Our research activities focus on the study of the Neotropical herpetofauna (Central and South America). Currently, faunistic and zoogeographic studies are undertaken in the following countries: Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, and Bolivia. Our studies are taxonomic, zoogeographic, and phylogenetic in nature.
Additionally, taxonomic revisions of genera and species groups are undertaken based on pholidosis, morphometrics, hemipenis morphology, and osteology as well as molecular genetics. Currently, the revisionary studies include several genera of the family Gymnophthalmidae (Alopoglossus, Echinosaura, Euspondylus and Proctoporus) and various aspects of anole systematics (genus Anolis).
Herpetology at the Research Institute and Nature Museum Senckenberg has a long and proud tradition, which includes such luminaries as Oskar Boettger (1844-1910) and Robert Mertens (1894-1975), both of whom have had a major influence on the study of herpetology for many decades, leading to substantial increases in our knowledge of this field.
In 1875, Oskar Böttger became curator of herpetology at Senckenberg Museum. During the period of 35 years as a researcher at Senckenberg, Böttger had lead the herpetology collection from its meager beginnings to a reference collection of world-wide significance. Böttger received the material for his research mostly from two sources: his friends and former students sent him preserved specimens from all over the world, and colleagues from museums world-wide donated or exchanged voucher specimens with him. Böttger knew about the importance of proper preparation techniques of voucher specimens and early on suggested that any alcohol-preserved specimen should be protected from light to prevent bleaching. As early as 1881, he published guide lines for the preparation of amphibians and reptiles. He took the documentation of the collection very seriously, too. His hand-written catalogue, published in three parts between 1892 and 1898, was in use until 1920. Of the 230 species and subspecies of amphibians and reptiles described by Böttger, some 75% are currently considered valid. He also introduced close to 20 genera, almost all of which are still recogniced as valid, including such well-known taxa as Cophixalus, Oreophryne, and Stumpffia amongst the amphibians as well as Blaesodactylus, Ebenavia, Quedenfeldtia, and Hemirhageris amongst the reptiles.
In the course of the 80 years of his life, Robert Mertens was extremely versatile and produktiv, known in the herpetological community well beyond the German speaking countries. Mertens was truly a universal scholar who not only had a general interest in natural sciences but also worked interdisciplinary including research fields such as systematics, zoogeography, ethology, and paleontology in his studies. Mertens worked mostly on tropical faunas and traveled to numerous Latin American countries including Mexico, El Salvador, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Brasil, Peru, Ecuador and Galapagos, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentinia. From the Neotropics alone he described 50 new herpetofaunal taxa, 35 of which are considered valid on the species or subspecies level currently.
Böttger, O. (1892): Katalog der Batrachier-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. 73 S., broschiert. Frankfurt: Gebrüder Knauer.
Böttger, O. (1893): Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons). 140 S., broschiert. Frankfurt: Gebrüder Knauer.
Böttger, O. (1898): Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. II. Teil (Schlangen). 160 S., broschiert. Frankfurt: Gebrüder Knauer
Mertens, R. (1967): Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt a. M. nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica, 48, Sonderheft A, 1-106.