Nachwuchsgruppe

Umweltauswirkungen des Konsums land- und forstwirtschaftlicher Produkte

Globalisierung und Industrialisierung haben die Entfernung zwischen dem Anbau land- und forstwirtschaftlicher Produkte und ihrem Konsum rasant anwachsen lassen. Welche Auswirkungen dieser Anbau auf Umwelt und Ökosysteme hat, gerät dabei für Konsumenten aus dem Blick, da diese weit weg stattfinden. In unserer Arbeitsgruppe analysieren und bewerten wir solche Fernwirkungen (eng. Telecouplings) des Konsums im Hinblick auf ihre Auswirkungen auf Landnutzung, Biodiversität und Ökosystemfunktionen.

Wir analysieren diese Zusammenhänge aus einer Systemperspektive, wobei das Konzept des gesellschaftlichen Stoffwechsels den Rahmen für die Weiterentwicklung bestehender und Entwicklung neuer methodischer Ansätze bietet. Mit diesen Ansätzen erfassen wir globale Verflechtungen und kartieren sowie quantifizieren die Auswirkungen des Konsums an einem Ort auf entfernte Systeme. Dabei kombinieren wir die Analyse von Daten aus globalen Statistiken und Datenbanken mit Modellierungsansätzen. So versuchen wir die Abhängigkeit unseres  Wirtschaftssystems von Ökosystemen und deren Leistungen, die über den ganzen Planteten verstreut sind, aufzuzeigen und Ansatzpunkte für ein nachhaltigeres Wirtschaften ausfindig zu machen.

Ausgewählte Publikationen

Pendrill, F., Persson, M., Godar, J., & Kastner, Th. (2019): Deforestation displaced: trade in forest-risk commodities and the prospects for a global forest transition. Environmental Research Letters, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab0d41

Marques, A., Martins, I.S., Kastner, Th. et al. (2019):  Increasing impacts of land use on biodiversity and carbon sequestration driven by population and economic growth. Nature Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1038/s41559-019-0824-3

Erb, K.-H., Kastner, Th. et al. (2018): Unexpectedly large impact of forest management and grazing on global vegetation biomass. Nature, doi; doi:10.1038/nature25138

Dalin, C., Wada, Y. Kastner, Th. And Puma, M.J. (2017): Groundwater depletion embedded in international food trade. Nature, doi: 10.1038/nature21403

Chaudhary, A., Carrasco, L.R. and Kastner, Th. (2017): Linking national wood consumption with global biodiversity and ecosystem service losses. Science of The Total Environment, 586, pp.985-994, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.078

Team

Leitung

Mitarbeiterfoto
Dr. Thomas Kastner
PostDoc, Head of Young Scientist Group 'Impacts of the consumption of agricultural and forestry products'

Research Interests

My main research interests are the systemic relations between biomass use, international trade, land use change and species decline; long-term changes in land use systems and in the use of land-based resources; impacts on dietary patterns on land demand and on biodiversity and the role of land use in climate-change mitigation.

CV

External Links

List of publications on Google scholar

Selected Publications

Dalin, Carole, Yoshide Wada, *Thomas Kastner*, Michael J. Puma. „Groundwater depletion embedded in international food trade. “ /Nature/ (2017): forthcoming. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21403

Chaudhary, Abhishek, L. Roman Carrasco, and *Thomas Kastner*. „Linking national wood consumption with global biodiversity and ecosystem service losses.“ /Science of The Total Environment/ 586 (2017): 985-994.

Erb, Karl-Heinz, Christian Lauk, *Thomas Kastner*, Andreas Mayer, Michaela Clarissa Theurl, and Helmut Haberl. “Exploring the Biophysical Option Space for Feeding the World without Deforestation.” /Nature Communications/ 7. (2016): 11382.

Henders, Sabine, U. Martin Persson, and *Thomas Kastner*. „Trading forests: land-use change and carbon emissions embodied in production and exports of forest-risk commodities.“ /Environmental Research Letters/ 10, no. 12 (2015): 125012.

*Kastner, Thomas*, Karl-Heinz Erb, and Helmut Haberl. “Rapid Growth in Agricultural Trade: Effects on Global Area Efficiency and the Role of Management.” /Environmental Research Letters/ 9, no. 3 (2014): 034015.

*Kastner, Thomas*, Maria Jose Ibarrola Rivas, Wolfgang Koch, and Sanderine Nonhebel. “Global Changes in Diets and the Consequences for Land Requirements for Food.” /Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences/ 109, no. 18 (2012): 6868–6872.

*Kastner, Thomas*, Michael Kastner, and Sanderine Nonhebel. “Tracing Distant Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Products from a Consumer Perspective.” /Ecological Economics/ 70, no. 6 (2011): 1032–1040.

Florian Schwarzmüller
PostDoc
Mitarbeiterfoto
Giorgio Bidoglio
Ph.D. student, Member of Young Scientist Group 'Environmental Impacts of the consumption of agricultural and forestry products'

Research interests

In my PhD research, I will investigate the biodiversity footprint of Vienna as exemplary of impacts of food and biomass consumption of large urban areas on the supply regions where production occurs. The goal is to develop spatially explicit biodiversity footprint indicators and analyse trade-offs of interest to stakeholders to identify priority actions for reduction of urban pressures on biodiversity. 
Under the supervision of Dr. Kastner at BIK-F, I will also collaborate with the Institute of Social Ecology of the Alpen Adria University and the Division of Conservation Biology at the Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research of the University of Vienna. 
By making use of Life Cycle Assessment, in my Master Thesis I addressed the impacts of small hydropower for sustainable energy development in the Kerala State, India, going above the paradigm of carbon emissions and focussing on land use impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. My previous experience might prove useful also for the new endeavour.

External links

Giorgio Bidoglio at ResearchGate

Perrine Laroche
Gast-Doktorandin

Alumni

Farina Hoffmann
Gast Master-Studentin