In the year 1969, the Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (SNG) established an outpost of its research institute in Biebergemünd in the Spessart. For 30 years, the scientific work here focused on the European Low Mountain ranges, in particular their natural environments and the varying colonization by animals and plants.
In the past few years, the emphasis has shifted to topics regarding aquatic ecology and nature conservation research.
However, as one result of the positive development of the outpost over the years, the research station in the Spessart has now become too small to accommodate its staff, which has grown to about 25 employees. A move into the building of the former dairy school in Gelnhausen alleviated this shortage of space.