The amber material ranges in age from mid Cretaceous to Pleistocene/Holocene. The largest part of the collection is composed of samples of Baltic amber, but there is also amber from the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Myanmar, Austria, and copal from Madagascar, Colombia, Kenya and the Caribbean.
The earliest part of the collection is of Baltic amber donated by H. Conwentz in 1884. In the early twentieth century other small collections of Baltic amber were donated by C. von Heyden (1901) and the Frankfurt citizens A. von Gwinner (1908) and K. Dietze (1913).
Following these aquisitions, the next new material was of copal from Puerto Rico obtained in 1978 from B. Graffham. At the end of the twentieth century two new collections were purchased. The first consists of about 370 pieces of Baltic amber from Lithuania collected by amateurs S. Urbonas and J. Veilandas (1998); a second part of this collection is housed in the State Museum of Natural History at Karlsruhe (http://www.naturkundemuseum-karlsruhe.de/).
In 2000 a small collection of Dominican amber and Tanzanian copal was acquired from K.A. Frickhinger.
The most important part by far of the Amber Collection was acquired in January 2008 – a part of the Wunderlich Collection. Jörg Wunderlich collects and describes Recent and fossil spiders, and during his career he has collected important amber material from the Baltic, Dominican Republic, Lebanon, Austria and China and copal from Madagascar, Kenya and Colombia. More than 10.000 pieces including more than 200 holotypes of this magnificent collection could be purchased by Senckenberg with financial support from the Dr Marschner Stiftung. Other parts of the Wunderlich Collection were bought by the Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz and the Geologisch-Paläontologisches Institut und Museum of the University of Hamburg and some retained by the owner.