Senckenberg am Meer Wilhelmshaven


Peer-reviewed Articles



Ávila SP, Ramalho RS, Habermann JM, Titschack J (2018) The Marine Fossil Record at Santa Maria Island (Azores). In: Kueppers U, Beier C (eds) Volcanoes of the Azores: Revealing the Geological Secrets of the Central Northern Atlantic Islands. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 155-196

Bartels M, Titschack J, Fahl K, Stein R, Hebbeln D (2018) Wahlenbergfjord, eastern Svalbard: a glacier-surrounded fjord reflecting regional hydrographic variability during the Holocene? Boreas 47:1003-1021

Hoffmann L(2018) On the distribution of Yoldiella cadizensis (Bivalvia: Yoldiidae) in the NE Atlantic. Miscellanea Malacologica 7:102

Hoffmann L, Freiwald A (2018) A new genus and two new species in Calliotropidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from NE Atlantic cold-water coral habitats. Miscellanea Malacologica 7:89-96

Hoffmann L, Freiwald A (2018) Last snails standing:a tale of Fissurellidae (Gastropoda) from deep-water coral habitats off Mauritaniasince the Pleistocene. Miscellanea Malacologica 7:115-126

Hoffmann L, Fraussen K, Freiwald A (2018) The genus Chauvetia (Gastropoda, Buccinoidea) in deep-water coral habitats on the continental slope of Mauritania. Miscellanea Malacologica 7:127-138

Hoffmann L, Lavaleye M, Van Heugten B, Freiwald A (2018) Lepetella (Gastropoda: Lepetellidae) in deep-water coral habitats in the North Atlantic. Miscellanea Malacologica 8:21-29

Hoffmann L, Lavaleye M, Van Heugten B, Freiwald A (2018) New information on Ganesa, Lopheliella and Trochaclis (Gastropoda) in cold-water coral habitats in the North Atlantic. Miscellanea Malacologica 8:31-38

Petrovic A, Lantzsch H, Schwenk T, Marquard J, Titschack J, Hanebuthd TJJ (2018) Post-LGM upward shift of the Mediterranean Outflow Water recorded in a contourite drift off NW Spain. Marine Geology 407:334-349

Rosso A, Beuck L, Vertino A, Sanfilippo R, Freiwald A (2018) Cribrilinids (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) associated with deep-water coral habitats at the Great Bahama Bank slope (NW Atlantic), with description of new taxa. Zootaxa 4524:401-439

Sampaio Í, Freiwald A, Porteiro FM, Menezes G, Carreiro-Silva M (in press) Census of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of the Azores (NE Atlantic) with a nomenclature update. Zootaxa

Titschack J (accepted) Bathyal corals within the Aegean Sea and the adjacent Hellenic trench. In: Orejas C, Jiménez C, Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Springer series: Coral Reefs of the World

Titschack J, Baum D, Matsuyama K, Boos K, Färber C, Kahl WA, Ehrig K, Meinel D, Soriano C, Stock SR (2018) Ambient occlusion – A powerful algorithm to segment shell and skeletal intrapores in computed tomography data. Computers & Geosciences 115:75-87

Uchman A, Wisshak M, Rodríguez-Tovar FJ (2018) The bivalve boring Cuenulites amygdaloides nov. isp. in siliceous sponges from the Upper Cretaceous of Germany. Geobios 51:481-486

Weber ME, Lantzsch H, Dekens P, Das SK, Reilly BT, Martos YM, Meyer-Jacob C, Agrahari S, Ekblad A, Titschack J, Holmes B, Wolfgramm P (2018) 200,000 years of monsoonal history recorded on the lower Bengal Fan - strong response to insolation forcing. Global and Planetary Change 166:107-119

Wienberg C, Titschack J, Freiwald A, Frank N, Lundälv T, Taviani M, Beuck L, Schröder-Ritzrau A, Krengel T, Hebbeln D (2018) The giant Mauritanian cold-water coral mound province: Oxygen control on coral mound formation. Quaternary Science Reviews 185:135-152

Wisshak M, Meyer N, Radtke G & Golubic S (2018) Saccomorpha guttulata – a new marine fungal microbioerosion trace fossil from cool- to cold-water settings. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 92:525-533

Wisshak M, Neumann C (2018) Large dendrinids meet giant clam: the bioerosion trace fossil Neodendrina carnelia igen. et isp. n. in a Tridacna shell from Pleistocene-Holocene coral reef deposits, Red Sea, Egypt. Fossil Record 21:1-9

Wisshak M & Lyles J (2018) Mopping up South Winds and Southern Climes (Lechuguilla Cave). NSS news 76:10-19

Wizemann A, Nandini SD, Stuhldreier I, Sánchez-Noguera C, Wisshak M, Westphal H, Rixen T, Wild C, Reymond CE (2018) Rapid bioerosion in a tropical upwelling coral reef. PLoS ONE 13:e0202887.

Zettler ML; Freiwald A; Guerra-Garcia JM (2018) Cold-water corals off Angola as refuge for a new Aeginella species (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Caprellidae). Zootaxa 4462:535-546

-- 2017 --

 Bartels M, Titschack J, Fahl K, Stein R, Seidenkrantz MS, Hillaire-Marcel C, Hebbeln D (2017) Atlantic Water advection vs. glacier dynamics in northern Spitsbergen since early deglaciation. Climate of the Past 13:1717-1749.

Beier C, Bach W, Blum M, Cerqueira T, Ferreira PJ, Genske FS, Haase KM, Kausche AH, Kemner F, Klügel A, Krumm SH, Kueppers U, Leymann T, Mai A, Petry F, Ratmeyer V, Raeke A, Rentsch H, Romer RHW, Sampaio Í, Schade T, Schleifer B, Schröder MK, Skambraks TO, Storch B, Vittori VF, Wefer G (2017) Azores Plateau – Cruise No. M128 – July 2 – July 27, 2016 - Ponta Delgada (Azores, Portugal) – Ponta Delgada (Azores, Portugal). METEOR- Berichte, M128, 42 pp., DFG-Senatskommission für Ozeanographie.

Breton G, Wisshak M, Néraudeau D, Morel N (2017) Parasitic gastropod bioerosion trace fossils on Cenomanian oysters from Le Mans, France and its ichnologic and taphonomic context. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 62:45-57.

Buatois LA, Wisshak M, Wilson MA, Mángano MG (2017) Categories of architectural designs in trace fossils: A measure of ichnodisparity. Earth-Science Reviews 164:102-181.

Carreiro-Silva M, Ocaña O, Stanković D, Sampaio Í, Porteiro FM, Fabri MC, Stefanni S (2017) Zoantharians (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) associated with cold-water corals in the Azores Region: new species and associations in the deep sea. Frontiers in Marine Science, 4:88.

Hoffman L, Freiwald A (2017) A unique and diverse amalgamated mollusk shell assemblage from the Coral Patch Seamount, eastern Atlantic. Miscellanea Malacologica 7:55-73.

Matos L, Wienberg C, Titschack J, Schmiedl G, Frank N, Abrantes F, Cunha MR, Hebbeln D (2017) Coral mound development at the Campeche cold-water coral province, southern Gulf of Mexico: Implications of Antarctic Intermediate Water increased influence during interglacials. Marine Geology 392:53-65.

Matsuyama K, Martha SO, Scholz J, Hillmer G (2017) Ristedtia vestiflua n. gen. et sp., a new bryozoan genus and species (Gymnolaemata: Cheilostomata) from an Arctic seamount in the central Greenland Sea. Marine Biosiversity

Macpherson E, Beuck L, Roder C, Voolstra R (2017) A new species of squat lobster of the genus Munida. Crustaceana 90(7-10):1005-1014.

Milker Y, Weinkauf MFG, Titschack J, Freiwald A, Krüger S, Jorissen FJ, Schmiedl G (2017) Testing the applicability of a benthic foraminiferal-based transfer function for the reconstruction of paleowater depth changes in Rhodes (Greece) during the early Pleistocene. PLOS ONE 12:e0188447.

Orejas C, Addamo A, Alvarez M, Aparicio A, Alcoverro D, Arnaud-Haond S, Bilan M, Boavida J, Cainzos V, Calderon R, Cambeiro P, Castano M, Fox A, Gallardo M, Gori A, Guitierrez C, Henry L-A, Hermida M, Jimenez JA, Lopez-Jurado JL, Lozano P, Mateo-Ramirez A, Mateu G, Matoso JL, Mendez C, Morillas A, Movilla J, Olariaga A, Paredes M, Pelayo V, Pineiro S, Rakka M, Ramirez T, Ramos M, Reis J, Rivera J, Romero A, Rueda JL, Salvador T, Sampaio Í, Sanchez H, Santiago R, Serrano A, Taranto G, Urra J, Velez-Belchi P, Viladrich N, Zein M (2017) Cruise Summary Report – MEDWAVES survey (MEDiterranean out flow WAter and Vulnerable EcosystemS). Zenodo.

Schönberg CHL, Tribollet A, Fang JKH, Carreiro-Silva M, Wisshak M (2017) Viewpoints in bioerosion research—are we really disagreeing? A reply to the comment by Silbiger and DeCarlo (2017). ICES Journal of Marine Science.

Schönberg CHL, Fang JKH, Carreiro-Silva M, Tribollet A, Wisshak M (2017) Bioerosion: the other ocean acidification problem. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74:895-925.

Titschack J (accepted) Bathyal corals within the Aegean Sea and the adjacent Hellenic trench. In: Orejas C, Jiménez C (eds) Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Springer series: Coral Reefs of the World.

Wisshak M, Neumann C (in press) Large dendrinids meet giant clam: the bioerosion trace fossil Neodendrina carnelia igen. et isp. n. in a Tridacna shell from Pleistocene-Holocene coral reef deposits, Red Sea, Egypt. Fossil Record.

Wisshak M (2017) Taming an ichnotaxonomical Pandora’s box: Revision of dendritic and rosetted microborings (ichnofamily: Dendrinidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 390:99pp.

Wisshak M, Titschack J, Kahl W-A, Girod P (2017) Classical and new bioerosion trace fossils in Cretaceous belemnite guards characterised via micro-CT. Fossil Record 20:173-199.
Dataset at PANGAEA

Wisshak M, Neumann C, Knaust D, Reich M (2017) Rediscovery of type material of the bioerosional trace fossil Talpina von Hagenow, 1840 and its ichnotaxonomical implications. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 91:127-135.

Wisshak M, Bartholomä A, Beuck L, Büscher J, Form A, Freiwald A, Halfar J, Hetzinger S, Heugten B van, Hissmann K, Holler P, Meyer N, Neumann N, Raddatz J, Rüggeberg A, Teichert S, Wehrmann A (2017) Habitat characteristics and carbonate cycling of macrophyte-supported polar carbonate factories (Svalbard) - Cruise No. MSM55 – June 11 – June 29, 2016 – Reykjavik (Iceland) – Longyearbyen (Norway). MARIA S. MERIAN-Berichte, MSM55, 58 pp., DFG-Senatskommission für Ozeanographie.


-- 2016 --

Baum D, Titschack J (2016) Cavity and Pore Segmentation in 3D Images with Ambient Occlusion. EuroVis 2016 - Short Papers:113-117.

Benedix G, Jacob DE, Lotz BH, Martha SO, Matsuyama K, Morales LFG, Neu C & Scholz J (2016) Bryozoen als Architekten. Natur Forschung Museum 146:14-19.

Beuck L, Aguilar R, Fabri M, Freiwald A, Gofas S, Hebbeln D, López Correa M, Ramos Martos A, Ramil F, Sánchez Delgado F, Taviani M, Wienberg C, Wisshak M & Zibrowius H (2016) Biotope characterisation and compiled geographical distribution of the deepwater oyster Neopycnodonte zibrowii in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Rapp. Comm. int. Mer Médit. 41:462

Buatois LA, Wisshak M, Wilson MA & Mángano MG (2017) Categories of architectural designs in trace fossils: A measure of ichnodisparity. Earth-Science Reviews 164:102-181.

Färber C, Wisshak M, Titschack J, Schönberg CHL & Freiwald A (2016) Spatio-temporal variability of bioerosion in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, 41st CIESM Congress Kiel, Germany, 12.-16. September 2016.

Färber C, Titschack J, Schönberg CHL, Ehrig K, Boos K, Baum D, Illerhaus B, Asgaard U, Bromley RG, Freiwald A & Wisshak M (2016) Long-term macrobioerosion in the Mediterranean Sea assessed by micro-computed tomography. Biogeosciences 13:3461-3474

Göcke C, Hestetun JT, Uhlir C, Freiwald A, Beuck L & Janussen D (2016) Cladorhiza corallophila sp. nov., a new carnivorous sponge (Cladorhizidae, Demospongiae) living in close association with Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata (Scleractinia). Zootaxa 4168:512-524.

Irion G, Nunes GM, Nunes-da-Cunha C, Cezarine de Arruda E, Santos-Tambelini M, Pereira Dias A, Onofre Morais J, Junk WJ (2016) Araguaia River Floodplain: Size, Age, and Mineral Composition of a Large Tropical Savanna. Wetlands 36:945-956.

Macpherson E, Beuck L & Freiwald A (2016) Some species of Munidopsis from the Gulf of Mexico, Florida Straits and Caribbean Sea (Decapoda: Munidopsidae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 4137:405-416.

Sampaio Í, Stokvis FR & Van Ofwegen LP (2016) New name for the soft coral Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 (Alcyonacea, Alcyoniidae): Alcyonium burmedju nom. n. ZooKeys 619:163-165.

Seuss B, Wisshak M, Mapes RH, Hembree DI & Landman NH (2016) Microbial bioerosion of erratic sub-fossil Nautilus shells in a karstic cenote (Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia). Ichnos 23:108-115.

Taviani M, Angeletti L, Beuck L, Campiani E, Canese S, Foglini F, et al. (2016) On and off the beaten track: Megafaunal sessile life and Adriatic cascading processes. Marine Geology 375:146-160.

Wienberg C, Titschack J (2016). Framework-forming scleractinian cold-water corals through space and time: A late Quaternary North Atlantic perspective. In: Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas C (eds) Marine Animal Forests: the Ecology of Benthic Biodiversity Hotspots. Springer, p. 35

Titschack J, Fink HG, Baum D, Wienberg C, Hebbeln D, Freiwald A (2016) Mediterranean cold-water corals – an important regional carbonate factory? The Depositional Record 2:74-96.



Ávila SP, Ramalho RS, Habermann JM, Quartau R, Kroh A, Berning B, Johnson M, Kirby MX, Zanon V, Titschack J, Goss A, Rebelo AC, Melo C, Madeira P, Cordeiro R, Meireles RP, Bagaço L, Hipólito A, Uchman A, Silva CM, Cachão M & Madeira J (2015) Palaeoecology, taphonomy, and preservation of a lower Pliocene shell bed (coquina) from a volcanic oceanic island (Santa Maria Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 430:57-73

Berning B, Ávila S, Wisshak M & Ramalho R (2015) Janz weit draußen: die Karbonate nicht-tropischer ozeanischer Inseln. GMIT 60:6-17

Färber C, Wisshak M, Pyko I, Bellou N, Freiwald A (2015) Effects of Water Depth, Seasonal Exposure, and Substrate Orientation on Microbial Bioerosion in the Ionian Sea (Eastern Mediterranean). Plos One 10:e0126495

 Matsuyama K, Titschack J, Baum D, Freiwald A (2015) Two new species of erect Bryozoa (Gymnolaemata: Cheilostomata) and the application of non-destructive imaging methods for quantitative taxonomy. Zootaxa 4020:81-100

Martha SO, Matsuyama K, Taylor PD, Scholz J (2015). On rediscovered types of Santonian cheilostome bryozoans described by Ehrhard Voigt (1924, 1930) from the Subhercynian Cretaceous Basin and its surroundings. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 89, 689-706

Markert A, Matsuyama K, Rohde S, Schupp P, Wehrmann A (accepted) First record of the non-native Pacific bryozoan Smittoidea prolifica Osburn, 1952 at the German North Sea coast. Marine Biodiversity

Neumann C, Wisshak M, Aberhan M, Girod P, Rösner T, Bromley R (2015) Centrichnus eccentricus revisited: A new view on anomiid bivalve bioerosion. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 60:539-549 [Editors Choice]

 Sakai K, Türkay M, Beuck L, Freiwald A (2015) A collection of the Infraorder Callianassidea (Decapoda, Pleocyemata) with one new genus and five new species from the Eastern Atlantic off Mauritania (R/V Maria S. Merian cruise MSM 16/3 “PHAETON”). Marine Biodiversity 45:113-133

Seuss B, Wisshak M, Mapes RH, Hembree DI & Landman NH (in press) Microbial bioerosion of erratic sub-fossil Nautilus shells in a karstic cenote (Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia). Ichnos

Seuss B, Hembree DI, Wisshak M, Mapes RH & Landman NH (2015) Taphonomy of backshore versus deep-marine collected Nautilus macromphalus conchs (New Caledonia). Palaios 30:503513

Seuss B, Wisshak M, Mapes RH, Landman NH (2015) Syn-Vivo Bioerosion of Nautilus by Endo- and Epilithic Foraminiferans (New Caledonia and Vanuatu). Plos One 10:e0125558

Taviani M, Angeletti L, Beuck L, Campiani E, Canesed S, Foglini F, Freiwald A, Montagna A, & Trincardia F (2015) On and off the beaten track: Megafaunal sessile life and Adriatic cascading processes. Marine Geology 369:273-287

Titschack J, Baum D, De Pol Holz R, Lopéz Correa M, Flögel S, Hebbeln D & Freiwald A (2015) Aggradation and carbonate accumulation of Holocene Norwegian cold-water coral reefs. Sedimentology 62:1873-1898

Wehrmann LM, Titschack J, Böttcher ME & Ferdelman TG (2015) Linking sedimentary sulfur and iron biogeochemistry to growth patterns of a cold-water coral mound in the Porcupine Basin, S.W. Ireland (IODP Expedition 307). Geobiology 13:424-442

Wisshak M, Berning B, Jakobsen J & Freiwald A (2015) Temperate carbonate production: Biodiversity of calcareous epiliths from intertidal to bathyal depths (Azores). Marine Biodiversity 45:87-112

Wisshak M, Kroh, A, Bertling M, Knaust D, Nielsen JK, Jagt JWM, Neumann, C & Nielsen KSS (2015) In defence of an iconic ichnogenus - Oichnus Bromley, 1981. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 85:445-451



Eisele M, Frank N, Wienberg C, Titschack J, Mienis F, Beuck L, Tisnerat-Laborde N, Hebbeln D (2014) Sedimentation patterns on a cold-water coral mound off Mauritania. Deep Sea Research II 99:316-326

Fabri MC, Pedel L, Beuck L, Galgani F, Hebbeln D, Freiwald A (2014) Megafauna of vulnerable marine ecosystems in French Mediterranean submarine canyons: Spatial distribution and anthropogenic impacts. Deep-Sea Research II 104: 184-207

Golubic S, Radtke G, Campbell S, Lee S-J, Vogel K, Wisshak M (2014) The complex fungal microboring trace Saccomorpha stereodiktyon isp. nov. reveals the growth strategy of its maker. Ichnos 21:100-110

Hebbeln D, Wienberg C, Wintersteller P, Freiwald A, Becker M, Beuck L, Dullo C, Eberli GP, Glogowski S, Matos L, Forster N, Reyes-Bonilla H, Taviani M (2014) Environmental forcing of the Campeche cold-water coral province, southern Gulf of Mexico. Biogeosciences 11:1799-1815

Martha SO, Taylor PD, Matsuyama K, Scholz J (2014) A brief history of misidentification and missing links: the Jurassic cyclostome Kololophos Gregory, 1896 and a new genus from the Cretaceous. Studi trentini di scienze naturali 94:169-179.

Matsuyama K, Janssen A, Martínez Arbizu P, Martha SO, Freiwald A (2014) Bryozoans from RV Sonne deep-sea cruises SO 167 ‘Louisville’ and SO 205 ‘Mangan’. Zootaxa 3856:100-116

Montagna M, McCulloch M, Douville E, López Correa M, Trotter J, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Dissard D, Ferrier-Pagès, Frank N, Freiwald A, Goldstein S, Mazzoli C, Reynaud S, Rüggeberg A, Russo S, Taviani M (2014) Li/Mg systematics in scleractinian corals: calibration of the thermometer. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132:288-310

Neumann C, Wisshak M, Aberhan M, Girod P, Rösner T, Bromley R (online) Centrichnus eccentricus revisited: A new view on anomiid bivalve bioerosion. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Sakai K, Türkay M, Beuck L, Freiwald A (online) A collection of the Infraorder Callianassidea (Decapoda, Pleocyemata) with one new genus and five new species from the Eastern Atlantic off Mauritania (R/V Maria S. Merian cruise MSM 16/3 “PHAETON”). Marine Biodiversity

Savini A, Vertino A, Marchese F, Beuck L, Freiwald A (2014) Mapping cold-water coral habitats at different scales within the northern Ionian Sea (Central Mediterranean): An assessment of coral coverage and associated vulnerability. Plos One 9:e87108

Schönberg CHL, Wisshak M (2014) Marine Bioerosion. In: Goffredo S, Dubinsky Z (eds) The Mediterranean Sea: Its History and Present Challenges. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 449-461

Teichert S, Freiwald A (2014) Polar coralline algal CaCO3-production rates correspond to intensity and duration of the solar radiation. Biogeosciences 11:833-842

Teichert S, Woelkerling W, Rüggeberg A, Wisshak M, Piepenburg D, Meyerhöfer M, Form A & Freiwald A (2014) Arctic rhodolith beds and their environmental controls (Spitsbergen, Norway). Facies 60:15-37

Thuy B, Kiel S, Dulai A, Gale AS, Kroh A, Lord AR, Numberger-Thuy LD, Stöhr S, Wisshak M (2014) First glimpse into Lower Jurassic deep-sea biodiversity: in situ diversification and resilience against extinction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20132624.

Wisshak M, Berning B, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (online) Temperate carbonate production: Biodiversity of calcareous epiliths from intertidal to bathyal depths (Azores). Marine Biodiversity

Wisshak M, Schönberg CHL, Form A, Freiwald A (2014) Sponge bioerosion accelerated by ocean acidification across species and latitudes? Helgoland Marine Research 68:253-262

Wisshak M, Alexandrakis E, Hoppenrath M (2014) The diatom attachment scar Ophthalmichnus lyolithon igen. et isp. n. Ichnos 21:111-118 


Wisshak M, Schönberg CHL, Form A & Freiwald A (2013) Effects of ocean acidification and global warming on reef bioerosion – lessons from a clionaid sponge. Aquatic Biology 19:111-127

Wienberg C, Wintersteller P, Beuck L, Hebbeln D (2013) Coral Patch seamount (NE Atlantic) – a sedimentological and megafaunal reconnaissance based on video and hydroacoustic surveys. Biogeosciences 10:3421-3443

Titschack J, Joseph N, Fietzke J, Freiwald A, Bromley RG (2013) Record of a tectonically-controlled regression captured by changes in carbonate skeletal associations on a structured island shelf (mid-Pleistocene, Rhodes, Greece). Sedimentary Geology 283:15-33

Thierens M, Browning E, Pirlet H, Loutre M-F, Dorschel B, Huvenne VAI, Titschack J, Colin C, Foubert A, Wheeler AJ (2013) Cold-water coral carbonate mounds as unique palaeo-archives: the Plio-Pleistocene Challenger Mound record (NE Atlantic). Quaternary Science Reviews 73:14-30

Sanfilippo R, Vertino A, Rosso A, Beuck L, Freiwald A, Taviani M (2013)  Serpula aggregates and their role in deep-sea coral communities in the southern Adriatic Sea. Facies 59:663-677

Raddatz J, Liebetrau V, Rüggeberg A, Hathorne E, Krabbenhöft A, Eisenhauer A, Böhm F, Vollstaedt H, Fietzke J, López Correa M, Freiwald A, Dullo W Chr (2013) Stable Sr-isotope, Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca, Li/Ca and Mg/Li ratios in the scleractinian cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa. Chemical Geology 352:143-152

Marali S, Wisshak M, López Correa M, Freiwald A (2013) Skeletal microstructure and stable isotope signature of three bathyal solitary cold-water corals from the Azores.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 373:35-38

Joseph N, López Correa M, Schönfeld J, Rüggeberg A, Freiwald A (2013) Sub-arctic Holocene climatic and oceanographic variability in Stjernsund, northern Norway: evidence from benthic foraminifera and stable isotopes
Boreas 42:511-531

Barnich R, Beuck L, Freiwald A (2013) Scale worms (Polychaeta: Aphroditiformia) associated with cold-water corals in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93:2129-2143

Wisshak M, Schönberg CHL, Form A & Freiwald A (2013) Effects of ocean acidification and global warming on reef bioerosion – lessons from a clionaid sponge. Aquatic Biology 19:111-127

Kennedy E, Perry CT, Halloran PR, Iglesias-Prieto R, Schönberg CHL, Wisshak M, Form AU, Carricart-Ganivet JP, Fine M, Eakin CM, Mumby PJ (2013) Avoiding coral reef functional collapse requires local and global action. Current Biology 23:912-918 



Addamo AM, Reimer JD, Taviani M, Freiwald A, Machordom A (2012) Desmophyllum dianthus (Esper, 1794) in the scleractinian phylogeny and its intraspecific diversity. Plos One 7:e50215.

Fink HG, Wienberg C, Hebbeln D, McGregor HV, Schmiedl G, Taviani M, Freiwald A (2012) Oxygen control on Holocene cold-water coral development in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part I 62:89-96

López Correa M, Montagna P, Joseph N, Rüggeberg A, Fietzke J, Flögel S, Dorschel B, Goldstein SL, Wheeler A, Freiwald A (2012) Preboreal onset of Norwegian cold-water coral growth beyond the Arctic Circle revealed by radiocarbon and U-series dating and neodymium isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews 34:24-43

McCulloch M, Trotter J, Montagna P, Falter J, Dunbar R, Freiwald A, Försterra G, López Correa M, Maier C, Rüggeberg A, Taviani M (2012) Resilience of cold-water scleractinian corals to ocean acidification: Boron isotopic systematics of pH and saturation state up-regulation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 87: 21-34.

Schönberg CHL, Wisshak M (2012) The perks of being endolithic. Aquatic Biology 17:1-5

Seuss B, Titschack J, Seifert S, Neubauer J, Nützel A (2012) Oxygen and carbon stable isotopes from a nautiloid from the middle Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous) impregnation Lagerstätte ‘Buckhorn Asphalt Quarry’ - primary paleo-environmental signals versus diagenesis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 319/320:1-15

Teichert S, Woelkerling W, Rüggeberg A, Wisshak M, Piepenburg D, Meyerhöfer M, Form A, Büdenbender J and Freiwald A (2012) Rhodolith beds (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) and their physical and biological environment at 80°31'N in Nordkappbukta (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway). Phycologia 51:371-390

Thierens M, Pirlet H, Colin C, Latruwe K, Vanhaecke F, Lee J, Stuut J-B, Titschack J, Huvenne VAI, Dorschel B, Wheeler AJ, Henriet J-P (2012) Ice-rafting from the British-Irish ice sheet since the earliest Pleistocene (2.6 million years ago): implications for long-term mid-latitudinal ice-sheet growth in the North Atlantic region. Quaternary Science Reviews. 44: 229-240

Wisshak M (2012) Microbioerosion. Chapter 8 In: Knaust D, Bromley R (eds) Trace Fossils as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments. Developments in Sedimentology 64, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 213-243

Wisshak M, Schönberg CHL, Form A, Freiwald A (2012) Ocean acidification accelerates reef bioerosion. PLoS ONE 7: e45124.


 Eisele M, Frank N, Wienberg C, Hebbeln D, López Correa M, Douville E, Freiwald A (2011) Productivity controlled cold-water coral growth periods during the last glacial off Mauritania. Marine Geology 280:143-149

Frank N, Freiwald A, López Correa M, Eisele M, Hebbeln D, Wienberg C, van Rooij D, Henriet J P, Colin C, van Weering TCE, de Haas H, Buhl Mortensen P, Roberts M, de Mol B, Douville E, Blamart D, Hatte C (2011) Northeastern Atlantic cold water coral reefs and climate. Geology 39:743-746

Frank T, Titschack J, Thierens M (2011) Aragonite loss in a cold-water coral mound: mechanisms and implications. Sedimentology 58:670-690

Kuechler RR, Birgel D, Kiel S, Freiwald A, Goedert J, Thiel V, Peckmann J (2011) Miocene methane-derived carbonates from southwestern Washington, USA and a model for silification at seeps. Lethaia 45:259-273

Rüggeberg A, Flögel S, Dullo W-C, Hissmann K, Freiwald A (2011) Water mass characteristics and sill dynamics in a subpolar cold-water coral reef setting at Stjernsund, northern Norway. Marine Geology 282:5-12

Schönfeld J, Dullo W-C, Pfannkuche O, Freiwald A, Rüggeberg A, Schmidt S, Weston J (2011) Recent benthic foraminiferal assemblages from cold-water coral mounds in the Porcupine Seabight. Facies 57:187-213

Titschack J, Goetz-Neunhoeffer F, Neubauer J (2011) Mg quantification in calcites [(Ca Mg)CO3] by Rietveld-based XRD analysis – Revisiting a well-established method. American Mineralogist 96:1028-1038

Wisshak M, Tribollet A, Golubic S, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2011) Temperate bioerosion: Ichno- and biodiversity from intertidal to bathyal depths (Azores). Geobiology 9:492-520


 Beuck L, Freiwald A, Taviani M (2010) Spatiotemporal bioerosion patterns in deep-water scleractinians from off Santa Maria di Leuca (Apulia, Ionian Sea). Deep-Sea Research II 57:458-470

Copard K, Colin C, Douville E, Freiwald A, Gudmundsson G, De Mol B, Frank N (2010) Nd isotopes in deep-sea corals in the North-eastern Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews 29:2499-2508

Heindel K, Titschack J, Dorschel B, Huvenne VAI, Freiwald A (2010) The sediment composition and predictive mapping of facies on the Propeller Mound - A cold-water coral mound (Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic). Continental Shelf Research 30:1814-1829

Hübscher C, Dullo W.-C, Flögel S, Titschack J, Schönfeld J (2010) Contourite drift evolution and related coral growth in the eastern Gulf of Mexico and its gateways. International Journal of Earth Science 99 (Suppl. 1):191-206

Maier E, Titschack J (2010) Spondylus gaederopus: a new Mediterranean climate archive - based on high-resolution oxygen and carbon isotope analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 291:228-238

Titschack J, Zuschin M, Spötl C, Baal C (2010) The giant oyster Hyotissa hyotis from the northern Red Sea as a decadal-scale archive for seasonal environmental fluctuations in coral reef habitats. Coral Reefs 29:1061-1075

Thierens M, Titschack J, Dorschel B, Huvenne VAI, Wheeler AJ, Stuut J-B, O'Donnell R (2010) The 2.6 Ma depositional sequence from the Challenger cold-water coral carbonate mound (IODP Exp. 307): Sediment contributors and hydrodynamic palaeo-environments. Marine Geology 271:260-277

Van Rooij D, De Mol L, Le Guilloux L, Wisshak M, Huvenne VAI, Moeremans R, Henriet J-P (2010) Environmental setting of deep-sea oysters in the Bay of Biscay. Deep-Sea Research I 57:1561-1572

Westphal H, Halfar J, Freiwald A (2010) Heterozoan carbonates in subtropical to tropical settings in the present and in the past. International Journal of Earth Sciences 99 Supplement 1:S153-S169

Wisshak M, Form A, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2010) Temperate carbonate cycling and water mass properties from intertidal to bathyal depths (Azores). Biogeosciences 7:3279-2396

Wisshak M, Jantschke H (2010) Im Höhlenruinenniveau der Reiteralm (Berchtesgadener Alpen)? Beibelkareishöhle (1337/42) und Prünzlkopfhöhle (1337/57). Die Höhle 201:39-47


Freiwald A, Beuck L, Rüggeberg A, Taviani M, Hebbeln D (2009) The white coral community in the central Mediterranean Sea revealed by ROV surveys. Oceanography 22: 58-74.

Heindel K, Westphal H & Wisshak M (2009) Data report: bioerosion in the reef framework, IODP Expedition 310 off Tahiti (Tiarei, Maraa, and Faaa sites). Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Volume 310

Heindel K, Wisshak M & Westphal H (2009) Microbioerosion in Tahitian reefs: A record of environmental change during the last deglacial sea-level rise (IODP #310). Lethaia 42:322-340

Neumann C, Wisshak M (2009) Gastropod parasitism on Late Cretaceous to Early Paleocene holasteroid echinoids - evidence from Oichnus halo isp. n. Palaeontology, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Taviani M, Angeletti L, Dimech M, Mifsud C, Freiwald A, Harasewych MG, Oliverio M (2009) Coralliophilinae (Gastropoda: Muricidae) associated with deep-water coral banks in the Mediterranean. The Nautilus 123: 106-112.

Titschack J, Radtke U, Freiwald A (2009) Dating and characterization of polymorphic transformation of aragonite to calcite in Pleistocene bivalves from Rhodes (Greece) by combined shell microstructure, stable isotope, and electron spin resonance study. Journal of Sedimentary Research 79: 332-346.

Titschack J, Thierens M, Dorschel B, Schulbert C, Freiwald A, Kano A, Takashima C, Kawagoe N, Li X, party aIEs (2009) Carbonate budget of a cold-water coral mound (Challenger Mound, IODP Exp. 307). Marine Geology 259: 36-46.

Weaver PPE, Boetius A, Danovaro R, Freiwald A, Gunn V, Heussner S, Morato T, Schewe I, van den Howe S (2009) The future of integrated deep-sea Research in Europe—The HERMIONE Project. Oceanography 22: 177-191.

Wienberg C, Hebbeln D, Fink HG, Mienis F, Dorschel B, Vertino A, López Correa M, Freiwald A (2009) Scleractinian cold-water corals in the Gulf of Cádiz—First clues about their spatial and temporal distribution. Deep-Sea Research I 56: 1873-1893.

Wisshak M, López Correa M, Gofas S, Salas C, Taviani M, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2009) Shell architecture, element composition, and stable isotope signature of the giant deep-sea oyster Neopycnodonte zibrowii sp. n. from the NE Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research I 66: 374-407.

Wisshak M, López Correa M, Zibrowius H, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2009) Skeletal reorganisation affects geochemical signals, exemplified in the stylasterid hydrocoral Errina dabneyi (Azores Archipelago). Marine Ecology Progress Series 397: 197-208.

Wisshak M, Neumann C, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2009) The 'living-fossil community' of the cyrtocrinoid Cyathidium foresti and the deep-sea oyster Neopycnodonte zibrowii (Azores Archipelago). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 271: 77-83.

Wisshak M, Neumann C, Jakobsen J, Freiwald A (2009) Reply to the Comment on "The ‘living-fossil community’ of the cyrtocrinoid Cyathidium foresti and the deep-sea oyster Neopycnodonte zibrowii (Azores Archipelago). [Palaeontology Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 271:77-83]". Palaeontology, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 279:235-236


Beuck L, Wisshak M, Munnecke A, Freiwald A (2008) A giant boring in a Silurian stromatoporoid analysed by computer tomography. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53: 149-160.

Beuck L, López Correa M, Freiwald A (2008) Biogeographical distribution of Hyrrokkin (Rosalinidae, Foraminifera) and its host-specific morphological and textural trace variability In: Wisshak M, Tapanila L (eds) Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 329-360.

Birgel D, Himmler T, Freiwald A, Peckmann J (2008) A new constraint on the antiquity of anaerobic oxidation of methane: Late Pennsylvanian seep limestones from southern Namibia. Geology 36: 543-546.

Davies AJ, Wisshak M, Orr JC & Roberts JM (2008) Predicting suitable habitat for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia). Deep-Sea Res I 55:1048-1062

Himmler T, Freiwald A, Stollhofen H, Peckmann J (2008) Late Carboniferous hydrocarbon-seep carbonates from the glaciomarine Dwyka Group, southern Namibia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 257: 185-197.

Montagna P, López Correa M, Rüggeberg A, McCulloch M, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Dullo W-C, Ferrier-Pagès C, Freiwald A, Henderson GM, Mazzoli C, Russo S, Silenzi S, Taviani M (2008) Coral Li/Ca in micro-structural domains as a temperature proxy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 72: A645.

Neumann C, Wisshak M & Bromley R (2008) Boring a mobile domicile: an alternative to the conchicolous life habit. In: Wisshak M & Tapanila L (eds) Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 307-328

Reveillaud J, Freiwald A, Van Rooij D, Le Guilloux E, Altuna A, Foubert A, Vanreusel A, Olu-Le Roy K, Henriet J-P (2008) The distribution of scleractinian corals in the Bay of Biscay, NE Atlantic. Facies 54: 317-331.

Rüggeberg A, Fietzke J, Liebetrau V, Eisenhauer A, Dullo W-C, Freiwald A (2008) Stable strontium isotopes (d88/86Sr) in cold-water corals— a new proxy for reconstruction of intermediate ocean water temperatures. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 269: 569-574.

Titschack J, Nelson CS, Beck T, Freiwald A (2008) Sedimentary evolution of a Late Pleistocene temperate red algal reef (Coralligène) on Rhodes, Greece: correlation with global sea-level fluctuations. Sedimentology 55: 1747-1776.

Volohonsky E, Wisshak M, Blomeier D, Seilacher A & Snigirevsky S (2008) A new helical trace fossil from the Lower Devonian of Spitsbergen (Svalbard) and its palaeoenvironmental significance. Palaeontology, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 267:17-20

Wienberg C, Beuck L, Heidkamp S, Hebbeln D, Freiwald A, Pfannkuche O, Monteys X (2008) Franken Mound: facies and biocoenoses on a newly-discovered "carbonate mound" on the western Rockall Bank, NE Atlantic. Facies 54: 1-24.

Wisshak M & Jantschke, H (2008) Exceptional preservation of Upper Jurassic trace fossils in a modern cave (Mühlbachquellhöhle, S-Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 249:75-85

Wisshak M (2008) Two new dwarf Entobia ichnospecies in a diverse aphotic ichnocoenosis (Pleistocene / Rhodes, Greece). In: Wisshak M & Tapanila L (eds) Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 213-234

Wisshak M, Seuß B & Nützel A (2008) Evolutionary implications of an exceptionally preserved Carboniferous microboring assemblage in the Buckhorn Asphalt Lagerstätte (Oklahoma, USA). In: Wisshak M & Tapanila L (eds) Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp 21-54


Beuck L, Vertino A, Stepina E, Karolczak M, Pfannkuche O (2007) Skeletal response of Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) to bioeroding sponge infestation visualised with micro-computed tomography. Facies

Bromley RG, Wisshak M, Glaub I & Botquelen A (2007) Ichnotaxonomic review of dendriniform borings attributed to foraminiferans: Semidendrina igen. nov. In: Miller III W (ed) Trace fossils: concepts, problems, prospects. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 518-530

Kiriakoulakis K, Freiwald A, Fisher E, Wolff GA (2007) Organic matter quality and supply to deep-water coral/mound systems of the NW European continental margin. International Journal of Earth Sciences 96: 159-170.

Noé S, Lembke-Jene L, Reveillaud J, Freiwald A (2007) Microstructure, growth banding and age determination of a primnoid gorgonian skeleton (Octocorallia) from the late Younger Dryas to earliest Holocene of the Bay of Biscay. Facies 53: 177-188.

Schönberg CHL, Beuck L (2007) Where Topsent went wrong: Aka infesta a.k.a. Aka labyrinthica (Demospongiae: Phloeodictyidae) and implications for other Aka spp. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K.  87: 1459-1476

Wheeler AJ, Beyer A, Freiwald A, de Haas H, Huvenne VAI, Kozachenko M, Olu-Le Roy K, Opderbecke J (2007) Morphology and environment of cold-water coral carbonate mounds on the NE European margin. International Journal of Earth Sciences 96: 37-57.


Guinotte JM, Orr J, Cairns S, Freiwald A, Morgan L, George R (2006) Will human-induced changes in seawater chemistry alter the distribution of deep-sea scleractinian corals? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 141-146.

Neumann C, Wisshak M (2006) A foraminiferal parasite on the sea urchin Echinocorys: Ichnological evidence from the Late Cretaceous (Lower Maastrichtian, Northern Germany). Ichnos 13:185-190

Noé S, Titschack J, Freiwald A, Dullo W-C (2006) From sediment ro rock: diagenetic processes of hardground formation in deep-water carbonate mounds of the NE Atlantic. Facies 52: 183-208.

Roberts JM, Wheeler AJ, Freiwald A (2006) Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science 312: 543-547.

Wisshak M, Porter D (2006) The new ichnogenus Flagrichnus – a palaeoenvironmental indicator for cold-water settings? Ichnos 13:135-145

Wisshak M, Neumann C (2006) A symbiotic association of a boring polychaete and an echinoid from the Late Cretaceous of Germany. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51:589-597

Wisshak M, Rüggeberg A (2006) Colonisation and bioerosion of experimental substrates by benthic foraminiferans from euphotic to aphotic depths (Kosterfjord, SW-Sweden). Facies 52:1-17



Beuck L, Freiwald A (2005) Bioerosion patterns in a deep-water Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) thicket (Propeller Mound, northern Porcupine Seabight) In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 915-936.

Costello MJ, McCrea M, Freiwald A, Lundälv T, Jonsson L, Bett BJ, van Weering TCE, de Haas H, Roberts JM, Allen D (2005) Role of cold-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs as fish habitat in the NE Atlantic In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 771-805.

Dorschel B, Hebbeln D, Rüggeberg A, Dullo W-C, Freiwald A (2005) Growth and erosion of a cold-water coral covered carbonate mound in the Northeast Atlantic during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 233: 33-44.

Försterra G, Beuck L, Häussermann V, Freiwald A (2005) Shallow-water Desmophyllum dianthus (Scleractinia) from Chile: characteristics of the biocoenoses, the bioeroding community, heterotrophic interactions and (Paleo)-bathymetric implications In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 937-977.

Kiriakoulakis K, Fisher E, Wolff GA, Freiwald A, Grehan A, Roberts JM (2005) Lipids and nitrogen isotopes of two deep-water corals from the North-East Atlantic: initial results and implications for their nutrition In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 715-729.

Könnecker G, Freiwald A (2005) Plectroninia celtica n.sp. (Calcarea, Minchinellidae), a new species of "pharetronid" sponge from bathyal depths in the northern Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic. Facies 51: 53-59.

López Correa M, Freiwald A, Hall-Spencer J, Taviani M (2005) Distribution and habitats of Acesta excavata (Bivalvia: Limidae) with new data on its shell ultrastructure In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 173-205.

Schröder-Ritzrau A, Freiwald A, Mangini A (2005) U/Th-dating of deep-water corals from the eastern North Atlantic and the western Mediterranean Sea In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 157-172.

Taviani M, Remia A, Corselli C, Freiwald A, Malinverno E, Mastrototaro F, Savini A, Tursi A (2005) First geo-marine survey of living cold-water Lophelia reefs in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean basin). Facies 50: 409-417.

Taviani M, Freiwald A, Zibrowius H (2005) Deep coral growth in the Mediterranean Sea: an overview In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 137-156.

Titschack J, Freiwald A (2005) Growth, deposition, and facies of Pleistocene bathyal coral communities from Rhodes, Greece In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 41-59.

Titschack J, Bromley RG, Freiwald A (2005) Plio-Pleistocene cliff-bound, wedge-shaped, warm-temperate carbonate deposits from Rhodes (Greece): sedimentology and facies. Sedimentary Geology 180: 29-56.

Wisshak M, Freiwald A, Lundälv T, Gektidis M (2005 The physical niche of the bathyal Lophelia pertusa in a non-bathyal setting: environmental controls and palaeoecological implications In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, pp 979-1001.

Wisshak M, Gektidis M, Freiwald A, Lundälv T (2005) Bioerosion along a bathymetric gradient in a cold-temperate setting (Kosterfjord, SW Sweden): an experimental study. Facies 51: 93-117.


Mienert J, Weaver PPE, Berné S, Dullo W-C, Evans D, Freiwald A, Henriet J-P, Joergensen BB, Lericolas G, Lykousis V, Parkes J, Trincardi F, Westbrook G (2004) Dynamics and evolution of European margins. Oceanography 17: 12-29.

Weaver PPE, Billett DSM, Boetius A, Danovaro R, Freiwald A, Sibuet M (2004) Hotspot ecosystem research on Europe's deep-ocean margins. Oceanography 17: 132-143.

Wisshak M, Volohonsky E, Blomeier D (2004) Acanthodian fish trace fossils from the Early Devonian of Spitsbergen. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49:629-634

Wisshak M, Volohonsky E, Freiwald A, Seilacher A (2004) A trace fossil assemblage from fluvial Old Red deposits (Wood Bay Formation; Lower to Middle Devonian) of NW-Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Lethaia 37:149-163


Blomeier D, Wisshak M, Dallmann W, Volohonsky  & Freiwald A (2003) Facies analysis of the Old Red Sandstone of Spitsbergen (Wood Bay Formation): Reconstruction of the depositional environments and implications of basin development. Facies 49:151-174

Blomeier D, Wisshak M, Joachimski M, Freiwald A, Volohonsky E (2003) Calcareous, alluvial and lacustrine deposits in the Old Red Sandstone of central north Spitsbergen (Wood Bay Formation, Early Devonian). Norwegian Journal of Geology 83:281-298.

Schäfer P, Freiwald A, Meyer J, Miketta P, Nadzeika U (2003) Ice-floe induced sedimentation during extreme winters: a case study from the Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea. Meyniana 55: 73-90.


Freiwald A, Hühnerbach V, Lindberg B, Wilson JB, Campbell J (2002) The Sula Reef complex, Norwegian Shelf. Facies 47: 179-200.

Freiwald A (2002) Reef-forming cold-water corals In: Wefer G, Billett D, Hebbeln D, Jørgensen BB, Schlüter M, van Weering TCE (eds) Ocean Margin Systems. Springer, pp 365-385.

Sorauf JE, Freiwald A (2002) Skeletal structure in the rugosan genus Calophyllum from Permian strata of Timor: Comparison with the living deep water coral Lophelia pertusa. Coral Research Bulletin 7: 191-207.

—2001 -- 1990—

Andruleit H, Freiwald A, Schäfer P (1996) Bioclastic carbonate sediments on the southwestern Svalbard Shelf. Marine Geology 134: 163-182.

Cuif JP, Dauphin Y, Freiwald A, Gautret P, Zibrowius H (1999) Biochemical markers of zooxanthellae symbiosis in soluble matrices of skeleton of 24 Scleractinia species. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 123: 269-278.

Freiwald A (1990) Insekten aus der Fur-Formation von Dänemark (Molder, ob. Paleozän / unt. Eozän ?) 4. Tipulidae. Meyniana 42: 47-63.

Freiwald A (1991) Insekten aus der Fur-Formation von Dänemark (Molder, ob. Paleozän / unt. Eozän ?) 5. Cylindrotomidae. Meyniana 42: 97-123.

Freiwald A (1993) Coralline algal maerl frameworks - Islands within the phaeophytic kelp belt. Facies 29: 133-148.

Freiwald A (1995) Bacteria-induced carbonate degradation: a taphonomic case study of Cibicides lobatulus from a high-boreal carbonate setting. Palaios 10: 337-346.

Freiwald A (1995) Sedimentological and biological aspects in the formation of branched rhodoliths in northern Norway. Beiträge zur Paläontologie Österreichs 20: 7-19.

Freiwald A (1998) Microbial maceration and carbonate dissolution on cold-temperate shelves. Historical Biology 13: 27-35.

Freiwald A (1998) Modern nearshore cold-temperate calcareous sediments in the Troms District, northern Norway. Journal of Sedimentary Research 68: 763-776.

Freiwald A, Henrich R (1994) Reefal coralline algal build-ups within the Arctic Circle: morphology and sedimentary dynamics under extreme environmental seasonality. Sedimentology 41: 963-984.

Freiwald A, Henrich R, Pätzold J (1997) Anatomy of a deep-water coral reef mound from Stjernsund, West-Finnmark, northern Norway In: James NP, Clarke JAD (eds) Cool-water carbonates. SEPM, Special Publication 56: 141-161.

Freiwald A, Henrich R, Schäfer P, Willkomm H (1991) The significance of high-boreal to subarctic maerl deposits in northern Norway to reconstruct Holocene climatic changes and sea level oscillations. Facies 25: 315-340.

Freiwald A, Krzeminski W (1990) Cylindrotomidae (Diptera, Tipulomorpha) from the Paleogene of Bolshaya Svetlovodnaya (Eastern Asiatic USSR). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 65: 339-345.

Freiwald A, Mortensen PB (2000) The first record of the deep-water coral Stenocyathus vermiformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (Scleractinia, Guyniidae) from Norwegian waters. Sarsia 85: 275-276.

Freiwald A, Mostafawi N (1998) Ostracods in a cold-temperate coastal environment, western Troms, northern Norway: sedimentary aspects and assemblages. Facies 38: 255-274.

Freiwald A, Schönfeld J (1996) Substrate pitting and boring pattern of Hyrrokkin sarcophaga Cedhagen, 1994 (Foraminifera) in a modern deep-water coral reef mound. Marine Micropaleontology 28: 199-207.

Freiwald A, Willmann R (1992) Insekten aus der Fur-Formation von Dänemark (Molder, ob. Paleozän / unt. Eozän ?) 7. Ptychopteridae. Meyniana 44: 179-187.

Freiwald A, Wilson JB (1998) Taphonomy of modern deep, cold-temperate water coral reefs. Historical Biology 13: 37-52.

Freiwald A, Wilson JB, Henrich R (1999) Grounding Pleistocene icebergs shape recent deep-water coral reefs. Sedimentary Geology 125: 1-8.

Gautret P, Cuif J-P, Freiwald A (1997) Composition of soluble mineralizing matrices in zooxanthellate and non-zooxanthellate scleractinian corals: biochemical assessment of photosynthetic metabolism through the study of a skeletal feature. Facies 36: 189-194

Henrich R, Freiwald A, Betzler CB, Bader B, Schäfer P, Samtleben C, Brachert TC, Wehrmann A, Zankl H, Kühlmann DHH (1995) Controls on modern carbonate sedimentation on warm-temperate to Arctic coasts, shelves and seamounts in the northern Hemisphere: implications for fossil counterparts. Facies 32: 71-108.

Henrich R, Freiwald A, Bickert T, Schäfer P (1997) Evolution of an Arctic open-shelf carbonate platform, Spitsbergen Bank (Barents Sea) In: James NP, Clarke JAD (eds) Cool-water carbonates. SEPM, Special Volume 56: 163-181.

Henrich R, Freiwald A, Wehrmann A, Schäfer P, Samtleben C, Zankl H (1996) Nordic cold-water carbonates: occurrences and controls. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie und Paläontologie Sb 2: 35-52.

Henrich R, Hartmann M, Reitner J, Schäfer P, Freiwald A, Steinmetz S, Dietrich P, Thiede J (1992) Facies belts and communities of the Arctic Vesterisbanken Seamount (Central Greenland Sea). Facies 27: 71-104.

Krzeminski W, Freiwald A (1991) Toxorhina (Ceratocheilus) caucasiensis , a new species from the Middle Miocene of Stavropol (northern Caucasus, USSR) (Diptera, Limoniidae). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 65: 153-155.

Wehrmann A, Freiwald A, Zankl H (1995) Formation of cold-temperate water multispecies rhodoliths in intertidal gravel pools from northern Brittany, France. Senckenbergiana maritima 26: 51-71.


Books and edited Books

 Freiwald A, Roberts JM (2005) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. (Editors) Erlangen Earth Conference Series, Springer Heidelberg, 1242 p.

Roberts JM, Wheeler A, Freiwald A, Cairns S (2009) Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats, Cambridge University Press, 352 p.

Wisshak M (2008) Inside Mother Earth - Magische Höhlenwelten, Magic Caves, Grottes Magiques. Edition Reuss, Aschaffenburg, 152 pp

Wisshak M & Tapanila L (eds) (2008) Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 500 pp

Wisshak M (2006) High-Latitude Bioerosion: The Kosterfjord Experiment. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 109, 202 pp

Menne B, Wisshak M & Wolf A (eds)(2005) Berchtesgadener Alpen. Höhle und Karst 2004/2005, Verband Deutscher Höhlen- und Karstforscher e.V. München, 237 pp

Scientific Reports and others

Wisshak M, Straub R, Jantschke H & López Correa M (2013) Das Eisrohrhöhle-Bammelschacht-System (Reiteralm, Berchtesgadener Alpen). Materialhefte zur Karst- und Höhlenkunde 21:1-110

Wisshak M, Straub R, Jantschke H & López Correa M (2013) 25 Jahre Exploration des Eisrohrhöhle-Bammelschacht-Systems (Reiteralm, Berchtesgadener Alpen, D). Die Höhle 46:90-105 

Freiwald A (2014) Kaltwasserkorallen - aus der Grundlagenforschung auf die politische Agenda. In: Senckenberg-Natur, Forschung und Museum 144: 6-17.

Beuck L (2013) Sonderausstellung "Meeresgründe" in Wilhelmshaven. In: Senckenberg-Natur, Forschung und Museum 143(5/6): 188-189.

Beuck L (2013) Juwelen der Tiefe - Kaltwasserkorallen. In: Senckenberg-Natur, Forschung und Museum 143(3/4): 118

Fabri M-C, Pedel L, Freiwald A, Madurell T (2011) Habitats particuliers des étages bathyal et abyssal (Med). In: Fabri M-C, Pedel L (eds) Biocénoses des fonds durs du bathyal et de l’abyssal / SRM MO. Initial Assessment for the Water Marine Framework Strategy.

Freiwald A (2011) Cold-water coral reefs. In: Hopley D (ed) Encyclopedia of modern coral reefs. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 225-229.

Freiwald A, Boetius A, Bohrmann G (2011) Deep water ecosystems of the Eastern Mediterranean, RV Meteor Cruise No. 70, Leg 1-3, September 24 – December 8, 2006, La Valetta (Malta) – Heraklion (Greece), Hamburg.

Schönfeld J, Bahr A, Bannert B, Bayer A-S, Bayer M, Beer C, Blanz T, Dullo W-C, Flögel S, Garlichs T, Haley B, Hübscher C, Joseph N, Kucera M, Langenbacher J, Nürnberg D, Ochsenhirt W-T, Petersen A, Pulm P, Titschack J, Troccoli L (2011) Surface and Intermediate Water hydrography, planktonic and benthic biota in the Caribbean Sea - Climate, Bio and Geosphere linkages (OPOKA). Cruise No. 78, Leg 1, February 22 - March 28, 2009, Colón (Panama) - Port of Spain (Trinidad and Tobago). MARUM, Bremen

Freiwald A, Beuck L (2011) Sind Kaltwasserkorallen durch den Klimawandel gefährdet? In: Lozán JL, Graßl H, Karbe L, Reise K (eds) Warnsignal Klima: Die Meere – Änderungen und Risiken, Wissenschaftliche Auswertungen, Hamburg, pp 220-224.

Schönberg CHL, Wisshak M (in press) Marine bioerosion. In: Capaccioni B, Picotti V (eds) The Mediterranean Sea: its history and present challenges. Springer.

Hebbeln D, Wienberg C, Beuck L, Dehning K, Dullo W-C, Eberli G, Freiwald A, Glogowski S, Garlichs T, Jansen F, Joseph N, Klann M, Matos L, Nowald N, Reyes H, Ruhland G, Taviani M, Wilke T, Wilsenack M, Wintersteller P (2012) West Atlantic cold-water coral ecosystems: The west side story. MSM Cruise No. 20, Leg 4. Maria S Merian-Berichte 20-4: 1-53.

Beck T, Metzger T, Freiwald A (2006) BIAS—Biodiversity Inventorial Atlas of macrobenthic seamount animals. OASIS Deliverable 25 Final Report: 1-124.

Freiwald A, Fosså JH, Grehan A, Koslow T, Roberts JM (2004) Cold-water coral reefs. UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series 22: 1-85.

Grehan AJ, Freiwald A, Consortium A (2001) The Atlantic Coral Ecosystem Study (ACES): Forging a new partnership between scientists and principal stakeholders In: Willison JHM, Hall J, Gass S, Kenchington ELR, Butler M, Doherty P (eds) Proceedings of the First International Symposium on deep-sea corals. Ecology Action Centre and Nova Scotia Museum, pp 95-105.

Taviani M, Freiwald A, Beuck L, Angeletti L, Remia A, Vertino A, Dimech M, Schembri PJ (2010) The deepest known occurrence of the precious red coral Corallium rubrum (L., 1758) in the Mediterranean Sea In: Bussoletti E, Cottingham D, Bruckner A, Roberts G, Sandulli R (eds) Proceedings of the International Workshop on Red Coral Science, Management, and Trade: Lessons from the Mediterranean. NOAA Technical Memorandum CRCP-13, pp 87-93.

Wienberg C, Beuck L, Coughlan M, Dimmler W, Eisele M, Freiwald A, Klann M, Ruhland G, Stone J (2010) Report and preliminary results of RV Poseidon Cruise POS 400 "CORICON - Cold-water corals along the Irish continental margin", Vigo-Cork, June 29 - July 15 2010. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen 275: 1-35.


populAr science Publications

Hebbeln D, Freiwald A (2012) Manche mögen's kalt und dunkel. In: Wefer G, Schmieder F, Freifrau von Neuhoff S (eds) Tiefsee Expeditionen zu den Quellen des Lebens, Rosenheim, pp 160-167.

Freiwald A
, Beuck L & Wisshak M (2012) Korallenriffe im kalten Wasser des Nordatlantiks –
Entstehung, Artenvielfalt und Gefährdung. In: Beck E (ed) Die Vielfalt des Lebens. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp 89-96

Hebbeln D, Freiwald A (2010) Manche mögen's kalt - Der europäische Korallengürtel von Norwegen bis ins Mittelmeer. In: Wefer G, Schmieder F (eds) Expedition Erde. Marum Bibliothek-verständliche Geowissenschaften, Bremen, pp 394-401.

Freiwald A (2007) Kein Eis rund um Spitzbergen. Uni Kurier Magazin 108: 66-67.

Freiwald A (2004) Kaltwasser-Karbonate und Tiefwasser-Riffe —eine geobiologische Herausforderung. GMIT 18: 8-14.

Freiwald A (2003) Korallengärten in kalten Tiefen. Spektrum der Wissenschaft 02/03: 56-63.

Freiwald A, Beuck L (2011). Sind Kaltwasserkorallen durch den Klimawandel gefährdet? In: Lozán, J.L., Graßl, H., Karbe, L., Reise, K. (eds.) Warnsignal Klima: Die Meere – Änderungen und Risiken: 183-188. Hamburg, Wiss. Auswertungen

Freiwald A, Beuck L (2011). Die hängenden Gärten von Linosa. In Jakobi N, Neuhoff H von, Springer B (eds) 25 jahre FS Meteor. Hauschild, pp. 108-111.

López Correa M, Bednorz A, Freiwald A (2007) Cold-water corals as climate archives in the ocean depths. SOMATOM Sessions 11/07: 52-54.

Roberts JM, Freiwald A (2005) Integrated European research into cold-water coral reefs. Current 21: 41-45.

Schmidt H, Freiwald A (1993) Rezente gesteinsbohrende Kleinorganismen des norwegischen Schelfs. Natur und Museum 123: 149-155.