage TG, Johnson DR, Moore WJ, McPhie P.  A study of facial growth in the Sooty Mangabey Cercocebus atys.  Folia Primatologica, 56: 86-94, 1991.

Bromage TG, Bermudez de Castro JM, Jalvo YF.  The SEM in taphonomic research and its application to studies of cutmarks generally and the determination of handedness specifically.  Anthropologie, 29: 163-169, 1991.

1990

Bromage TG.  On the ontogenetic and phylogenetic origins of the human chin.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 83 263-265, 1990.

Bromage TG.  Developmental biology of early hominids: New perspectives for paleoanthropology.  Anthroquest 42: 23-26, 1990.

Mechanic GL, Arnaud SB, Boyde A, Bromage TG, Buckendahl P, Elliott JC, Katz EP, Durnova I.  Regional Distribution of mineral and matrix in the femurs of rats flown on Cosmos 1887 biosatellite.  FASEB 4: 34-40, 1990.

1989

Bromage TG.  Ontogeny of the early hominid face.  Journal of Human Evolution 18: 751-773, 1989.

Mechanic GL, Arnaud SB, Boyde A, Buckendahl P, Bromage TG, Elliott JC, Katz EP, Durnova I.  Regional changes in mineral and matrix in rat femoral diaphysis after space flight.  Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 4:S407, 1989.

Elliott JC, Bromage TG, Anderson P, Davis G, Dover SD.  Application of X-ray microtomography to the study of dental hard tissues.  In (Fearnhead RW, Ed.) Tooth Enamel V.  Florence Publishers: Tsurumi.  pp. 429-433, 1989.

Bermudez de Castro JM, Bromage TG, Jalvo YF.  El MEB y la tecnica de replicas aplicados en paleontologia humana y tafonomia.  In (Aguirre E, Ed.) Nuevas Tendencias Paleontologia.  C.S.I.C.: Madrid.  pp. 161-178, 1989.

1988

Bermudez de Castro JM, Bromage TG, Jalvo YF.  Buccal striations on fossil human anterior teeth: Evidence of handedness in the middle and early Upper Pleistocene.  Journal of Human Evolution 17: 403-412, 1988.

1987

Bromage TG.  The biological and chronological maturation of early hominids.  Journal of Human Evolution 16: 257-272, 1987.

Bromage TG.  The SEM/replica technique and recent applications to the study of fossil bone.  Scanning Electron Microscopy 1987: 607-613, 1987.

1986

Bromage TG, Schrenk F.  A cercopithecoid tooth from the Pliocene of Malawi.  Journal of Human Evolution 15: 497-500, 1986.

Dean MC, Stringer CB, Bromage TG.  Age at death of the Neanderthal child from Devil's Tower, Gibraltar and the implications for studies of general growth and development in Neanderthals.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 70: 301-309, 1986.

1985

Bromage TG, Dean MC.  Re-evaluation of the age at death of immature fossil hominids.  Nature 317: 525-527, 1985.

Bromage TG.  Systematic inquiry in tests of negative/positive replica combinations for SEM.  Journal of Microscopy 137: 209-216, 1985.

Bromage TG.  Taung facial remodeling: A growth and development study.  In (Tobias PV, Ed.) Hominid Evolution: Past, Present, and Future.  Alan R. Liss: New York.  pp. 239-245, 1985.

1984

Bromage TG, Boyde A.  Microscopic criteria for the determination of directionality of cutmarks on bone.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 65: 359-366, 1984.

Bromage TG.  Interpretation of scanning electron microscopic images of abraded forming bone surfaces.  American Journal of Physical Anthropology 64: 161-178, 1984.

 

SELECTION OF OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS  

 

Books and Monographs

Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Adam's Ancestors in Malawi.  Society of Malawi: Blantyre (ISBN: 978-99908-36-17-2), 2012.

Bromage TG, Vidal A, Aguirre E, Perez-Ochoa A (Eds)  Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution  Elsevier: Amsterdam.  (International Congress Series No. 1296; ISBN: 978-0-444-52860-5 / 0-444-52860-1; ISSN: 0531-5131) , 2006. 

Schrenk F, Bromage TG.  Adams Eltern – Expeditionen in die Welt der Frühmenschen.  C.H. Beck: München. (German & Korean editions; ISBN: 3-406-48615-0), 2002.

Bromage TG, Schrenk F. (Eds).  African Biogeography, Climate Change, and Early Hominid Evolution.  Oxford University Press: New York. (ISBN: 0-195-11437-X), 1999.

Bromage TG, Schrenk F (Eds).  Evolutionary History of the Malawi Rift.  Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 28, pp. 1-120, 1995. 

Doctoral Thesis

Bromage TG.  A Comparative Scanning Electron Microscope Study of Facial Growth and Remodeling in Early Hominids.  Ph.D. Thesis, University of Toronto, 1986.

Exhibition Catalogs

Hezur Muinetal: Óseos Cosmos.  Catalog for exhibition, Kubo-Kutxa gallery, San Sebastian, Spain, April 27 – July 5, 2009.  ISBN: 978-84-7173-536-2.  Pp. 120.

Oseos Cosmos: The Shapes of Time.  Catalog for exhibition, Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Union Fenosa, La Caruña, Spain, February 1 – April 7, 2007.  Deposito legal:   Pp. 96.

Tissue-Patterns.  Catalog for exhibition, La Casa Encendida, Madrid, Spain, September 1 – October 1, 2006.  ISBN: 84-95321-87-4.  Pp. 96.

Tissue-Patterns.  Catalog for exhibition, Museo de Teruel, Teruel, Spain, November 4 – December 11, 2005.  ISBN: 84-87183-76-X.  Pp. 72.

Oseos Cosmos: The Shapes of Time.  Catalog for exhibition, Centro Cultural San Clemente, Toledo, Spain, April 14 – May 20, 2004.  Deposito legal:   Pp. 100.

Oseos Cosmos: The Shapes of Time.   Catalog for exhibition, San Marcos Basilica, Heraclion, Crete, Italy, September 15 – October 15, 2004.  ISBN: 84-609-2244-8.  Pp. 72.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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