The Mammalogy Section preserves more than 37,000 mammals in its collection and is also responsible for the other classes of vertebrates, among others, there is an extensive historical bird collection. It currently conducts collection-based, field-based and data-based research on the evolution of intraspecific diversity in great apes. In addition, scientific questions in the field of conservation biology of our closest relatives and other species are addressed. Long-term studies on population ecology, population genetics and feeding ecology of mammals from Central Europe and Central Asia are being continued accordingly.