Herbarium Senckenbergianum

Decentralized Botanical-Mycological Collections


The botanical-mycological collections of the Senckenberg Research Institutes are spread over 4 places: Frankfurt/Main, Görlitz, Weimar and Wilhelmshaven.

The Herbarium Senckenbergianum in Frankfurt/Main was established in 1817, the Herbarium Senckenbergianum in Görlitz dates back to 1823. The two other collections in Weimar and Wilhelmshaven are of recent origin, have a narrow thematic focus and considerable smaller holdings. The special collection of Dinophyta in Wilhelmshaven (Centre of Excellence for Dinophyte Taxonomy – CEDiT) is no herbarium in the strict sense and hence not accredited in Index Herbariorum. Further details on the respective collections are given below.

Since the fusion of Senckenberg with the Natural History collections of Saxony (as of January 1st, 2009) staff of the botanical departments and sections meet annually to discuss technical issues like harmonization in handling of  international loans and exchange programmes. The next step was the development of a common collection strategy. A special focus is on improving access to the collections by digitizing collection data and specimens. We hope to improve this further by applying for third-party grants aimed at collection development. 

Herbarium Senckenbergianum Frankfurt/Main (FR)

Established 1817 by Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft Frankfurt/Main.

1.200.000 specimens.

Focus: worldwide. Specialities: Hesse, Europe, Mediterranean, Mid-Atlantic islands, West Africa, Neotropics; Poaceae, corticolous, crustose lichens from the Holarctic; diatoms.

Important collections: A. Aschenborn, J. Becker, W. Boege, K.-P. Buttler, M. Dürer, J. G. A. Forster, J. R. Forster, J. B. C. W. Fresenius, G.W. Freyreiss, J. A. Futschig, G. Gärtner, M. Goldschmidt, H. Hupke, R. O. K. Kräusel, W. Kuls, H. Lange-Bertalot, J. A. Metzler, A. Nieschalk, G. L. Rabenhorst, E. W. P. S. Rüppell, J. Scherbius, L. P. K. Scriba, F. W. Sieber, G. H. K. Thwaites – see also Index Collectorum (in German).

Herbarium Senckenbergianum Görlitz (GLM)

Established 1823 by Naturforschende Gesellschaft zu Görlitz.

376.200 specimens.

Vascular Plants and Fungi globally. Special collections: south-eastern Germany and adjacent territories of Poland and Czech Republic (Herbarium Lusaticum); Lichens & Mosses (globally) and Characeae of Europe.

Important collectors: J. C. Breutel, E. Wenck and other members of the Moravian brethren (mosses, lichens, vascular plants), F. Gröger (fungi), J. G. Ch. Lehmann (liverworts), G. Zschieschang (fungi), I. Dunger (fungi, vascular plants), H. Jage (>40.000 phytoparasitic fungi, vascular plants), H. Eckardt (mosses), C. G. Mosig, F. A. Schade (lichens), E. Barber, M. Militzer, H.-W. Otto, R. Peck, H. v. Rabenau (vascular plants).

Herbarium Senckenbergianum Weimar (IQW)

Research Station for Quaternary Palaeontology, established 2008 as reference collection for the study of quarternary plant remains (macrofossils).

4.500 specimens.

Flora of Beringia (Yakutia [NE-Siberia], Alaska) and Europe as reference for the identification of fossil plant parts, vascular plants, special focus on arctic, boreal and steppe plants.