Senckenberg Research

edaphobase_logo GBIF Database on Soil Zoology logo gbif
Information System for Taxonomy, Literature and Ecology
 
     
lumbricidae enchytraeidae Anatonchus_tridentatus oppiella nova neojordensia_levis collembola Chilopoda_Cryptops parisi ommatoiulus sabulosus (L.,1758) Trachelipus_ratzeburgi
                 
                 
– Nationwide Field Studies –
       
Concept and Realisation
       
       
The main target of the Nationwide Field Studies (NFS) is to assess the practical usability of edaphobase for applied nature conservation needs as stated by several federal state authorities and the Eifel National Park (Fig. 1). These authorities have raised questions concerning e.g. soil quality and conservation status of soil, as well as the possible impact of anthropogenic stressors on soil communities and functions. The NFS are coordinated by the Research Institute for Ecosystem Analysis and Assessment – gaiac – in association with different co-operation partners, who also represent the lead-managers for each individual study. Moreover, each co-operation partner has expert knowledge on different soil-organism groups and determine that group in all studies (Fig. 1).

  • Naturforschende Gesellschaft der Oberlausitz (NaFoGe): Lead management of the Saxony study; determination and evaluation of myriapods.
conception
Figure 1: Structural approach of the country studies within the
edaphobase-Projekt
  • Dr. Joerg Salamon: lead management of the Saxony-Anhalt study; determination and evaluation of Collembola.

  • ECT Oekotoxikologie: lead management of the Bavaria study; responsible for determination and evaluation of lumbricids and enchytraeids.

  • gaiac Research Institute: overall NFS coordination; lead management of the study in the Eifel National Park; determination and evaluation of oribatid mites. The determination of oribatid mites is carried out at the gaiac Research Institute in close collaboration with the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe (SMNK).
       
       
  area_saxonia area_bavaria  
       
       
  area_saxonia_anhalt area_national_park_eifel  
Figure 2: Biotope types chosen for the different Federal States and the National Park Eifel
       
Within the NF-studies, three different biotope types are investigated in each of the four Federal States (Saxony, North-Rhine Westphalia, Saxony-Anhalt, Bavaria). In all sites, the soil community composed of the soil organism groups Myriapoda, Collembola, Lumbricidae, Enchytraeidae, Oribatida are sampled and analysed (Fig. 1). A broad scale of biotopes is represented in that acidic and calcareous near-natural biotopes as well as their related substitutes are investigated (Figs. 2-3). Additionally, for a full characterisation of the biotopes, soil environmental data (e.g. pH-value, soil type, humus type) as well as vegetation data are recorded. The evaluation is carried using edaphobase and focuses on the ecological preferences of the different species and the ecological characterisation (reference or baseline value) of the soil community for each biotope type according to questions previously raised by the federal authorities.
       
       
biotope_types

Figure 3: Acidic to calcareous biotope types of
near-natural vegetation and related substitutes
of higher 1st-3rd
       
       
       
       
       
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