MGF Baltic Sea


The project MGF Baltic Sea, together with MGF North Sea, is part of the Geman Marine Research Alliance (DAM; “Deutsche Allianz Meeresforschung“) pilot missions with the title: Exclusion of mobile bottom-contact fishing in marine protected areas of the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the North Sea and Baltic Sea. The abbreviation “MGF“ stands for the German expression “mobile grundberührende Fischerei“ which means “mobile bottom-contact fishing”.

Mobile bottom-contact fishing, like the use of beam trawls or bottom trawling nets, has a wide-ranging impact on marine ecosystems and especially on benthos communities and benthic sediments. Therefore, it is discussed to exclude this type of fishing from parts of the German and European Marine Protected Areas (MPA).

In the course of the DAM pilot missions the impact, which the exclusion of mobile bottom-contact fishing will have on the ecosystems of the MPAs, is investigated by means of a comprehensive and cooperative research approach. Our focus at the DZMB is on the investigation of the meiofauna organisms of the research areas. The term meiofauna denotes a group of benthic protozoic and metazoan organisms, which pass a sieve with 1 mm but retain in a sieve with 40 µm mesh-size. In all aquatic ecosystems meiofauna organisms play an important role in processing organic matter and as fundamental part of the food web.

The potential effect, the exclusion of mobile bottom-contact fishing might have on meiofauna organisms, will be studied in a dichotomous approach. First, we estimate meiofauna diversity by means of metabarcoding and second, we do a morphological and faunistic investigation of benthic copepods (mostly Harpacticoida), one of the dominant meiofaunal taxa in benthos samples.

Due to the fact that mobile bottom-contact fishing is not yet excluded from the MPAs we focus on the investigation of the current state of benthic habitats in the research areas as a reference for further investigations. This data is essential to assess potential effects of the exclusion.

There are 3 MPAs within the German EEZ of the Baltic Sea, Fehmarn Belt, “Kadetrinne” and Bay of Pomerania – “Rönnebank”, which together comprise about 55 % of the German EEZ area. In the scope of MGF Baltic Sea, three research areas were chosen, Fehmarn Belt, Odra Bank (situated in the Bay of Pomerania) and “Rönnebank”. In every research area we study sites within the MPA and reference sites outside of the MPA. Since the beginning of the project in March 2020 we performed two cruises with the research vessel ELISABETH MANN BORGESE, one in May and June 2020 to survey the Fehmarn Belt, a second in June 2021 which focused on the Odra Bank and geoacoustic investigation of the Fehmarn Belt. For the investigation of the meiofauna, sediment samples were taken using a Multicorer (MUC). To date the meiofauna samples are processed and analysed at our institute.

 

Project leader: Prof. Dr. Klaus Jürgens, Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde (IOW)

Financing: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Further informations: https://www.io-warnemuende.de/dam-mgf-baltic-sea-home.html

Dr. Jana Packmor
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin

Link Meiobenthic Arthropoda

Link MGF-Ostsee-DZMB

Since 2021
Research Fellow, Research institute Senckenberg am Meer (Wilhelmshaven, Germany), German Center for Marine Biodiversity Research, workgroup Meiobenthic Arthropoda.
Scientific interest: Taxonomy and faunistic of marine Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda).
Project: MGF-Ostsee (Funding: BMBF)
Work package: Impact of bottom trawling in the Baltic Sea on meiofauna communities

 

2017-2019
Research fellow, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany), Workgroup Plant sociology and nature Conservation.
Projects:
SWAMPS – Verfahrensanalysen und Handlungsoptionen zur Verminderung von Treibhausgasemissionen und zum Schutz von Mooren (Funding: EU-EFRE)
Work package: Investigation of the Biodiversity (Flora/Vegetation, Grashoppers)
MOOSWEIT – Torfmooskultivierung zur klimaschonenden Moorentwicklung: Anbau und Ernte von kultivierten Torfmoosen (Funding: EU-EFRE)
Work package: Ecological succession of the dragonfly fauna at a Sphagnum farming pilot site

 

2015
Doctorate, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany)
Titel of the dissertation: Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of Madeira and Porto Santo – Inventory and first comparison with seamounts of the „Madeira Hot Spot Track“

 

2011-2015
PhD student, Research institute Senckenberg am Meer (Wilhelmshaven, Germany), German Center for Marine Biodiversity Research, workgroup Meiobenthic Arthropoda and Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany).
Project: Faunistic and taxonomic investigation of the Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of Madeira (Portugal) and first comparison with seamounts of the “Madeira Hot Spot Track” (Funding DFG)

 

2010
Graduation (Diploma) at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany)
Titel of the thesis: Zur Ultrastruktur des Räderorgans der Rotifera (Rädertiere) am Beispiel von Synchaeta pectinata (Ehrenberg, 1832) (Synchaetidae, Monogononta)

 

2004-2010
Study of Biology (Diploma), Georg-August-University of Göttingen (Göttingen, Germany; 2004-2006) and Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Germany; 2006-2010)
Focus: Marine Ecology, Marine Biodiversity research, Zoology

Peer reviewed publications

George, K.H., Pointner, K. & Packmor, J. (2018): The benthic Copepoda (Crustacea) of Anaximenes Seamount (eastern Mediterranean Sea)—Community structure and species distribution. Progress in Oceanography. DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2018.06.006.

Packmor, J. & George, K.H. (2016): Littoral Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) of Madeira and Porto Santo (Portugal). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315416001168.

Packmor, J. & Riedl, T. (2016): Records of Normanellidae Lang, 1944 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from Madeira Island support the hypothetical role of seamounts and oceanic islands as “stepping stones” in the dispersal of marine meiofauna. Marine Biodiversity. DOI: 10.1007/s12526-016-0448-7.

Packmor, J., Müller, F. & George, K.H. (2015): Oceanic islands and seamounts as staging posts for Copepoda Harpacticoida (Crustacea) – Shallow-water Paramesochridae Lang, 1944 from the North-East Atlantic Ocean, including the (re-)description of three species and one subspecies from the Madeiran Archipelago. Progress in Oceanography 131: 59–81.

Packmor, J. (2013): Rhizotrichidae Por, 1986 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) of Madeira and Porto Santo: description of two new species of the genus Tryphoema Monard, 1926. Marine Biodiversity 43: 341 –361.

 

Presentations (international conferences)

Packmor, J., Müller, F. & George, K.H. (2014): Atlantic seamounts and islands as staging posts for the dispersal of shallow-water Paramesochridae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida). 12th International Conference on Copepoda (14. – 18.07.2014) Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

 

Presentations (national conferences)

Packmor, J. & George, K.H. (2013): Seeberge und Inseln als mögliche “Trittsteine” für die Ausbreitung von Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) – Hintergründe und erste Ergebnisse aus dem Nordost-Atlantik. 16. Crustaceologen-Tagung (14 – 17.03.2013) Greifswald, Germany.

 

Poster

Packmor, J. (2013): Die Rhizotrichidae Por, 1986 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) der Inseln Madeira und Porto Santo. (Poster) 16. Crustaceologen-Tagung (14. – 17.03.2013) Greifswald, Germany.

Prof. Dr. Pedro Martínez Arbizu
Head of DZMB