Diptera

Collection

Collection management as basis for Taxonomic Systematic Research on Diptera

Because of its richness in individual species and types, the insect collection of the Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut (SDEI) is visited by many scientists from Germany and abroad. The well-arranged collection of Diptera – with about 855,000 specimens belonging to more than 19,200 Diptera species – is one of the most important reference collections in Germany. Mirroring the focus of interest in research on Diptera at the SDEI, it houses the world’s largest collections of black fungus gnats (Sciaridae) und wood midges (Cecidomyiidae: Catotrichinae, Lestremiinae, Micromyinae), which are constantly being expanded within the context of ongoing research projects.

At the same time, every year numerous enquiries from scientists from all over the world are answered. Questions comprise around the fields of faunal investigation, ecology, comparitive morphology, zoogeography, taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics. From the high value of the insect collection as part of the national cultural heritage with international significance, numerous duties and tasks arise constantly:

  • Realisation of all scientific and organisatorial work in the Diptera Section (international correspondence; handling loan of material; training of technical staff);
  • Curation of the existing Diptera material (remedial and conservatory measures);
  • Actualisation of the nomenclatural-systematic arrangement of the Diptera collection (re-arrangement of parts of collection);
  • Expansion of the collection of the Diptera Section (improvement of material and data resources at the SDEI);
  • Determination of collection material (Sciaroidea: Sciaridae, Cecidomyiidae) and organisation of work on material by other scientists;
  • Cataloguing of types and updating of databases;
  • Information and advisory services (amongst others: identification service, enquiries about types, information on literature);
  • Expert opinion and appraisal of the value of collections of Diptera in connection with donations, bequests and purchases;
  • Registration of newly published literature on Diptera (including exchange of literature);
  • Support of visiting scientists.

 

Important Collections and Parts of the Collection

  • K. Ermisch (1898-1970)
  • B. Lichtwardt (1857-1943)
  • C. R. Osten-Sacken (1828-1906)
  • W. Horn (1871-1939)
  • O. Lorenz (1863-1931)
  • H. Sauter (1871-1948)
  • C. F. Ketel (1861-1906)
  • A. L. Melander (1878-1967)
  • C. Siebert (1859-1926)
  • H. Köller (1885-1968)
  • L. Oldenberg (1863-1931)
  • G. Strobl (1846-1925)

History of the Diptera Collection

Literature about the collection

Rohlfien K. (1975): Aus der Geschichte der Entomologischen Sammlungen des ehemaligen Deutschen Entomologischen Instituts: 1. Allgemeiner Teil. 2. Die Dipterensammlung. – Beiträge zur Entomologie Berlin 25(2): 261-296.

Bährmann, R. (1989): Zur Kenntnis der in der DDR vorhandenen Dipteren-Sammlungen. – Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte Leipzig 3(2): 75-78.

Rohlfien, K. (1994): Zur Geschichte der Dipterensammlung des Deutschen Entomologischen Instituts. – Studia dipterologica Halle (Saale) 1(1): 3-32.

Bährmann, R. (1999): Zur Kenntnis der Dipterensammlungen Deutschlands. – Beiträge zur Entomologie Berlin 49(1): 173-209.

Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (2000): Revision der paläarktischen Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae). – Studia dipterologica Supplement Halle (Saale) 6 (1999): 1-761.

Ziegler, J. & Menzel, F. (2000) (Hrsg.): Die historische Dipteren-Sammlung Carl Friedrich Ketel. Revision einer zwischen 1884 und 1903 angelegten Sammlung von Zweiflüglern (Diptera) aus Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. – Nova Supplementa Entomologica Berlin 14: 1-266.

Available Material

Inventory of the Collection (in 2009)

855,887 specimens (361,529 det.; 494.358 indet.)
19,204 species and subspecies in 137 families
7,447 type specimens of 2,774 species

 

 

List of Available Material

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Agromycidae
Calliphoridae
Conopidae
Cuterebridae
Gasterophilidae
Heleosciomyzidae
Hypodermatidae
Oestridae
Phaeomyiidae
Rhinophoridae
Sarcophagidae
Sciaridae (det.)
Sciaridae (indet.)
Sciomycidae
Sepsidae
Syrphidae
Tachinidae
Vollständiges Inventar Diptera auf Familien-Niveau (Zählung 2009)

Type Catalogues

Rohlfien, K. & Ewald, B. 1970: Katalog der in den Sammlungen des ehemaligen Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes aufbewahrten Typen – VIII. (Diptera: Cyclorrhapa: Schizophora: Acalyptratae). Beitr. Ent. Berlin 22(7/8): 407-469.
Rohlfien, K. & Ewald, B. 1974: Katalog der in den Sammlungen des ehemaligen Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes aufbewahrten Typen – XI. (Diptera: Cyclorrhapa: Schizophora: Calyptratae). Beitr. Ent. Berlin 24(1/4): 107-147.
Rohlfien, K. & Ewald, B. 1974: Katalog der in den Sammlungen des ehemaligen Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes aufbewahrten Typen – XIII (Diptera: Cyclorrhapa: Division Aschiiza). Beitr. Ent. Berlin 25(1): 151-161.
Rohlfien, K. & Ewald, B. 1979: Katalog der in den Sammlungen der Abteilung Taxonomie der Insekten des Institutes für Pflanzenschutzforschung, Bereich Eberswalde (ehemals Deutsches Entomologisches Institut) aufbewahrten Typen – XVIII. (Diptera: Brachycera). Beitr. Ent. Berlin 29(1): 201-247.
Blech, H. & Rohlfien, K. 1987: Katalog der in den Sammlungen der Abteilung Taxonomie der Insekten des Institutes für Pflanzenschutzforschung, Bereich Eberswalde (ehemals Deutsches Entomologisches Institut) aufbewahrten Typen – XXV. (Diptera: Nematocera). Beitr. Ent. Berlin 37(1): 203-258.