Conservation Genetics


Peer reviewed articles


Mayer, M., Olsen, K., Schulz, B., Matzen, J., Nowak, C., Thomsen, P.F., Hansen, M.M., Vedel-Smith, C. & Sunde, P. (2022). Occurrence and livestock depredation patterns by wolves in highly cultivated landscapes. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 10: 783027.

Matias, G., Rosalino, L.M., Alves, P.C., Tiesmeyer, A., Nowak, C., Ramos, L., Steyer, K., Astaras, C., Brix, M., Domokos, C., Janssen, R., Kitchener, A.C., Mestdagh, X., L’Hoste, L., Titeux, N., Migli, D., Youlatos, D., Pfenninger, M., Devillard, S., Ruette, S., Anile, S., Ferreras, P., Diaz-Ruiz, F. & Monterroso, P. (2022). Genetic integrity of European wildcats: Variation across biomes mandates geographically tailored conservation strategies. Biological Conservation 268: 109518.

Ciucani, M.M., Ramos-Madrigal, J., Hernández-Alonso, G., Carmagnini, A., Aninta, S.G., Scharff-Olsen, H., Lanigan, L.T., Fracasso, I., Clausen, C.G., Aspi, J., Kojola, I., Baltrūnaitė, L., Balčiauskas, L., Moore, J., Åkesson, M., Saarma, U., Hindrikson, M., Hulva, P., Bolfíková, B.C., Nowak, C., Godinho, R., Smith, S., Paule, L., Nowak, S., Mysłajek, R.W., Lo Brutto, S., Ciucci, P.,Boitani, L., Vernesi, C., Stenøien, H.K., Smith, O., Frantz, L., Rossi, L., Angelici, F.M., Cilli, E., Sinding, M.H.S., Gilbert, M.T.P. & Gopalakrishnan, S. (2022). Genomes of the extinct Sicilian wolf reveal a complex history of isolation and admixture with ancient dogs. bioRxiv: doi: 10.1101/2022.01.21.477289.

Stronen, A.V., Mattucci, F., Fabbri, E., Galaverni, M., Cocchiararo, B., Nowak, C., Godinho, R., Ruiz-González, A., Kusak, J., Skrbinšek, T., Randi, E., Vlasseva, A., Mucci, N. & Caniglia, R. (2022). A reduced SNP panel to trace gene flow across southern European wolf populations and detect hybridization with other Canis taxa. Scientific Reports 12: 4195.

Stronen, A.V., Aspi, J., Caniglia, R., Fabbri, E., Galaverni, M., Godinho, R., Kvist, L., Mattucci, F., Nowak, C., von Thaden, A. & Harmoinen, J. (2022). Wolf-dog admixture highlights the need for methodological standards and multidisciplinary cooperation for effective governance of wild x domestic hybrids. Biological Conservation 266: 109467.

Mueller, S.A., Prost, S., Anders, O., Breitenmoser-Würsten, C., Kleven, O., Klinga, P., Konec, M., Kopatz, A., Krojerová-Prokesova, J., Middelhoff, T.L., Obexer-Ruff, G., Reiners, T.E., Schmidt, K., Sindicic, M., Skrbinsek, T., Tám, B., Saveljev, A.P., Naranbaatar, G. & Nowak, C. (2022). Genome-wide diversity loss in reintroduced Eurasian lynx populations urges immediate conservation management. Biological Conservation 266: 109442.

Leyhausen, J., Cocchiararo, B., Nowak, C., Ansorge, H., Bertolino, S., Büchner, S., Fietz, J., Foppen, R., Juškaitis, R., La Haye, M., Lang, J., Michaux, J., Verbeylen, G., von Thaden, A. & Mueller, S.A. (2022). Genotyping-by-sequencing based SNP discovery in a non-model rodent, the endangered hazel dormouse. Conservation Genetics Resources 14: 195-201.



Cozzi, G., Hollerbach, L., Suter, S.M., Reiners, T.E., Kunz, F., Tettamanti, F. & Ozgul, A. (2021). Eyes, ears, or nose? Comparison of three non-invasive methods to survey wolf recolonisation. Mammalian Biology 101: 881-893.

von Thaden, A., Cocchiararo, B., Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Reinert, K., Tuchscherer, I., Janke, A. & Nowak, C. (2021). Informing conservation strategies with museum genomics: Long-term effects of past anthropogenic persecution on the elusive European wildcat. Ecology and Evolution 11: 17932-17951.

Behr, F., Fritsch, G., Collet, S., Ghani, N., Cocchiararo, B., Knorr, K., Müller, T., Freuling, C., Sprenger, J. & Szentiks, C.A. (2021). Unusual case of automutilation in a free-ranging grey wolf (Canis lupus). Forensic Science International: Animals and Environments 1: 100019.

Harmoinen, J., von Thaden, A., Aspi, J., Kvist, L., Cocchiararo, B., Jarausch, A., Gazzola, A., Sin, T., Lohi, H., Hytönen, M.K., Kojola, I., Stronen, A.V., Caniglia, R., Mattucci, F., Galaverni, M., Godinho, R., Ruiz-González, A., Randi, E., Muñoz-Fuentes, V. & Nowak, C. (2021). Reliable wolf-dog hybrid detection in Europe using a reduced SNP panel developed for non-invasively collected samples. BMC Genomics 22: 473.

Pfenninger, M., Reuss, F., KIebler, A., Schönnenbeck, P., Caliendo, C., Gerber, S., Cocchiararo, B., Reuter, S., Blüthgen, N., Mody, K., Mishra, B., Bálint, M., Thines, M. & Feldmeyer, B. (2021). Genomic basis for drought resistance in European beech forests threatened by climate change. eLife 10: e65532.

Sunde, P., Collet, S., Nowak, C., Thomsen, P.F., Hansen, M.M., Schulz, B., Matzen, J., Michler, F.U., Vedel-Smith, C. & Olsen, K. (2021). Where have all the young wolves gone? Traffic and cryptic mortality create a wolf population sink in Denmark and northernmost Germany. Conservation Letters 14: e12812.

Westekemper, K., Tiesmeyer, A., Steyer, K., Nowak, C., Signer, J. & Balkenhol, N. (2021). Do all roads lead to resistance? State road density is the main impediment to gene flow in a flagship species inhabiting a severely fragmented anthropogenic landscape. Ecology and Evolution 11: 8528-8541.

Cocchiararo, B., Polednik, L., Künzelmann, B., Beran, V. & Nowak, C. (2021). Genetische Struktur der Fischotterpopulation im Erzgebirge. Bulletin Vydra 19: 26-35.

Gajdárová, B., Belotti, E., Dula, M., Kleven, O., Kutal, M., Ozolins, J., Nowak, C., Reiners, T., Tám, B., Volfová, J. & Krojerová-Prokesová, J. (2021). Long-distance Eurasian lynx dispersal – a prospect for connecting native and reintroduced populations in Central Europe. Conservation Genetics 22: 799-809.

Szewczyk, M., Nowak, C., Hulva, P., Mergeay, J., Stronen, A., Bolfíková, B., Czarnomska, S., Diserens, T., Fenchuk, V., Figura, M., de Groot, A., Haidt, A., Hansen, M., Jansman, H., Kluth, G., Kwiatkowska, I., Lubinska, K., Michaux, J., Niedzwiecka, N., Nowak, S., Olsen, K., Reinhardt, I., Romanski, M., Schley, L., Smith, S., Spinkyte-Backaitiene, R., Stachyra, P., Stepniak, K., Sunde, P., Thomsen, P., Zwijacz-Kozica, T. & Myslajek, R. (2021). Genetic support for the current discrete conservation unit of the Central European wolf population. Wildlife Biology: wlb.00809.

Jarausch, A., Harms, V., Kluth, G., Reinhardt, I. & Nowak, C. (2021). How the west was won: genetic reconstruction of rapid wolf recolonization into Germany’s anthropogenic landscapes. Heredity 127: 92-106.

Schley, L., Jacobs, M., Collet, S.; Kristiansen, A. & Herr, J. (2021). First wolves in Luxembourg since 1893, originating from the Alpine and Central European populations. Mammalia 85: 193-197.

Hatlauf, J., Böcker, F., Wirk, L., Collet, S., Schley, L., Szabó, L., Hackländer, K., Heltai, M. (2021). Jackal in hide: detection dogs show first success in the quest for golden jackal (Canis aureus) scats. Mammal Research 66: 227-236.



Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Steyer, K., von Thaden, A., Tiesmeyer, A. & Nowak, C. (2020). Revealing the origin of wildcat reappearance after presumed long-term absence. European Journal of Wildlife Research 66: 1-8.

Brugger, M., Jährig, M., Peper, J., Nowak, C., Cocchiararo, B. & Ansorge, H. (2020). Influence of Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) on Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) evaluated by activity density estimates in anthropogenic habitats in Eastern Germany. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 37: 98 -119.

La Haye, M.J.J., Koelewijn, H.P., Raedts, R., Reiners, T.E. & Verbist, V. (2020). DNA samples from genetic monitoring of the Common Hamster (Cricetus cricetus) in the Netherlands. DANS: doi: 10.17026/dans-z3w-nsx9.

Eddine, A., Gomes Rocha, R., Mostefai, N., Karssene, Y., De Smet, K., Brito, J.C., Klees, D., Nowak, C., Cocchiararo, B., Lopes, S., Van Der Leer, P. & Godinho, R. (2020). Demographic expansion of an African opportunistic carnivore during the Neolithic revolution. Biology Letters 16: 20190560.

Riaz, M., Wittwer, C., Nowak, C. & Cocchiararo, B. (2020). An environmental DNA assay for the detection of the regionally endangered freshwater fish Alburnoides bipunctatus in Germany. Conservation Genetic Resources 12: 41-43.

Mueller, S.A., Reiners, T.E., Middelhoff, L., Anders, O. & Nowak, C. (2020). The rise of a large carnivore population in Central Europe: Genetic evaluation of lynx reintroduction in the Harz Mountains. Conservation Genetics 21: 577-587.

von Thaden, A., Nowak, C., Tiesmeyer, A., Reiners, T.E., Alves, P.C., Lyons, L.A., Mattucci, F., Randi, E., Cragnolini, M., Galián, J., Hegyeli, Z., Kitchener, A.C., Lambinet, C., Lucas, J.M., Mölich, T., Ramos, L., Schockert, V. & Cocchiararo, B. (2020). Applying genomic data in wildlife monitoring: Development guidelines for genotyping degraded samples with reduced single nucleotide polymorphism panels. Molecular Ecology Resources 20: 662-680.

Tiesmeyer, A., Ramos, L., Lucas, J.M., Steyer, K., Alves, P.C., Astaras, C., Brix, M., Cragniolini, M., Domokos, C., Jansen, R., Kitchener, A., Mestdagh, X., Migli, D., Mulder, J.L., Schockert, V., Youlato, D., Pfenninger, M. & Nowak, C. (2020). Range-wide patterns of human-mediated hybridisation in European wildcats. Conservation Genetics 21: 247-260.

Riaz, M., Kümmerlen, M., Wittwer, C., Cocchiararo, B., Khaliq, I., Pfenninger, M. & Nowak, C. (2020). Combining environmental DNA and species distribution modeling to evaluate reintroduction success of a freshwater fish. Ecological Applications 30: e02034.

Haubrock, P.J., Innocenti, G., Mueller, S.A., Rothman, S.B.S., Galil, B.S., & Goren, M. (2020). Prey availability and community composition: Diet analysis of the black angler fish Lophius budegassa Spinola, 1807 in the south-eastern Mediterranean Sea. Regional Studies in Marine Science 33: 100940.



Holderegger, R., Balkenhol, N., Bolliger, J., Engler, J.O., Gugerli, F., Hochkirch, A., Nowak, C., Segelbacher, G., Widmer, A. & Zachos, F.E. (2019). Conservation genetics: linking science with practice. Molecular Ecology 28: 3848-3856.

Arbieu, H., Mehring, M., Bunnefeld, N., Kaczensky, P., Reinhardt, I., Ansorge, H., Boehning-Gaese, K., Glikman, J., Kluth, G., Nowak, C. & Müller, T. (2019). Attitudes towards returning wolves (Canis lupus) in Germany: Exposure, information sources and trust matter. Biological Conservation 234: 202-210.

Karssene, Y., Godinho, R., Chammem, M., Cocchiararo, B., Nouira, S. & Nowak, C. (2019). Noninvasive DNA sampling and camera trapping suggest dramatic regional conservation status of an understudied carnivore: the Rüppell’s fox in Tunisia. Journal of Natural History 53: 1439-1449.

Reinhardt, I., Kluth, G., Nowak, C., Szentiks, C., Krone, O., Ansorge, H. & Müller, T. (2019). Military training areas facilitate the re-colonization of wolves in Germany. Conservation Letters: e12635.

Ali, T., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Schmuker, A., Buch, A.-K., Dutbayev, A., Glynou, K., Khaliq, I., Kachour, L., Kitner, M., Nigrelli, L., Ploch, S., Runge, F., Solovyeva, I., Xia, X., Çelik, A., Gabrielyan, I., Vakhrusheva, L., Maciá-Vicente, J.G., Nowak, C. & Thines, M. (2019). Out of Transcaucasia: Origin of western and central Palearctic populations of Microthlaspi perfoliatum. Flora 253: 127-141.

Foucault, Q., Wieser, A., Heumann-Kiesler, C., Diogo, J., Cocchiararo, B., Nowak, C., Waldvogel, A.M. & Pfenninger, M. (2019). An experimental assessment of reproductive isolation and its consequences for seasonal hybridization dynamics. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 126 (2): 327-337.

Wittwer, C., Stoll, S., Strand, D., Vrålstad, T., Thines, M. & Nowak, C. (2019). eDNA-based crayfish plague detection as practical tool for biomonitoring andrisk assessment of A. astaci-positive crayfish populations. Biological Invasions 21: 1075-1088.

Karssene, Y., Nowak, C., Chammem, M., Cocchiararo, B. & Nouira, S. (2019). Genetic diversity of the genus Vulpes (Red fox and Fennec fox) in Tunisia based on mitochondrial DNA and noninvasive DNA sampling. Mammalian Biology 96: 118-123.



Karssene, Y., Chammem, M., Nowak, C., de Smet, K., Castro, D., Eddine, A., Lopes, S., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Cocchiararo, B., Klees, D., van der Leer, P., Nouira, S. & Godinho, R. (2018). Noninvasive genetic assessment provides evidence of extensive gene flow and possible high movement ability in the African golden wolf. Mammalian Biology 92: 94-101.

Hollerbach, L., Heurich, M., Reiners, T.E. & Nowak, C. (2018). Detection dogs allow for systematic non-invasive collection of DNA samples from Eurasian lynx. Mammalian Biology 90: 42-46.

Bálint, M., Nowak, C., Márton, O., Pauls, S.U., Wittwer, C., Aramayo, J.L., Schulze, A., Chambert, T., Cocchiararo, B. & Jansen, M. (2018). Accuracy, limitations and cost-efficiency of eDNA-based community survey in tropical frogs. Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 1415-1426.

Förster, D., Bull, J., Lenz, D., Autenrieth, M., Paijmans, J., Kraus, R., Nowak, C., Bayerl, H., Kuehn, R., Saveljev, A., Sindičić, M., Hofreiter, M., Schmidt, K. & Fickel, J. (2018). Targeted re-sequencing of coding DNA sequences for SNP discovery in non-model species. Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 1356-1373.

Bayerl, H., Kraus, R.H.S., Nowak, C., Foerster, D.W., Fickel, J.& Kuehn, R. (2018). Fast and cost-effective single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection in the absence of a reference genome using semi-deep next generation random amplicon sequencing (RAMseq). Molecular Ecology Resources 18: 107-117.

Wittwer, C., Nowak, C., Strand, D., Vralstad, T., Thines, M. & Stoll, S. (2018). Comparison of two water sampling approaches for crayfish plague detection. Limnologica 70: 1-9.

Karamanlidis, A.A., Skrbinsek, T. ,Krampokoukis, L., de Gabriel Hernando, M., Munoz-Fuentes, V., Bailey, Z., Nowak, C. & Stronen, A. (2018). History-driven population structure and asymmetric gene flow in a recovering large carnivore at the rear-edge of its European range. Heredity 120: 168.

Wittwer, C., Stoll, S., Strand, D., Vrålstad, T., Nowak, C. & Thines, M. (2018). eDNA-based crayfish plague monitoring is superior to conventional trap-based assessments in year-round detection probability. Hydrobiologia 807: 87-97.



Reiners, T.E., Fuchs, M., Hailer, F., Janke, A. & Nowak, C. (2017). Establishing species-specific sexing markers suitable for non-invasive samples of species lacking genomic resources – an example using the highly endangered common hamster Cricetus cricetus. Conservation Genetics Resources 9: 253-255.

Zwijacz-Kozica, T., Ważna, A., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Tiesmeyer, A., Cichocki, J. & Nowak, C. (2017). Not European wildcats, but domestic cats inhabit Tatra National Park. Polish Journal of Ecology 65: 115-121.

Tahir, A., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Schmuker, A., Buch, A.K., Celik, A., Dutbayev, A., Gabrielyan, I., Glynou, K., Kitner, M., Kaliq, I., Nigrelli, L., Macia-Vicente, J., Ploch, S., Runge, F., Solovyeva, I., Vakhrusheva, L., Xia, X., Nowak, C. & Thines, M. (2017). Genetic patterns reflecting Pleistocene range dynamics in the annual calcicole plant Microthlaspi erraticum across its Eurasian range. Flora 236-237: 132-142.

von Thaden, A., Cocchiararo, B., Jarausch, A., Jüngling, H., Karamanlidis, A.A., Tiesmeyer, A., Nowak, C. & Muñoz-Fuentes, V. (2017). Assessing SNP genotyping of noninvasively collected wildlife samples using microfluidic arrays. Scientific Reports 7: 10768.

Lesniak, I., Heckmann, I., Heitlinger, E., Szentiks, C.A., Nowak, C., Harms, V., Jarausch, A., Reinhardt, I., Kluth, G., Hofer, H. & Krone, O. (2017). Population expansion and individual age affect endoparasite richness and diversity in a recolonising large carnivore population. Scientific Reports 7: 41730.

Lukas, J.A.Y., Jourdan, J., Kalinkat, G., Emde, S., Miesen, F.W., Jüngling, H., Cocchiararo, B. & Bierbach, D. (2017). On the occurrence of three non-native cichlid species including the first record of a feral population of Pelmatolapia (Tilapia) mariae (Boulenger, 1899) in Europe. Royal Society Open Science 4: 6.

Schäfer, F. & Reiners, T.E. (2017). Long term vs. short term impact of founder relatedness on gene diversity and inbreeding within the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) of the red panda (Ailurus f. fulgens). Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 5: 86-91.

Pedrosa, J., Cocchiararo, B., Verdelhos, T., Soares, A.M., Pestana, J.L.T. & Nowak, C. (2017). Population genetic structure and hybridization patterns in the cryptic sister species Chironomus riparius and C. piger across differentially polluted freshwater systems. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 141: 280-289.

Eddine, A., Mostefai, N., De Smet, K., Klees, D., Ansorge, H., Karssene, Y., Nowak, C. & Van Der Leer, P. (2017). Diet composition of a newly recognized canid species, the African golden wolf (Canis anthus), in northern Algeria. Annales Zoologici Fennici  54: 347-356.

Pedrosa, J., Campos, D., Cocchiararo, B., Soares, A.M.V.M., Barata, C., Nowak, C. & Pestana, J.L.T. (2017). Evolutionary consequences of historical metal contamination for natural populations of Chironomus riparius (Diptera: Chironomidae). Ecotoxicology 26: 534-546.

Pedrosa, J., Machado, A.L., Cocchiararo, B., Soares, A.M.V.M., Nowak, C. & Pestana J.L.T. (2017). Assessing the suitability of genetic diversity of Chironomus riparius (Meigen) as an indicator of environmental pollution. Ecological Indicators 78: 115-124.

Melosik, I., Ziomek, J., Winnicka, K., Reiners, T.E., Banaszek, A., Mammen, K., Mammen, U. & Marciszak, A. (2017). The genetic characterization of an isolated remnant population of an endangered rodent (Cricetus cricetus L.) using comparative data: implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics 18: 759-775.

La Haye, M.J.J., Reiners, T.E., Raedts, R., Verbist, V. & Koelewijn, H.P. (2017). Genetic monitoring to evaluate reintroduction attempts of a highly endangered rodent. Conservation Genetics 18: 877-892.

Pedrosa, J., Gravato, C., Campos, D., Cardoso, P., Figueira, E.M.A.P., Nowak, C., Soares, A.M.V.M., Barata, C. & Pestana, J.L.T. (2017). Investigating heritability of cadmium tolerance in Chironomus riparius natural populations: A physiological approach. Chemosphere 170: 83-94.

Barnosky, A.D., Hadly, E.A., Gonzalez, P., Head, J., Polly, P.D., Lawing, A.M., Eronen, J.T., Ackerly, D.D., Alex, K., Biber, E., Blois, J., Brashares, J., Ceballos, G., Davis, E., Dietl, G.P., Dirzo, R., Doremus, H., Fortelius, M., Greene, H., Hellmann, J., Hickler, T., Jackson, S.T., Kemp, M., Koch, P.L., Kremen, C., Lindsey, E.L., Looy, C.,  Marshall, C.R., Mendenhall, C., Mulch, A., Mychajliw, A.M., Nowak, C., Ramakrishnan, U., Schnitzler, J., Kashish, D.S., Solari, K., Stegner, L., Stegner, M.A., Stenseth, N.C., Wake, M.H. & Zhang, Z. (2017). No going back: Merging paleontology with conservation biology to guide the future of terrestrial ecosystems. Science 355: 6325.

Beutel, T., Reineking, B., Tiesmeyer, A., Nowak, C. & Heurich, M. (2017). Spatial patterns of co-occurrance of the European wildcat Felis silvestris silvestris and domestic cats Felis silvestris catus in the Bavarian Forest National Park. Wildlife Biology 1: 1-8.

Pedrosa, J., Cocchiararo, B., Bordalo, M.D., Rodrigues, A.C., Soares, A.M.V.M., Barata, C., Nowak, C. & Pestana, J.L.T. (2017). The role of genetic diversity and past-history selection pressures in the susceptibility of Chironomus riparius populations to environmental stress. Science of the Total Enviroment 576: 807-816.



Hindrikson, M., Remm, J., Pilot, M., Godinho, R., Stronen, A.V., Baltrūnaité, L., Czarnomska, S.D., Leonard, J.A., Randi, E., Nowak, C., Åkesson, M., López-Bao, J.V., Álvares, F., Llaneza, L., Echegaray, J., Vilà, C., Ozolins, J., Rungis, D., Aspi, J., Paule, L., Skrbinšek, T. & Saarma, U. (2016). Wolf population genetics in Europe: a systematic review, meta-analysis and suggestions for conservation and management. Biological Reviews 92: 1601-1629.

Kutschera, V.E., Frosch, C., Janke, A., Skírnisson, K., Bidon, T., Lecomte, N., Fain, S.R., Eiken, H.G., Hagen, S.B., Arnason, U., Laidre, K.L., Nowak, C. & Hailer, F. (2016). High genetic variability of vagrant polar bears illustrates importance of population connectivity in fragmented sea ice habitats. Animal Conservation 19: 337–349.

Steyer, K., Kraus, R.H.S., Mölich, T., Anders, O., Cocchiararo, B., Frosch, C., Geib, A., Götz, M., Herrmann, M., Hupe, K., Kohnen, A., Krüger, M., Müller, F., Pir, J.B., Reiners, T.E., Roch, S., Schade, U., Schiefenhövel, P., Siemund, M., Simon, O., Steeb, S., Streif, S., Streit, B., Thein, J., Tiesmeyer, A., Trinzen, M., Vogel, B. & Nowak, C. (2016). Large-scale genetic census of an elusive carnivore, the European wildcat (Felis s. silvestris). Conservation Genetics 17: 1183–1199.

de Groot, G.A., Nowak, C., Skrbinšek, T., Andersen, L., Aspi, J., Fumagalli, L., Godinho, R., Harms, V., Jansman, H.A.H., Liberg, O., Marucco, F., Mysłajek, R.W., Nowak, S., Pilot, M., Randi, E., Reinhardt, I., Śmietana, W., Szewczyk, M., Taberlet, P., Vilà, C. & Muñoz-Fuentes, V. (2016). Decades of population genetic research call for harmonization of molecular markers: the grey wolf, Canis lupus, as a case study. Mammal Review 46: 44–59.



Natarajan, C., Projecto-Garcia, J., Moriyama, H., Weber, R.E., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Green, A.J., Kopuchian, C., Tubaro, P.L., Alza, L., Bulgarella, M., Smith, M.M., Wilson, R.E., Fago, A., McCracken, K.G. & Storz, J.F. (2015). Convergent evolution of hemoglobin function in high-altitude Andean waterfowl involves limited parallelism at the molecular sequence level. PLoS Genetics 11: e1005681.

Kraus, R.H.S., vonHoldt, B., Cocchiararo, B., Harms, V., Bayerl, H., Kühn, R., Förster, D.W., Fickel, J., Roos, C. & Nowak, C. (2015). A single-nucleotide polymorphism-based approach for rapid and cost-effective genetic wolf monitoring in Europe based on non-invasively collected samples. Molecular Ecology Resources 15: 295-305.

Gottschalk, T.K. & Reiners, T.E. (2015). Forest conversion can help to mitigate impacts of climate change on common forest birds. Annals of Forest Science 72: 335-348.

Syrůčková, A., Saveljev, A.P., Frosch, C., Durka, W., Savelyev, A.A. & Munclinger, P. (2015). Genetic relationships within colonies suggest genetic monogamy in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Mammal Research 60: 139-147.

Andersen, L.W., Harms, V., Caniglia, R., Czarnomska, S.D., Fabbri, E., Jędrzejewska, B., Kluth, G., Madsen, A.B., Nowak, C., Pertoldi, C., Randi, E., Reinhardt, I. & Stronen, A.V. (2015). Long-distance dispersal of a wolf, Canis lupus, in Northwestern Europe. Mammal Research 60: 163-168.

Geismar, J., Haase, P., Nowak, C., Sauer, J. & Pauls, S.U. (2015). Local population genetic structure of the montane caddisfly Drusus discolor is driven by overland dispersal and spatial scaling. Freshwater Biology 60: 209-221.

Harms, V., Nowak, C., Carl, S. & Muñoz-Fuentes, V. (2015). Experimental evaluation of genetic predator identification from saliva traces on wildlife kills. Journal of Mammalogy 96: 138-143.



Brennan, A.C., Woodward, G., Seehausen, O., Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Moritz, C., Guelmami, A., Abbott, R.J. & Edelaar, P. (2014). Hybridization due to changing species distributions: adding problems or solutions to conservation of biodiversity during global change? Evolutionary Ecology Research 16: 475-491.

Meinig, H., Buschmann, A., Reiners, T.E., Neukirchen, M., Balzer, S. & Petermann, R. (2014). Der Status des Feldhamsters (Cricetus cricetus) in Deutschland. Natur und Landschaft 89: 338-343.

Köhler, U., Geske, C., Mammen, K., Martens, S., Reiners, T.E., Schreiber, R. & Weinhold, U. (2014). Maßnahmen zum Schutz des Feldhamsters (Cricetus cricetus) in Deutschland. Natur und Landschaft 89: 344-349.

Reiners, T.E. & Nowak, C. (2014). Nicht invasive genetische Untersuchungen des Feldhamsters und ihr Beitrag zu Erfassung, Monitoring und Populationsabgrenzung. Natur und Landschaft 89: 356-363.

Muñoz-Fuentes, V., Linde-Forsberg, C., Vilà, C. & Morrell, J.M. (2014). Single layer centrifugation separates spermatozoa from diploid cells in epididymal samples from grey wolves, Canis lupus (L.). Theriogenology 82: 773-776.

Frosch, C., Kraus, R.H.S., Angst, C., Allgöwer, R., Michaux, J., Teubner, J. & Nowak, C. (2014). The genetic legacy of multiple beaver reintroductions in Central Europe. PLoS ONE 9: e97619.

Helen, S., Ogden, R., Frosch, C., Syrůčková, A., Campbell-Palmer, R., Munclinger, P., Durka, W., Kraus, R.K.S., Saveljev, A., Nowak, C., Stubbe, A., Stubbe, M., Michaux, J., Lavrov, V., Samiya, R., Ulevicius, A. & Rosell, F. (2014). Nuclear and mitochondrial genetic structure in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) – implications for future reintroductions. Evolutionary Applications 7: 645-662.

Frosch, C., Dutsov, A., Zlatanova, D., Valchev, K., Reiners, T.E., Steyer, K., Pfenninger, M. & Nowak, C. (2014). Noninvasive genetic assessment of brown bear population structure in Bulgarian mountain regions. Mammalian Biology 79: 268-276.

Reiners, T.E., Eidenschenk, J., Neumann, K. & Nowak, C. (2014). Preservation of genetic diversity in a wild and captive population of a rapidly declining mammal, the Common hamster of the French Alsace region. Mammalian Biology 79: 240-246.

McEwing, R., Frosch, C., Rosell, F. & Campbell-Palmer, R. (2014). A DNA assay for rapid discrimination between beaver species as a tool for alien species management. European Journal of Wildlife Research 60: 547-550.

Nowak, C., Domokos, C., Dutsov, A. & Frosch, C. (2014). Molecular evidence for historic long-distance translocations of brown bears in the Balkan region. Conservation Genetics 15: 743-747.

Nowak, C., Büntjen, M., Steyer, K. & Frosch, C. (2014). Testing mitochondrial markers for noninvasive genetic species identification in European mammals. Conservation Genetics Resources 6: 41-44.

Nowak, C., Zuther, S., Leontyev, S.V. & Geismar, J. (2014). Rapid development of microsatellite markers for the critically endangered Saiga (Saiga tatarica) using Illumina® Miseq Next Generation Sequencing technology. Conservation Genetics Resources 6: 159-162.

Greminger, M.P., Stölting, K.N., Nater, A., Goossens, B., Arora, N., Bruggmann, R., Patrignani, A., Nussberger, B., Sharma, R., Kraus, R.H.S., Ambu, L.N., Singleton, I., Chikhi, L., van Schaik, C.P. & Krützen, M. (2014). Generation of SNP datasets for orangutan population genomics using improved reduced‐representation sequencing and direct comparisons of SNP calling algorithms. BMC Genomics 15: 16.



Gravendeel, B., de Groot, A., Kik, M., Beentjes, K.K., Bergman, H., Caniglia, R., Cremers, H., Fabbri, E., Groenenberg, D., Grone, A., Bruinderink, G.G., Font, L., Hakhof, J., Harms, V., Jansman, H., Janssen, R., Lammertsma, D., Laros, I., Linnartz, L., van der Marel, D., Mulder, J.L., van der Mije, S., Nieman, A.M., Nowak, C., Randi, E., Rijks, M., Speksnijder, A. & Vonhof, H.B. (2013). The first wolf found in the Netherlands in 150 years was the victim of a wildlife crime. Lutra 56: 93-109.

Kurvers, R.H.J.M., Adamczyk, V.M.A.P., Kraus, R.H.S., van Wieren, S.E., van der Jeugd, H.P., Hoffman, J.I., Amos, W., Prins, H.H.T. & Jonker, R.M. (2013). Context-dependence of familiarity and kinship in animal social networks. Animal Behaviour 86: 993-1001.

Jonker, R.M., Kraus, R.H.S., Zhang, Q., van Hooft, P., Larsson, K., van der Jeugd, H.P., Kurvers, R.H.J.M., van Wieren, S.E., Loonen, M.J.J.E., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Ydenberg, R.C., Groenen, M.A.M. & Prins, H.H.T. (2013). Genetic consequences of breaking migratory traditions in barnacle geese Branta leucopsis. Molecular Ecology 22: 5835-5847.

Pauls, S.U., Nowak, C., Balint, M. & Pfenninger, M. (2013). The impact of global climate change on genetic diversity within populations and species. Molecular Ecology 22: 925-946.

Kraus, R.H.S., van Hooft, P., Megens, H.-J., Tsvey, A., Fokin, S.Y., Ydenberg, R.C. & Prins, H.H.T. (2013). Global lack of flyway structure in a cosmopolitan bird revealed by a genome wide survey of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Molecular Ecology 22: 41-55.

Huang, Y., Li, Y.R., Burt, D.W., Chen, H., Zhang, Y., Qian, W., Kim, H., Gan, S., Zhao, Y., Li, J., Yi, K., Feng, H., Zhu, P., Li, B., Liu, Q., Fairley, S., Magor, K.E., Du, Z., Hu, X., Goodman, L., Tafer, H., Vignal, A., Lee, T., Kim, K.-W., Sheng, Z., An, Y., Searle, S., Herrero, J., Groenen, M.A.M., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Faraut, T., Cai, Q., Webster, R.G., Aldridge, J.R., Warren, W.C., Bartschat, S., Kehr, S., Marz, M., Stadler, P.F., Smith, J., Kraus, R.H.S., Zhao, Y., Ren, L., Fei, J., Morisson, M., Kaiser, P., Griffin, D.K., Rao, M., Pitel, F., Wang, J. & Li, N. (2013). The duck genome and transcriptome provide insight into an avian influenza virus reservoir species. Nature Genetics 45: 776-783.

Kutschera, V.E., Lecomte, N., Janke, A., Selva, N., Sokolov, A.A., Haun, T., Steyer, K., Nowak, C. & Hailer, F. (2013). A range-wide synthesis and timeline for phylogeographic events in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:114.

Hartmann, S.A., Steyer, K., Kraus, R.H.S., Segelbacher, G. & Nowak, C. (2013). Potential barriers to gene flow in the endangered European wildcat (Felis silvestris). Conservation Genetics 14: 413-426.

Vogt, C., Langer-Jaesrich, M., Elsässer, O., Schmitt, C., Van Dongen, S. & Nowak, C. (2013). Effects of inbreeding on mouthpart deformities of Chironomus riparius under sublethal pesticide exposure. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32: 423-425.

Steyer, K., Simon, O., Kraus, R.H.S., Haase, P. & Nowak, C. (2013). Hair trapping with valerian-treated lure sticks as a tool for genetic wildcat monitoring in low-density habitats. European Journal of Wildlife Research 59: 39-46.

Geismar, J. & Nowak, C. (2013). Isolation and characterisation of new microsatellite markers for the stonefly Brachyptera braueri comparing a traditional approach with high throughput 454 sequencing. Conservation Genetics Resources 5: 413-416.

Bidon, T., Frosch, C., EIken, H.G., Kutschera, V., Hagen, S.B., Aarnes, S.G., Faint, S.R., Janke, A. & Hailer, F. (2013). A sensitive and specific multiplex PCR approach for sex identification of ursine and tremarctine bears suitable for non-invasive samples. Molecular Ecology Resources 13: 362-368.

Nemec, S., Patel, S., Nowak, C. & Pfenninger, M. (2013). Evolutionary determinants of population differences in population growth rate x habitat temperature interactions in Chironomus riparius. Oecologia 172: 585-594.

Ernst, A., Sauer, J., Wittig, R. & Nowak, C. (2013). Local genetic structure of a montane herb among isolated grassland patches: implications for the preservation of genetic diversity under climate change. Population Ecology 55: 417-431.



Jonker, R.M., Zhang, Q., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Groenen, M.A.M., Van Hooft, P., Loonen, M.J.J.E., Van der Jeugd, H.P., Prins, H.H.T. & Kraus, R.H.S. (2012). The development of a SNP set for the Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis. PLoS ONE 7: e38412.

Bálint, M., Málnás, K., Nowak, C., Geismar, J., Váncsa, E., Polyák, L., Lengyel, S. & Haase, P. (2012). Species history masks the effects of human-induced range loss – unexpected genetic diversity in the endangered giant mayfly Palingenia longicauda. PLoS ONE 7: e31872.

Thielsch, A., Völker, E., Kraus, R.H.S. & Schwenk, K. (2012). Discrimination of hybrid classes using cross-species amplification of microsatellite loci: methodological challenges and solutions in Daphnia. Molecular Ecology Resources 12: 697-705.

Kappes, H., Katzschner, L. & Nowak, C. (2012). Urban summer heat load: meteorological data as a proxy for metropolitan biodiversity. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 21: 525-528.

Nowak, C., Vogt, C., Oehlmann, J., Pfenninger, M., Schwenk, K., Streit, B. & Oetken, M. (2012). Impact of genetic diversity and inbreeding on the life-history of Chironomus midges over consecutive generations. Chemosphere 88: 988-993.

Nemec, S., Heß, M., Nowak, C. & Pfenninger, M. (2012). Experimental evidence for niche segregation in a species pair of non-biting midges. Hydrobiologia 691: 203-212.

Kraus, R.H.S., Kerstens, H.H.D., van Hooft, P., Megens, H.-J., Elmberg, J., Tsvey, A., Sartakov, D., Soloviev, S.A., Crooijmans, R.P.M.A., Groenen, M.A.M., Ydenberg, R.C. & Prins, H.H.T. (2012). Widespread horizontal genomic exchange does not erode species barriers among sympatric ducks. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12: 45.

Müller, R., Seeland, A., Jagodzinski, L., Diogo, J., Nowak, C. & Oehlmann, J. (2012). Simulated climate change conditions unveil the toxic potential of the fungicide pyrimethanil on the midge Chironomus riparius: a multigenerational experiment. Ecology and Evolution 2: 196-210.



Balint, M., Domisch, S., Engelhardt, C.H.M., Haase, P., Lehrian, S., Sauer, J.,  Theissinger, J., Pauls, S.U. & Nowak, C. (2011). Cryptic biodiversity loss linked to global climate change. Nature Climate Change 1: 313-318.

Sauer, J., Domisch, S., Nowak, C. & Haase, P. (2011). Low mountain ranges: summit traps for montane freshwater species under climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 3133-3146.

Kraus, R.H.S., Zeddeman, A., van Hooft, P., Sartakov, D., Soloviev, S.A., Ydenberg, R. & Prins, C.H.H.T. (2011). Evolution and connectivity in the world-wide migration system of the mallard: inferences from mitochondrial DNA. BMC Genetics 12: 99. (Highly accessed)

Geismar, J., Sauer, J., Haase, P. & Nowak, C. (2011). New microsatellite markers for the assessment of fine-scale dispersal patterns in the endangered montane caddisfly Drusus discolor. Conservation Genetics Resources 3: 605-607.

Frosch, C., Haase, P. & Nowak, C. (2011). First set of microsatellite markers for genetic characterization of the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) based on tissue and hair samples. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57: 679-682.

Frosch, C., Dutsov, A., Georgiev, G. & Nowak, C. (2011). Case report of a fatal bear attack documented by forensic wildlife genetics. Forensic Science International-Genetics 5: 342-344.



 Vogt, C., Hess, M., Nowak, C., Diogo, J.B., Oehlmann, J. & Oetken, M. (2010). Effects of cadmium on life-cycle parameters in a multi-generation study with Chironomus riparius following a pre-exposure of populations to two different tributyltin concentrations for several generations. Ecotoxicology 19: 1174-1182.

Michl, T., Huck, S., Schmitt, T., Liebrich, A., Haase, P. & Büdel, B. (2010). The molecular population structure of the tall forb Cicerbita alpina (Asteraceae) supports the idea of cryptic glacial refugia in central Europe. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 164: 142-154.



Zakharov, E.V., Lobo, N.F., Nowak, C. & Hellmann, J.J. (2009).  Introgression as a likely cause of mtDNA paraphyly in two allopatric skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Heredity 102: 590-599.

Senapati, S., Mahon, A.R., Gordon, J., Nowak, C., Sengupta, S., Powell, T.H.Q., Feder, J., Lodge, D.M. & Chang, H.C. (2009). Rapid on-chip genetic detection microfluidic platform for real world applications. Biomicrofluidics 3: 022407.

Nowak, C., Vogt, C., Pfenninger, M., Schwenk, K., Oehlmann, J., Streit, B. & Oetken, M. (2009). Rapid genetic erosion in pollutant-exposed experimental chironomid populations. Environmental Pollution 157: 881-886.

Nowak, C., Brown, C.M., Hellmann, J.J. (2009). Microsatellite markers for the hybridizing tiger swallowtails, Papilio glaucus and P. canadensis, and their applicability to historic specimens and congeneric species. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 800-803.



Nowak, C., Czeikowitz, A., Vogt, C., Oetken, M., Streit, B. & Schwenk, K. (2008). Variation in sensitivity to cadmium among genetically characterized laboratory strains of the midge Chironomus riparius. Chemosphere 71: 1950-1956.

Pfenninger, M. & Nowak, C. (2008). Reproductive isolation and ecological niche partition among larvae of the morphologically cryptic sister species Chironomus riparius and C. piger. PLoS One 3: e2157.


Non peer reviewed articles

Simon, O., Lang, J., Volmer, K., Eskens, U., Steeb, S., Müller, F., Nowak, C., Steyer, K., Hupe, K. & Götz, M. (2015). Rückkehr der Wildkatzen – Rückkehr auf Samtpfoten. Pirsch 3: 24-29.

Nowak, C., Frosch, C., Harms, V., Reiners, T.E., Steyer, K., Tiesmeyer, A. & Wertheimer, J. (2014). Genetische Erfassung ausgewählter Säugetiere in Deutschland – hochsensitive DNA-Analytik im Dienste des Artenschutzes. Säugetierkundliche Informationen 48: 331.

Haase, P., Hering, D., Hoffmann, A., Müller, R., Nowak, C., Pauls, S.U., Stoll, S. & Straile, D. (2012). Auswirkungen auf limnische Lebensräume. In: Klimawandel und Biodiversität: Folgen für Deutschland. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt: 91-105.

Kraus, R.H.S., Reiners, T.E. & Nowak, C. (2012). Preface and Invitation – 86th Annual Conference of the German Society of Mammalogy (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Säugetierkunde e.V.) Frankfurt a.M., 4th–8th September 2012. Mammalian Biology 77: 1-25.

Nowak, C. (2012). Gans oder gar nicht? Zur systematischen Stellung der Nilgans (Alopochen aegyptiacus). Vogel und Umwelt 19: 81-86.

Nowak, C., Balint, M., Liebrich, A., Domisch, S., Sauer, J., Bauer, M., Früh, D., Geismar, J., Nemec, S., Wittig, R., Haase, P. & Pauls, S. (2012). Assessing the fate of montane biodiversity in Europe under Climate Change- a novel approach using species distribution modeling and population genetics. In: H Korn, K Kraus, J Stadler (Eds.) Proceedings of the European Conference on Biodiversity and Climate Change ? Science, Practice and Policy? BfN Skripten 310: 26-27.

Harms, V., Steyer, K., Frosch, C. & Nowak, C. (2011). Wolfsforschung im Molekularlabor. Natur Forschung Museum 141: 174-181.

Ansorge, H. & Nowak, C. (2011). Die Rückkehr der Wölfe. Senckenberg forscht für Wolf und Mensch. Natur Forschung Museum 141: 36-37.

Frosch, C. & Nowak, C. (2011). Genetische Erfassung des Braunbären in Bulgarien. ZGF Gorilla 2: 16-19.

Nowak, C., Balint, M. & Pauls, S. (2010). Auswirkungen der Klimaerwärmung auf die genetische Vielfalt – eine bislang unbekannte Bedrohung?. Natur und Museum 140: 252-253.

Sauer, J., Balint, M., Domisch, S., Nowak, C. & Haase, P. (2010). Modellierung klimabedingter Nischenverschiebung bei montanen aquatischen Insekten – vom Verlust genetischer Vielfalt bis zum Aussterben einer ganzen Gemeinschaft. In: Epple, C., Korn, H., Kraus, K., Stadler, J. (Eds): Biologische Vielfalt und Klimawandel. BfN-Skripten 274: 19-21.

Nowak, C. & Steyer, K. (2009). Eine haarige Spurensuche ‐ Molekulargenetische Untersuchungsmethoden im Dienste des Wildkatzenschutzes. ZGF Gorilla 2: 15‐16.