Palynological Studies on Quaternary and Tertiary Biostratigraphy, Biodiversity and Climate Variability using Lake Sediments from Central Germany
For better understanding spatio-temporal changes of biodiversity and palaeoenvironmental changes in Europe we perform palaeobotanical studies on Quaternary and Tertiary lacustrine sediments from Central Europe. Based on a detailed palynological revision of the sedimentary sequence from Voigtstedt/Hackelsberg and investigations on new sediment cores recovered by the Thuringian Geological Survey (TLUG) near Artern and Görsbach in 2009 and 2010 we intend to gain new insights into the Pleistocene biostratigraphy, vegetation history and climate variability. Furthermore, the biostratigraphical classification of sediments obtained from landfall/subrosion depressions may also allow the estimation of age and dynamics of Quaternary rock dissolution processes in Thuringia, including possible subsidence rates.
Dr. Dana Höfer
L. Katzschmann, H. Huckriede (Thüringer Landesanstalt für Umwelt und Geologie), P. Frenzel (Universität Jena), T. Henkel (Universität Leipzig), L. C. Maul, F. Kienast (Senckenberg Weimar), S. Meng (Universität Greifswald)
The Climate of the Himalayas – At Present and in the Past
The Quaternary Microflora Section participates in the DFG research unit HIMPAC (DFG FOR 1380: Himalaya: Modern and Past Climates) and undertakes palynological studies to reconstruct the Holocene vegetation history and the variability of the Indian monsoon system. This joint project combines expertise from German and Indian research institutions to study lake sediments, tree rings, peat and stalagmites collected from selected regions of the subcontinent. Results from the study of these palaeoclimate archives are providing important insights into the causes and consequences of extreme events, such as droughts and or floods in the climatically-sensitive Himalayan region. Currently, we are investigating palynomorphs and charcoal particles from sediment samples and recording the recent vegetation of the Lonar meteorite crater (Maharasthra state, central India).
Project staff (DFG):
Nils Riedel (2010-2014)
Sabine Hettler-Riedel (2011/2012)
N. Basavaiah (Indian Institute of Geomagnetism Mumbai), U. Cubasch, P. Tarasov (Freie Universität Berlin), B. Gaye, P. Menzel, M. Wiesner (Universität Hamburg), S. Prasad (GFZ Potsdam)
Central Asian Climate Dynamics (Cady)
The BMBF-funded joint project CADY investigates palaeoecological archives (lake sediments, tree rings, stalagmites) using multiple methods along transects crossing the Tibetan Plateau. The project aims at a better understanding of the climate variability in Central Asia, including possible links between the westerlies and the monsoon circulation. Research undertaken by the Quaternary microfloras section is providing detailed palynological information on Holocene lacustrine sequences from China and Kyrgyzstan. Key sites include lakes Son-Kul, Chatyr-Kul and Kara-Kul in Kyrgyzstan and the Sihailongwan maar lake, northeastern China.
Project staff (BMBF):
Dr. Frank Schlütz (2011)
Sabine Hettler-Riedel (2012-2014)
Steffi Hildebrandt (2013)
G. Gleixner (MPI Biogeochemie Jena), S. Lauterbach, J. Mingram, A. Brauer (GFZ Potsdam), K. Rehfeld (AWI Potsdam), A. Schwalb, A. Schwarz (Technische Universität Braunschweig), P. Tarasov (Freie Universität Berlin)
Vegetation and Climate History in Northeast China
As a part of a multidisciplinary research project, high-resolution palynological investigations are being made on the annually laminated maar lake sediments from Lake Sihailongwan (Longgang Volcanic Field, Jilin Province, Northeast-China). The main goal of this study is the reconstruction of the short-term variations (annual to decadal scale) of the monsoon activity in northeastern China and its effects on the vegetation (s. publications Dr. Stebich). This project was partly funded by the DFG.
Project staff (DFG): Judith Arlt (2007-2008)
Dr. Almut Spangenberg (2009-2010)
Associates: O. Lenz (Technische Universität Darmstadt), P. Rioual, J. Han , J. Liu, (CAS Beijing), J. Mingram , G. Schettler (GFZ Potsdam), P. Tarasov (Freie Universität Berlin)
Palynological Investigation in the Volcano-Region of Northwest Bohemia
A number of mineral and thermal springs, CO2-exhalation zones (mofette fields) gas exhalations from the ground as well as periodic earthquakes characterize northwestern Bohemia as a region of increased magmatic activity. A multidisciplinary research project is concerned with the poorly investigated activity of natural mofettes and their associated flora and fauna. Current palynological studies in the Milhostov-Hartoušov area are aimed at providing evidence of the age and duration of the mofette activity, in addition to new information on related sedimentation processes within and around the mofettes.
Geological-geophysical investigations undertaken by the GFZ Potsdam and the Czech Academy of Sciences Prague identified a potential maar structure at the southern edge of the Tertiary Cheb basin (Czech Republic, Northwest Bohemia) (Geissler et al. 2004, Mrlina et al. 2007). An exploratory drilling in November/December 2007, which brought about 84 m sequence of lactustrine sediments, provides evidence of a paleo-lake within the supposed maar. Subsequent palynological and sedimentological investigations indicated a Saalian age of the sediments and provide first palaeoecological and climatological indications (Mrlina et al. 2009).
J. Mingram, H. Kämpf (GFZ Potsdam), J. Mrlina (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic)
The Pleistocene of Untermassfeld – Vegetational Reconstructions
In cooperation with R.-D. Kahlke (Quaternary Large Mammal Section) and the Journal GEO, the Early Pleistocene vegetation cover of Untermassfeld has been reconstructed. This work raises particular questions concerning the existence of open landscapes during Pleistocene interglacial times.
Vegetation History of the Lac Pavin Region
A high resolution palynological investigation of the annually laminated sediments from Lake Pavin (Massif Central, France) provided a detailed reconstruction of ecosystem responses to both regional climate change and human impact since the end of the Medieval Warm Period (Late Subatlantic).
C. Brüchmann, J. F. W. Negendank, G. Schettler (GFZ Potsdam), T. Kulbe (EAWAG Dübendorf)