DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-2-2019-02

Title: Anisoedessa, a new genus of Edessinae (Hemiptera: Hetero­ptera: Pentatomidae) and considerations on Edessinae relationships based on cladistic analysis

Creators: Benedito Mendes Nunes, Adam M. Wallner, Jose Antonio Marin Fernandes

Accepted on March 5, 2019.
Published online at on September 17, 2019.
Published in print on September 27, 2019.

DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-2-2019-02

Published by Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung

Date (Publication Year): 2019

Resource Type (General): TEXT

Resource Type (optional): Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, Scientific Article

Description: We tested the monophyly of a new genus Anisoedessa, which includes six new species: A. proctocarinata sp.n., A. bispinosa sp.n., A. proctolabiata sp.n., A. flavomaculata sp.n., A. calodorsata sp.n. and A. ypsilonlineata sp.n. The monophyly of Anisoedessa was supported by four synapomorphies: presence of dorsoposterior ridge on the proctiger; presence of ventroposterior margin, forming a lip on the proctiger, except in A. flavomaculata; proctiger excavated latero-posteriorly, except in A. flavomaculata; and ventral metallic sheen on abdominal intersegments. Forty-eight characters were selected from 28 taxa, 22 of which form the ingroup, including Anisoedessa (6 spp.), Ascra (1 sp.), Brachystethus (1 sp.), Doesburgedessa (2 spp.), Edessa (4 spp.), Grammedessa (2 spp.), Olbia (1 sp.), Paraedessa (2 spp.), Pantochlora (1 sp.), Peromatus (1 sp.), Plagaedessa (2 spp.), and Pygoda (1 sp.); and four outgroup taxa, Neotibilis sp., Serdia, and Lopadusa spp. (2 spp.). Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using TNT. Bootstrap and Bremer support in TNT showed statistical support for the monophyly of Edessinae and Anisoedessa; indicated Edessa as polyphyletic; and some support for natural groupings of Doesburgedessa, Grammedessa, and Paraedessa, although further analysis is needed in testing the monophyly of these genera. A key, diagnoses, descriptions as well as select images and illustrations of morphological features are provided for all species of Anisoedessa, as are geographical distributions on an illustrated map.

Keywords: Pentatomoidea, taxonomy, phylogeny, Neotropics, new species, Edessa, key to species.

Citation: Nunes, B.M., Wallner, A.M., Fernandes, J.A.M. (2019). Anisoedessa, a new genus of Edessinae (Hemiptera: Hetero­ptera: Pentatomidae) and considerations on Edessinae relationships based on cladistic analysis. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, 77(2): 215-237.