Mining Impact 2 is a project within the framework of the European initiative JPIOceans. It focuses on environmental impacts and risks of deep-sea mining of polymetallic nodules in the Clarion Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCZ), north-eastern equatorial Pacific.
GEANS aims to implement DNA-based tools in routine monitoring programs in collaboration with stakeholders in support of policy and decision-making concerning the ecosystem health in the North Sea Region.
Many ecosystems around Antarctica are undergoing rapid changes, particularly in ice cover dynamics. It is not known if and how this development influences the processes at the seafloor, the benthic functions. For a comprehensive understanding of ecosystem functioning it is, hence, necessary to determine the role of different ecosystem components (e.g. faunal community groups) for seafloor processes under changing and stable ice cover regimes.