Senckenberg German Entomological Institute Müncheberg

Diptera

SDEI Diptera.

 

 

Research Projects

FOSSIL AND RECENT SCIAROIDEA (DIPTERA) IN AUTOCHTONOUS WOODLANDS OF THE WORLD

Research on Diptera at Senckenberg is concentrated on selected groups, which mostly belong to the superfamily Sciaroidea in the infraorder Bibionomorpha. At the Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut (SDEI) the black fungus gnats (Sciaridae), gall midges (Cecidomyiidae), fungus gnats (Mycetophilidae) and the flies of unclear taxonomic affinity that resemble fungus gnats (Sciaroidea incertae sedis) are being investigated. Within the long-term research focus “Fossil and recent Sciaroidea in autochtonous woodlands of the world” three co-operative projects are running, with research themes planned until 2020.

PROJECT 1: SCIAROIDEA IN AMBER - A CONTRIBUTION TO RECONSTRUCTION OF PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS

  • Revision of the genus Heterotricha Loew (Sciaroidea incertae sedis) in Baltic amber - JASCHHOF
  • The phylogeny of black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) in the Caenozoic - a contribution to the palaeozoogeography and distribution of recent taxa - MENZEL & MOHRIG (in preparation, external funding)
  • The type catalogue »The Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of the World. Part 1: Fossil Sciaridae« - MENZEL

Dark winged fungus gnats in baltic amber.

Black fungus gnats in Baltic amber (left, middle) and in Madagascan copal (right). (Photos: F. Menzel).

 

PROJECT 2: RECENT SILVICOLE FAUNAS OF SCIAROIDEA IN THE TEMPERATE AND TROPICAL ZONES OF THE WORLD

Worldwide

  • The type catalogue »The Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of the World. Part 2: Recent Sciaridae« - MENZEL (partly externally funded)
  • Development of the website of the »International Project Group Sciaridae (IPS)« - MENZEL & GROLL
  • Digital identification keys to the black fungus gnats of the Palaearctic and Afrotropical Regions (Fauna of the Seychelles, the United Arab Emirates and the British Isles) - MENZEL & GROLL
  • Electronic Catalogue of the Sciaridae Literature of the World - MENZEL & GROLL

Afrotropical Region

  • Revision of the black fungus gnats (Sciaridae) of the Afrotropical Region - MENZEL (partly externally funded)
  • Identification book »Manual of Afrotropical Diptera« (Sciaridae) - MENZEL
  • The genus Anodontoceras Yukawa in South Africa (Cecidomyiidae: Lestremiinae) - JASCHHOF & JASCHHOF

Different habitats in Madagaskar.

Habitats in Madagascar which have been sampled: primary rainforest at Ranomafana (left), Isalo Mountains at Ranohira (middle) and dry woodland at Mangily (right). (Photos: F. Menzel).

 

Australasian Region

  • Wood midges (Cecidomyiidae: Lestremiinae) in the Southern Hemisphere - JASCHHOF & JASCHHOF
     ◦ Peromyiini and Pteridomyiini in Tasmania (partly externally funded)
     ◦ The genus Peromyia Kieffer (Cecidomyiidae: Lestremiinae) in New Caledonia
  • Mycetophilidae s. str. (Sciaroidea) of New Zealand - KALLWEIT & JASCHHOF
     ◦ The Cycloneura Marshall group of genera - JASCHHOF & KALLWEIT
     ◦ The genus Austrosynapha Tonnoir & Edwards - KALLWEIT & JASCHHOF
     ◦ The genus Manota Williston - JASCHHOF
  • The Phylogeny of the Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaroidea: Sciaridae) of the Australasian Region, with special consideration of the fauna of New Zealand - KÖHLER (Ph.D. thesis), MENZEL, JASCHHOF, MOHRIG

Nearctic Region

  • Revision of Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of North America - MOHRIG et al.

Neotropical Region

  • Contributions to the systematics of the Neotropical black fungus gnats (Sciaridae) based on revision of types - MOHRIG & MENZEL

 Sciaridae habitus an male genitals.

Sciaridae: whole insect and male genitalia of Phytosciara flavipes (Meigen) (photos left) and systematically relevant genitalic and antennal structures of Scatopsciara andrei Menzel (drawings right). (Photos: F. Menzel).

 

Palaearctic Region

  • Contributions to the monography »The arthropod fauna of the United Arab Emirates« (Sciaridae & Cecidomyiidae) - MENZEL, JASCHHOF & JASCHHOF (partly externally funded)
  • Contributions to the Fauna Europaea (Cecidomyiidae, Mycetophilidae s. l. & Sciaridae) - JASCHHOF, JASCHHOF, KALLWEIT, MENZEL & MOHRIG
     ◦ The Porricondylinae (Cecidomyiidae) of Sweden - JASCHHOF & JASCHHOF (externally funded)
     ◦ Monography »Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae)« - MENZEL (partly externally funded)
     ◦ The Literature supporting the Checklist of German Diptera, with addenda to Entomofauna Germanica (Cecidomyiidae, Mycetophilidae s. l. & Sciaridae) - MENZEL, JASCHHOF & KALLWEIT
     ◦ The Sciaroidea of the Sächsische Schweiz (Mycetophilidae s. l. & Sciaridae) - a survey of diversity in the Elbsandsteingebirge - KALLWEIT & MENZEL
     ◦ Studies on the Sciaroidea fauna in the catchment area of the Uecker - a contribution to biodiversity in anthropogenically influenced habitats in northern Europe (Sciaridae & Mycetophilidae s. l.) - MENZEL
  • Contributions to the diversity and systematics of the Sciaroidea in the eastern Palaearctic - JASCHHOF, MENZEL & MOHRIG
     ◦ The genus Aprionus Kieffer (Cecidomyiidae: Lestremiinae) in Japan - JASCHHOF
     ◦ Review of the genus Keilbachia Mohrig (Sciaridae) - MENZEL (partly externally funded)
     ◦ Revision of the East Palaearctic Sciaridae (China, Japan, Russia) - MENZEL & MOHRIG

PROJECT 3: PHYLOGENY OF THE SCIAROIDEA: QUALITY INSTEAD OF QUANTITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A HYPOTHESIS

  • The imaginal morphology within the Sciaroidea: homologous structures and universal terminology - JASCHHOF, KALLWEIT & MENZEL
  • New »Sciaroidea incertae sedis« from previously undetermined Diptera material in museums and private collections - JASCHHOF & JASCHHOF

Habitus drawings of Cecidomyiidae.

Cecidomyiidae (Micromyinae): drawings of Peromyia spec. (whole insect left) and Aprionus victoriae Jaschhof (genitalic structures right). (Photos M. Jaschhof).

https://die-welt-baut-ihr-museum.de/en