Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt

Tertiary Mammals


  • Collection of fossil mammals Java in Indonesia and Chinese phamarcies (G.H.R. von Koenigswald collection)
  • Collection of fossil mammals from the Upper Miocene Proto-Rhine deposits in Eppelsheim (Senckenberg excavations 1996-2000 in the Dinothere sands)
  • Collection of fossil mammals from the Upper Miocene and Pleistocene deposits in Dorn-Dürkheim, Rhinehesse (Senckenberg excavations)
  • Collection of chimpanzee skulls (Pan troglodytes verus) from Liberia, including digital CT datasets
  • Cast collections of fossil hominid skulls, jaws and tooth remains
  • 3D data collection (virtual surface models) of fossil and modern hominid teeth, jaws and skulls

One of the most important European collections on remains of early man that had been compiled by G.H.R. von Koenigswald in Asia is maintained in the Sections Paleoanthropology and Tertiary Mammals.


G.H.R. von Koenigswald Collection of early hominins
from Java, Indonesia

Archive "von Koenigswald"

G.H.R. von Koenigswald - Archive

Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald was the founder of the Palaeoanthropology Department at Senckenberg Research Institute. Besides his original work on human evolution he left a large amount of letters and other documents as his scientific legacy. They are curated in the archive of Koenigswald's documents and give an insight into von Koenigswald's work and his epoch.




The Palaeoanthropology library contains approx. 2,000 volumes and 80,000 reprints. The von Koenigswald library and the D.A. Hooijer reprint collection are associated with the library.