Conservation Genetics


Peer reviewed articles


von Thaden, A., Cocchiararo, B., Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Reinert, K., Tuchscherer, I., Janke, A. & Nowak, C. (2021). Informing conservation strategies with museum genomics: Long-term effects of past anthropogenic persecution on the elusive European wildcat. Ecology and Evolution: doi: 10.1002/ece3.8385.

Behr, F., Fritsch, G., Collet, S., Ghani, N., Cocchiararo, B., Knorr, K., Müller, T., Freuling, C., Sprenger, J. & Szentiks, C.A. (2021). Unusual case of automutilation in a free-ranging grey wolf (Canis lupus). Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments 1: 100019.

Harmoinen, J., von Thaden, A., Aspi, J., Kvist, L., Cocchiararo, B., Jarausch, A., Gazzola, A., Sin, T., Lohi, H., Hytönen, M.K., Kojola, I., Stronen, A.V., Caniglia, R., Mattucci, F., Galaverni, M., Godinho, R., Ruiz-González, A., Randi, E., Muñoz-Fuentes, V. & Nowak, C. (2021). Reliable Wolf-Dog Hybrid Detection in Europe Using a Reduced SNP Panel Developed for Non-Invasively Collected Samples. BMC Genomics 22: 473.

Pfenninger, M., Reuss, F., KIebler, A., Schönnenbeck, P., Caliendo, C., Gerber, S., Cocchiararo, B., Reuter, S., Blüthgen, N., Mody, K., Mishra, B., Bálint, M., Thines, M. & Feldmeyer, B. (2021). Genomic basis for drought resistance in European beech forests threatened by climate change. eLife 10: e65532.

Sunde, P., Collet, S., Nowak, C., Thomsen, P.F., Hansen, M.M., Schulz, B., Matzen, J., Michler, F.U., Vedel-Smith, C. & Olsen, K. (2021). Where have all the young wolves gone? Traffic and cryptic mortality create a wolf population sink in Denmark and northernmost Germany. Conservation Letters: doi: 10.1111/conl.12812.

Westekemper, K., Tiesmeyer, A., Steyer, K., Nowak, C., Signer, J. & Balkenhol, N. (2021). Do all roads lead to resistance? State road density is the main impediment to gene flow in a flagship species inhabiting a severely fragmented anthropogenic landscape. Ecology and Evolution: doi: 10.1002/ece3.7635.

Cocchiararo, B., Polednik, L., Künzelmann, B., Beran, V. & Nowak, C. (2021). Genetic assessment of the Eurasian otter population in the Ore Mountain Range. Bulletin Vydra 19: 26-35.

Gajdárová, B., Belotti, E., Dula, M., Kleven, O., Kutal, M., Ozolins, J., Nowak, C., Reiners, T., Tám, B., Volfová, J. & Krojerová-Prokesová, J. (2021). Long-distance Eurasian lynx dispersal – a prospect for connecting native and reintroduced populations in Central Europe. Conservation Genetics: doi: 10.1007/s10592-021-01363-0.

Szewczyk, M., Nowak, C., Hulva, P., Mergeay, J., Stronen, A., Bolfíková, B., Czarnomska, S., Diserens, T., Fenchuk, V., Figura, M., de Groot, A., Haidt, A., Hansen, M., Jansman, H., Kluth, G., Kwiatkowska, I., Lubinska, K., Michaux, J., Niedzwiecka, N., Nowak, S., Olsen, K., Reinhardt, I., Romanski, M., Schley, L., Smith, S., Spinkyte-Backaitiene, R., Stachyra, P., Stepniak, K., Sunde, P., Thomsen, P., Zwijacz-Kozica, T. & Myslajek, R. (2021). Genetic support for the current discrete conservation unit of the Central European wolf population. Wildlife Biology: doi: 10.2981/wlb.00809.

Jarausch, A., Harms, V., Kluth, G., Reinhardt, I. & Nowak, C. (2021). How the west was won: genetic reconstruction of rapid wolf recolonization into Germany’s anthropogenic landscapes. Heredity: doi: 10.1038/s41437-021-00429-6

Schley, L., Jacobs, M., Collet, S.; Kristiansen, A. & Herr, J. (2021). First wolves in Luxembourg since 1893, originating from the Alpine and Central European populations. Mammalia 85 (3): 193-197.



Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Steyer, K., von Thaden, A., Tiesmeyer, A., Nowak, C. (2020). Revealing the origin of wildcat reappearance after presumed long-term absence. European Journal of Wildlife Research 66 (6): 1-8.

Hatlauf, J., Böcker, F., Wirk, L., Collet, S., Schley, L., Szabó, L., Hackländer, K., Heltai, M. (2020). Jackal in hide: detection dogs show first success in the quest for golden jackal (Canis aureus) scats. Mammal Research: doi: 10.1007/s13364-020-00537-4.

Brugger, M., Jährig, M., Peper, J., Nowak, C., Cocchiararo, B., Ansorge, H. (2020). Influence of Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) on Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) evaluated by Activity Density Estimates in Anthropogenic Habitats in Eastern Germany . IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 37 (2): 98 -119.

La Haye, M.J.J., Koelewijn, H.P., Raedts, R., Reiners, T.E., Verbist, V. (2020). DNA samples from genetic monitoring of the Common Hamster (Cricetus cricetus) in the Netherlands. DANS: doi: 10.17026/dans-z3w-nsx9.

Eddine, A., Gomes Rocha, R., Mostefai, N., Karssene, Y., De Smet, K., Brito, J.C., Klees, D., Nowak, C., Cocchiararo, B., Lopes, S., Van Der Leer, P., Godinho, R. (2020). Demographic expansion of an African opportunistic carnivore during the Neolithic revolution. Biology Letters 16: 20190560.

Riaz, M., Wittwer, C., Nowak, C. & Cocchiararo, B. (2018). An environmental DNA assay for the detection of the regionally endangered freshwater fish Alburnoides bipunctatus in Germany. Conservation Genetic Resources 12: 41-43.

Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Middelhoff, L., Anders, O., Nowak, C. (2020). The rise of a large carnivore population in Central Europe: Genetic evaluation of lynx reintroduction in the Harz Mountains. Conservation Genetics 21: 577-587.

von Thaden, A., Nowak, C., Tiesmeyer, A., Reiners, T.E., Alves, P.C., Lyons, L.A., Mattucci, F., Randi, E., Cragnolini, M., Galián, J., Hegyeli, Z., Kitchener, A.C., Lambinet, C., Lucas, J.M., Mölich, T., Ramos, L., Schockert, V., Cocchiararo, B. (2020). Applying genomic data in wildlife monitoring: Development guidelines for genotyping degraded samples with reduced single nucleotide polymorphism panels. Molecular Ecology Resources: doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.13136.

Tiesmeyer, A., Ramos, L., Lucas, J.M., Steyer, K., Alves, P.C., Astaras, C., Brix, M., Cragniolini, M., Domokos, C., Jansen, R., Kitchener, A., Mestdagh, X., Migli, D., Mulder, J.L., Schockert, V., Youlato, D., Pfenninger, M., Nowak, C. (2020). Range-wide patterns of human-mediated hybridisation in European wildcats. Conservation Genetics 21: 247-260.

Riaz, M., Kümmerlen, M., Wittwer, C., Cocchiararo, B., Khaliq, I., Pfenninger, M., Nowak, C. (2020). Combining environmental DNA and species distribution modeling to evaluate reintroduction success of a freshwater fish. Ecological Applications: doi:10.1002/eap.2034.

Haubrock, P.J., Innocenti, G., Mueller, S.A., Rothman, S.B.S., Galil, B.S., & Goren, M. (2020). Prey availability and community composition: Diet analysis of the black angler fish Lophius budegassa Spinola, 1807 in the south-eastern Mediterranean Sea. Regional Studies in Marine Science 33: 100940.



Holderegger, R., Balkenhol, N., Bolliger, J., Engler, J.O., Gugerli, F., Hochkirch, A., Nowak, C., Segelbacher, G., Widmer, A., Zachos, F.E. (2019). Conservation genetics: linking science with practice. Molecular Ecology 28: 3848-3856.

Arbieu, H., Mehring, M., Bunnefeld, N., Kaczensky, P., Reinhardt, I., Ansorge, H., Boehning-Gaese, K., Glikman, J., Kluth, G., Nowak, C., Müller, T. (2019). Attitudes towards returning wolves (Canis lupus) in Germany: Exposure, information sources and trust matter. Biological Conservation 234: 202-210.

Karssene, Y., Godinho, R., Chammem, M., Cocchiararo, B., Nouira, S., Nowak, C. (2019). Noninvasive DNA sampling and camera trapping suggest dramatic regional conservation status of an understudied carnivore: the Rüppell’s fox in Tunisia. Journal of Natural History 53: 1439-1449.

Reinhardt, I., Kluth, G., Nowak, C., Szentiks, C., Krone, O., Ansorge, H., Müller, T. (2019). Military training areas facilitate the re-colonization of wolves in Germany. Conservation Letters: e12635.

Ali, T., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Schmuker, A., Buch, A.-K., Dutbayev, A., Glynou, K., Khaliq, I., Kachour, L., Kitner, M., Nigrelli, L., Ploch, S., Runge, F., Solovyeva, I., Xia, X., Çelik, A., Gabrielyan, I., Vakhrusheva, L., Maciá-Vicente, J.G., Nowak, C., Thines, M. (2019). Out of Transcaucasia: Origin of western and central Palearctic populations of Microthlaspi perfoliatum. Flora 253: 127-141.

Foucault, Q., Wieser, A., Heumann-Kiesler, C., Diogo, J., Cocchiararo, B., Nowak, C., Waldvogel, A.M. & Pfenninger, M. (2019). An experimental assessment of reproductive isolation and its consequences for seasonal hybridization dynamics. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126 (2): 327-337.

Wittwer, C., Stoll, S., Strand, D., Vrålstad, T., Thines, M. & Nowak, C. (2019). eDNA-based crayfish plague detection as practical tool for biomonitoring andrisk assessment of A. astaci-positive crayfish populations. Biological Invasions 21 (4): 1075-1088

Karssene, Y., Nowak, C., Chammem, M., Cocchiararo, B., Nouira, S. (2019). Genetic diversity of the genus Vulpes (Red fox and Fennec fox) in Tunisia based on mitochondrial DNA and noninvasive DNA sampling. Mammalian Biology 96: 118-123.



Karssene, Y., Chammem, M., Nowak, C., de Smet, K., Castro, D., Eddine, A., Lopes, S., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Cocchiararo, B., Klees, D., van der Leer, P., Nouira, S., Godinho, R. (2018). Noninvasive genetic assessment provides evidence of extensive gene flow and possible high movement ability in the African golden wolf. Mammalian Biology 92: 94-101.

Hollerbach, L., Heurich, M., Reiners, T.E., Nowak, C. (2018). Detection dogs allow for systematic non-invasive collection of DNA samples from Eurasian lynx. Mammalian Biology 90: 42-46.

Bálint, M., Nowak, C., Márton, O., Pauls, S.U., Wittwer, C., Aramayo, J.L., Schulze, A., Chambert, T., Cocchiararo, B., Jansen, M. (2018). Accuracy, limitations and cost-efficiency of eDNA-based community survey in tropical frogs. Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 1415-1426.

Förster, D., Bull, J., Lenz, D., Autenrieth, M., Paijmans, J., Kraus, R., Nowak, C., Bayerl, H., Kuehn, R., Saveljev, A., Sindičić, M., Hofreiter, M., Schmidt, K., Fickel, J. (2018). Targeted re-sequencing of coding DNA sequences for SNP discovery in non-model species. Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 1356-1373.

Bayerl, H., Kraus, R.H.S., Nowak, C., Foerster, D.W., Fickel, J., Kuehn. R. (2018). Fast and cost-effective single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection in the absence of a reference genome using semi-deep next generation random amplicon sequencing (RAMseq). Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 107-117.

Wittwer, C., Nowak, C., Strand, D., Vralstad, T., Thines, M., Stoll, S. (2018). Comparison of two water sampling approaches for crayfish plague detection. Limnologica 70: 1-9.

Karamanlidis, A.A., Skrbinsek, T. ,Krampokoukis, L., de Gabriel Hernando, M., Munoz-Fuentes, V., Bailey, Z., Nowak, C., Stronen. A, (2018). History-driven population structure and asymmetric gene flow in a recovering large carnivore at the rear-edge of its European range. Heredity 120: 168

Wittwer, C., Stoll, S., Strand, D., Vrålstad, T., Nowak, C., Thines, M. (2018). eDNA-based crayfish plague monitoring is superior to conventional trap-based assessments in year-round detection probability. Hydrobiologia 807: 87-97.



Reiners TE, Fuchs M, Hailer F, Janke A, Nowak C: Establishing species-specific sexing markers suitable for non-invasive samples of species lacking genomic resources – an example using the highly endangered common hamster Cricetus cricetus. Conservation Genetics Resources, 9: 253-255

Zwijacz-Kozica T, Ważna A, Muñoz-Fuentes V, Tiesmeyer A, Cichocki J, Nowak C: Not European wildcats, but domestic cats inhabit Tatra National Park. Polish Journal of Ecology, 65: 115-121

Tahir A, Muñoz-Fuentes V, Schmuker A, Buch, AK, Celik A, Dutbayev A, GabrielyanI, Glynou K, Kitner M, Kaliq I, Nigrelli L, Macia-Vicente J, Ploch S, Runge F,Solovyeva I, Vakhrusheva L, Xia X Nowak C, Thines M: Genetic patterns reflecting Pleistocene range dynamics in the annual calcicole plant Microthlaspi erraticum across its Eurasian range. Flora, 236-237: 132-142

von Thaden A, Cocchiararo B, Jarausch A, Jüngling H, Karamanlidis A A, Tiesmeyer A, Nowak C, Muñoz-Fuentes V: Assessing SNP genotyping of noninvasively collected wildlife samples using microfluidic arrays. Nature Scientific Reports, 7:10768

Lesniak I, Heckmann I, Heitlinger E, Szentiks CA, Nowak C, Harms V, Jarausch A, Reinhardt I, Kluth G, Hofer H, Krone O: Population expansion and individual age affect endoparasite richness and diversity in a recolonising large carnivore population. Nature Scientific Reports, 7: 41730

Lukas JAY, Jourdan J, Kalinkat G, Emde S, Miesen FW, Jüngling H, Cocchiararo B, Bierbach D: On the occurrence of three non-native cichlid species including the first record of a feral population of Pelmatolapia (Tilapia) mariae (Boulenger, 1899) in Europe. Royal Society Open Science, 10.1098/rsos.170160

Schäfer F, Reiners TE: Long term vs. short term impact of founder relatedness on gene diversity and inbreeding within the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) of the red panda (Ailurus f. fulgens). Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 5: 86-91

Pedrosa J, Cocchiararo B, Verdelhos T, Soares AM, Pestana JLT, Nowak C: Population genetic structure and hybridization patterns in the cryptic sister species Chironomus riparius and C. piger across differentially polluted freshwater systems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 141: 280-289

Eddine A, Mostefai N, De Smet K, Klees D, Ansorge H, Karssene Y, Nowak C, Van Der Leer P: Diet composition of a newly recognized canid species, the African golden wolf (Canis anthus), in northern Algeria. Annales Zoologici Fennici,  54: 347-356

Pedrosa J, Campos D, Cocchiararo B, Soares AMVM, Barata C, Nowak C, Pestana JLT: Evolutionary consequences of historical metal contamination for natural populations of Chironomus riparius (Diptera: Chironomidae). Ecotoxicology, 26: 534-546

Pedrosa J, Machado AL, Cocchiararo B, Soares AMVM, Nowak C, Pestana JLT: Assessing the suitability of genetic diversity of Chironomus riparius (Meigen) as an indicator of environmental pollution. Ecological Indicators, 78: 115-124

Melosik I, Ziomek J, Winnicka K, Reiners TE, Banaszek A, Mammen K, Mammen U, Marciszak A: The genetic characterization of an isolated remnant population of an endangered rodent (Cricetus cricetus L.) using comparative data: implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics, 18: 759-775

La Haye MJJ, Reiners TE, Raedts R, Verbist V, HP Koelewijn: Genetic monitoring to evaluate reintroduction attempts of a highly endangered rodent. Conservation Genetics, 18: 877-892

Pedrosa J, Gravato C, Campos D, Cardoso P, Figueira EMAP, Nowak C, Soares AMVM, Barata C, Pestana JLT: Investigating heritability of cadmium tolerance in Chironomus riparius natural populations: A physiological approach. Chemosphere, 170: 83-94

Barnosky AD, Hadly EA, Gonzalez P, Head J, Polly PD, Lawing AM, Eronen JT, Ackerly DD, Alex K, Biber E, Blois J, Brashares J, Ceballos G, Davis E, Dietl GP, Dirzo R, Doremus H, Fortelius M, Greene H, Hellmann J, Hickler T, Jackson ST, Kemp M, Koch PL, Kremen C, Lindsey EL, Looy C,  Marshall CR, Mendenhall C, Mulch A, Mychajliw AM, Nowak C, Ramakrishnan U, Schnitzler J, Kashish DS, Solari K, Stegner L, Allison Stegner M, Stenseth NC, Wake MH, Zhang Z: No going back: Merging paleontology with conservation biology to guide the future of terrestrial ecosystems. Science, 355: eaah4787

Pedrosa J, Cocchiararo B, Bordalo MD, Rodrigues AC, Soares AMVM; Barata C, Nowak C, Pestana JLT: The role of genetic diversity and past-history selection pressures in the susceptibility of Chironomus riparius populations to environmental stress. Science of the Total Enviroment, 576: 807-816

Beutel T, Reineking B, Tiesmeyer A, Nowak C, Heurich M: Unexpected detection of the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) in the Bavarian Forest National Park: Spatial patterns of co-occurrence with the domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus). Wildlife Biology, 10.2981/wlb.00284



Hindrikson M, Remm J, Pilot M, Godinho R, Stronen AV, Baltrūnaité L, Czarnomska SD, Leonard JA, Randi E, Nowak C, Åkesson M, López-Bao JV, Álvares F, Llaneza L, Echegaray J, Vilà C, Ozolins J, Rungis D, Aspi J, Paule L, Skrbinšek T, Saarma U: Wolf population genetics in Europe: a systematic review, meta-analysis and suggestions for conservation and management. Biological Reviews, 92: 1601-1629

Kutschera VE, Frosch C, Janke A, Skírnisson K, Bidon T, Lecomte N, Fain SR, Eiken HG, Hagen SB, Arnason U, Laidre KL, Nowak C, Hailer F: High genetic variability of vagrant polar bears illustrates importance of population connectivity in fragmented sea ice habitats. Animal Conservation, 19: 337–349

Steyer K, Kraus R H S, Mölich T, Anders O, Cocchiararo B, Frosch C, Geib A, Götz M, Herrmann M, Hupe K, Kohnen A, Krüger M, Müller F, Pir J B, Reiners T E, Roch S, Schade U, Schiefenhövel P, Siemund M, Simon O, Steeb S, Streif S, Streit B, Thein J, Tiesmeyer A, Trinzen M, Vogel B, Nowak C: Large-scale genetic census of an elusive carnivore, the European wildcat (Felis s. silvestris). Conservation Genetics, 17: 1183–1199

de Groot GA, Nowak C, Skrbinšek T, Andersen L, Aspi J, Fumagalli L, Godinho R, Harms, V, Jansman HAH, Liberg O, Marucco F, Mysłajek RW, Nowak S, Pilot M, Randi E, Reinhardt I, Śmietana W, Szewczyk M, Taberlet P, Vilà C, Muñoz-Fuentes V: Decades of population genetic research call for harmonization of molecular markers: the grey wolf, Canis lupus, as a case study. Mammal Review, 46: 44–59




Natarajan C, Projecto-Garcia J, Moriyama H, Weber RE, Muñoz-Fuentes V, Green AJ, Kopuchian C, Tubaro PL, Alza L, Bulgarella M, Smith MM, Wilson RE, Fago A, McCracken KG, Storz JF: Convergent evolution of hemoglobin function in high-altitude Andean waterfowl involves limited parallelism at the molecular sequence level. PLoS Genetics, 11: e1005681

Kraus RHS, vonHoldt B, Cocchiararo B, Harms V, Bayerl H, Kühn R, Förster DW, Fickel J, Roos C, Nowak C: A single-nucleotide polymorphism-based approach for rapid and cost-effective genetic wolf monitoring in Europe based on non-invasively collected samples. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15: 295-305

Gottschalk TK, Reiners TE:  Forest conversion can help to mitigate impacts of climate change on common forest birds. Annals of Forest Science, 72: 335-348

Syrůčková A, Saveljev AP, Frosch C, Durka W, Savelyev AA, Munclinger P: Genetic relationships within colonies suggest genetic monogamy in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Mammal Research, 60: 139-147

Andersen LW, Harms V, Caniglia R, Czarnomska SD , Fabbri E,   Jędrzejewska B, Kluth G, Madsen AB, Nowak C, Pertoldi C, Randi E, Reinhardt I, Stronen AV: Long-distance dispersal of a wolf, Canis lupus, in Northwestern Europe. Mammal Research, 60: 163-168

Geismar J, Haase P, Nowak C, Sauer J, Pauls SU: Local population genetic structure of the montane caddisfly Drusus discolor is driven by overland dispersal and spatial scaling. Freshwater Biology, 60: 209-221

Harms V, Nowak C, Carl S, Muñoz-Fuentes V: Experimental evaluation of genetic predator identification from saliva traces on wildlife kills. Journal of Mammalogy, 96: 138-143



Brennan AC, Woodward G, Seehausen O, Muñoz-Fuentes V, Moritz C, Guelmami A, Abbott RJ, Edelaar P: Hybridization due to changing species distributions: adding problems or solutions to conservation of biodiversity during global change? Evolutionary Ecology Research, 16: 475-49

Meinig H, Buschmann A, Reiners TE, Neukirchen M, Balzer S, Petermann R: Der Status des Feldhamsters (Cricetus cricetus) in Deutschland. Natur und Landschaft, 89: 338-343

Köhler U, Geske C, Mammen K, Martens S, Reiners TE, Schreiber R, Weinhold U: Maßnahmen zum Schutz des Feldhamsters (Cricetus cricetus) in Deutschland. Natur und Landschaft, 89: 344-349

Reiners TE, Nowak C: Nicht invasive genetische Untersuchungen des Feldhamsters und ihr Beitrag zu Erfassung, Monitoring und Populationsabgrenzung. Natur und Landschaft, 89: 356-363

Muñoz-Fuentes V, Linde-Forsberg C, Vilà C, Morrell JM: Single layer centrifugation separates spermatozoa from diploid cells in epididymal samples from grey wolves, Canis lupus (L.). Theriogenology,  82: 773-776

Frosch C, Kraus RHS, Angst C, Allgöwer R, Michaux J, Teubner J, Nowak C: The genetic legacy of multiple beaver reintroductions in Central Europe. PLoS ONE, 9(5): e97619

Helen S, Ogden, R, Frosch C, Syrůčková A, Campbell-Palmer R, Munclinger P, Durka W, Kraus RKS, Saveljev A, Nowak C, Stubbe A, Stubbe M, Michaux J, Lavrov V, Samiya R, Ulevicius A, Rosell F: Nuclear and mitochondrial genetic structure in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) – implications for future reintroductions. Evolutionary Applications, 7: 645-662.

Frosch C, Dutsov A , Zlatanova D, Valchev K, Reiners TE, Steyer K, Pfenninger M, Nowak C: Noninvasive genetic assessment of brown bear population structure in Bulgarian mountain regions. Mammalian Biology, 79: 268-276.

Reiners TE, Eidenschenk J, Neumann K, and Nowak C: Preservation of genetic diversity in a wild and captive population of a rapidly declining mammal, the Common hamster of the French Alsace region. Mammalian Biology, 79: 240-246.

McEwing R, Frosch C, Rosell  F and Campbell-Palmer R: A DNA assay for rapid discrimination between beaver species as a tool for alien species management. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 60: 547-550.

Nowak C, Domokos C, Dutsov A and Frosch C: Molecular evidence for historic long-distance translocations of brown bears in the Balkan region. Conservation Genetics, 15: 743-747.

Nowak C, Büntjen M, Steyer K, Frosch C: Testing mitochondrial markers for noninvasive genetic species identification in European mammals. Conservation Genetics Resources, 6: 41-44

Nowak C, Zuther S, Leontyev SV, Geismar J: Rapid development of microsatellite markers for the critically endangered Saiga (Saiga tatarica) using Illumina® Miseq Next Generation Sequencing technology. Conservation Genetics Resources, 6: 159-162

Greminger MP, Stölting KN, Nater A, Goossens B, Arora N, Bruggmann R, Patrignani A, Nussberger B, Sharma R, Kraus RHS, Ambu LN, Singleton I, Chikhi L, van Schaik CP, Krützen M: Generation of SNP datasets for orangutan population genomics using improved reduced‐representation sequencing and direct comparisons of SNP calling algorithms. BMC Genomics, 15: 16



Gravendeel B, de Groot A, Kik M, Beentjes KK, Bergman H, Caniglia R, Cremers H, Fabbri E, Groenenberg D, Grone A, Bruinderink GG, Font L, Hakhof J, Harms V, Jansman H, Janssen R, Lammertsma D, Laros I, Linnartz L, van der Marel D, Mulder JL, van der Mije S, Nieman AM, Nowak C, Randi E, Rijks M, Speksnijder A, Vonhof HB: The first wolf found in the Netherlands in 150 years was the victim of a wildlife crime. Lutra 56: 93-109

Kurvers RHJM, Adamczyk VMAP, Kraus RHS, van Wieren SE, van der Jeugd HP, Hoffman JI, Amos W, Prins HHT and Jonker RM: Context-dependence of familiarity and kinship in animal social networks. Animal Behaviour, 86: 993-1001

Jonker RM, Kraus RHS, Zhang Q, van Hooft P, Larsson K, Van der Jeugd HP, Kurvers RHJM, van Wieren SE, Loonen MJJE, Crooijmans RPMA, Ydenberg RC, Groenen MAM and Prins HHT: Genetic consequences of breaking migratory traditions in barnacle geese Branta leucopsis. Molecular Ecology, 22: 5835-5847

Pauls SU, Nowak C, Balint M, Pfenninger M: The impact of global climate change on genetic diversity within populations and species. Molecular Ecology, 22; 925-946.

Kraus RHS, van Hooft P, Megens H-J , Tsvey A, Fokin SY, Ydenberg RC and Prins HHT: Global lack of flyway structure in a cosmopolitan bird revealed by a genome wide survey of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Molecular Ecology, 22: 41-55

Huang Y, Li YR, Burt DW, Chen H, Zhang Y, Qian W, Kim H, Gan S, Zhao Y, Li J, Yi K, Feng H, Zhu P, Li B, Liu Q, Fairley S, Magor KE, Du Z, Hu X, Goodman L, Tafer H, Vignal A, Lee T, Kim K-W, Sheng Z, An Y, Searle S, Herrero J, Groenen MAM, Crooijmans RPMA, Faraut T, Cai Q, Webster RG, Aldridge JR, Warren WC, Bartschat S, Kehr S, Marz M, Stadler PF, Smith J, Kraus RHS, Zhao Y, Ren L, Fei J, Morisson M, Kaiser P, Griffin DK, Rao M, Pitel F, Wang J and Li N: The duck genome and transcriptome provide insight into an avian influenza virus reservoir species. Nature Genetics, 45: 776-783

Kutschera VE , Lecomte N, Janke A, Selva N, Sokolov AA, Haun T, Steyer K, Nowak C and Hailer F: A range-wide synthesis and timeline for phylogeographic events in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13:114

Hartmann SA, Steyer K, Kraus RHS, Segelbacher G, Nowak C: Potential barriers to gene flow in the endangered European wildcat (Felis silvestris). Conservation Genetics, 14: 413-426

Vogt C, Langer-Jaesrich M, Elsässer O, Schmitt C, Van Dongen S, Nowak C: Effects of inbreeding on mouthpart deformities of Chironomus riparius under sublethal pesticide exposure. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 32: 423-425

Steyer K, Simon O, Kraus RHS, Haase P, Nowak C: Hair trapping with valerian-treated lure sticks as a tool for genetic wildcat monitoring in low-density habitats. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 59: 39-46

Geismar J, Nowak C: Isolation and characterisation of new microsatellite markers for the stonefly Brachyptera braueri comparing a traditional approach with high throughput 454 sequencing. Conservation Genetics Resources, 5: 413-416

Bidon T, Frosch C, EIken HG, Kutschera V, Hagen SB, Aarnes SG, Faint SR, Janke A, Hailer F: A sensitive and specific multiplex PCR approach for sex identification of ursine and tremarctine bears suitable for non-invasive samples. Molecular Ecology Resources, 13: 362-368

Nemec S, Patel S, Nowak C & Pfenninger M: Evolutionary determinants of population differences in population growth rate x habitat temperature interactions in Chironomus riparius. Oecologia, 172: 585-594

Ernst A, Sauer J, Wittig R, Nowak C: Local genetic structure of a montane herb among isolated grassland patches: implications for the preservation of genetic diversity under climate change. Population Ecology, 55: 417-431



Jonker RM, Zhang Q, Crooijmans RPMA, Groenen MAM, Van Hooft P, Loonen MJJE, Van der Jeugd HP, Prins HHT and Kraus RHS: The development of a SNP set for the Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis. PLoS ONE, 7: e38412

Bálint M, Málnás K, Nowak C, Geismar J, Váncsa E, Polyák L, Lengyel S, Haase P: Species history masks the effects of human-induced range loss – unexpected genetic diversity in the endangered giant mayfly Palingenia longicauda. PLoS ONE 7: e31872

Thielsch A, Völker E, Kraus RHS, Schwenk K: Discrimination of hybrid classes using cross-species amplification of microsatellite loci: methodological challenges and solutions in Daphnia. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12: 697-705

Kappes H, Katzschner L, Nowak C: Urban summer heat load: meteorological data as a proxy for metropolitan biodiversity. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 21: 525-528

Nowak C, Vogt C, Oehlmann J, Pfenninger M, Schwenk K, Streit B, Oetken M: Impact of genetic diversity and inbreeding on the life-history of Chironomus midges over consecutive generations. Chemosphere, 88: 988-993

Nemec S, Heß M, Nowak C, Pfenninger M: Experimental evidence for niche segregation in a species pair of non-biting midges. Hydrobiologia, 691: 203-212

Kraus RHS, Kerstens HHD, van Hooft P, Megens H-J, Elmberg J, Tsvey A, Sartakov D, Soloviev SA, Crooijmans RPMA, Groenen MAM, Ydenberg RC, Prins HHT: Widespread horizontal genomic exchange does not erode species barriers among sympatric ducks. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12: 45

Müller R, Seeland A, Jagodzinski L, Diogo J, Nowak C, Oehlmann J: Simulated climate change conditions unveil the toxic potential of the fungicide pyrimethanil on the midge Chironomus riparius: a multigenerational experiment. Ecology and Evolution, 2: 196-210



Balint M, Domisch S, Engelhardt CHM, Haase P, Lehrian S, Sauer J,  Theissinger J, Pauls SU, Nowak C: Cryptic biodiversity loss linked to global climate change. Nature Climate Change, 1: 313-318

Sauer J, Domisch S, Nowak C, Haase P: Low mountain ranges: summit traps for montane freshwater species under climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20: 3133-3146

Kraus RHS, Zeddeman A, van Hooft P, Sartakov D, Soloviev SA, Ydenberg R, Prins CHHT: Evolution and connectivity in the world-wide migration system of the mallard: inferences from mitochondrial DNA. BMC Genetics, 12: 99 (Highly accessed)

Geismar J, Sauer J, Haase P, Nowak C: New microsatellite markers for the assessment of fine-scale dispersal patterns in the endangered montane caddisfly Drusus discolor. Conservation Genetics Resources, 3: 605-607

Frosch C, Haase P, Nowak C: First set of microsatellite markers for genetic characterization of the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) based on tissue and hair samples. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57: 679-682

Frosch C, Dutsov A, Georgiev G, Nowak C: Case report of a fatal bear attack documented by forensic wildlife genetics. Forensic Science International-Genetics, 5: 342-344



 Vogt, C, Hess M, Nowak C, Diogo JB, Oehlmann J,  Oetken M: Effects of cadmium on life-cycle parameters in a multi-generation study with Chironomus riparius following a pre-exposure of populations to two different tributyltin concentrations for several generations. Ecotoxicology, 19: 1174-1182

Michl T, Huck S, Schmitt T, Liebrich A, Haase P, Büdel B: The molecular population structure of the tall forb Cicerbita alpina (Asteraceae) supports the idea of cryptic glacial refugia in central Europe. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 164:142-154



Zakharov EV, Lobo NF, Nowak C,  Hellmann JJ:  Introgression as a likely cause of mtDNA paraphyly in two allopatric skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Heredity, 102: 590-599

Senapati S, Mahon AR, Gordon J, Nowak C, Sengupta S, Powell THQ, Feder J, Lodge DM, Chang HC: Rapid on-chip genetic detection microfluidic platform for real world applications. Biomicrofluidics, 3: 022407

Nowak C, Vogt C, Pfenninger M, Schwenk K, Oehlmann J, Streit B, Oetken M: Rapid genetic erosion in pollutant-exposed experimental chironomid populations. Environmental Pollution, 157: 881-886

Nowak C, Brown CM, Hellmann JJ: Microsatellite markers for the hybridizing tiger swallowtails, Papilio glaucus and P. canadensis, and their applicability to historic specimens and congeneric species. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9: 800-803



Nowak C, Czeikowitz A, Vogt C, Oetken M, Streit B, Schwenk K: Variation in sensitivity to cadmium among genetically characterized laboratory strains of the midge Chironomus riparius. Chemosphere, 71: 1950-1956

Pfenninger M, Nowak C: Reproductive Isolation and Ecological Niche Partition among Larvae of the Morphologically Cryptic Sister Species Chironomus riparius and C. piger. Plos One, 3: e2157


Non peer reviewed articles



Simon O, Lang J, Volmer K, Eskens U, Steeb S, Müller F, Nowak C, Steyer K, Hupe K, Götz M: Rückkehr der Wildkatzen – Rückkehr auf Samtpfoten. Pirsch, 3: 24-29.



Nowak C, Frosch C, Harms V, Reiners TE, Steyer K, Tiesmeyer A, Wertheimer J: Genetische Erfassung ausgewählter Säugetiere in Deutschland – hochsensitive DNA-Analytik im Dienste des Artenschutzes. Säugetierkundliche Informationen, 48: 331.



Haase P, Hering D, Hoffmann A, Müller R, Nowak C, Pauls SU, Stoll S, Straile D: Auswirkungen auf limnische Lebensräume. In: Klimawandel und Biodiversität: Folgen für Deutschland. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 91-105.

Kraus RHS, Reiners TE and Nowak C: Preface and Invitation – 86th Annual Conference of the German Society of Mammalogy (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde e.V.) Frankfurt a.M., 4th–8th September 2012. Mammalian Biology, 77:1-25.

Nowak C: Gans oder gar nicht? Zur systematischen Stellung der Nilgans (Alopochen aegyptiacus). Vogel und Umwelt, 19: 81-86.

Nowak C, Balint M, Liebrich A, Domisch S, Sauer J, Bauer M, Früh D, Geismar J, Nemec S, Wittig R, Haase P, Pauls S: Assessing the fate of montane biodiversity in Europe under Climate Change- a novel approach using species distribution modeling and population genetics. In: H Korn, K Kraus, J Stadler (Eds.) Proceedings of the European Conference on Biodiversity and Climate Change ? Science, Practice and Policy? BfN Skripten, 310: 26-27.



Harms V, Steyer K, Frosch C, Nowak C: Wolfsforschung im Molekularlabor. Natur Forschung Museum, 141: 174-181.

Ansorge H, Nowak C: Die Rückkehr der Wölfe. Senckenberg forscht für Wolf und Mensch. Natur Forschung Museum, 141, 36-37.

Frosch C, Nowak C: Genetische Erfassung des Braunbären in Bulgarien. ZGF Gorilla, 2/2011: 16-19.



Nowak C, Balint M, Pauls S: Auswirkungen der Klimaerwärmung auf die genetische Vielfalt – eine bislang unbekannte Bedrohung?. Natur und Museum, 140: 252-253.

Sauer J, Balint M, Domisch S, Nowak C & Haase P: Modellierung klimabedingter Nischenverschiebung bei montanen aquatischen Insekten – vom Verlust genetischer Vielfalt bis zum Aussterben einer ganzen Gemeinschaft. In: Epple C, Korn H, Kraus K, Stadler J (Eds): Biologische Vielfalt und Klimawandel. BfN-Skripten, 274: 19-21.



Nowak C, Steyer K: Eine haarige Spurensuche ‐ Molekulargenetische Untersuchungsmethoden im Dienste des Wildkatzenschutzes. ZGF Gorilla, 2/2009: 15‐16.