Global impacts of agricultural trade and consumption on ecosystems and biodiversity
Exploring Germany’s and China’s roles as importing and consuming countries
Agriculture is one of the main drivers of current biodiversity loss, with agricultural areas covering half of all habitable land on earth. With the expected growth of the global human population and changing diets due to an expanding global middle class, demand for agricultural products is expected to further increase. More than 60% of the species currently threatened by extinction are being directly negatively affected by agricultural activity, especially in countries of the Global South. However, a significant part of the agricultural production in these areas is used to produce goods for export to and consumption in the world’s major economies, often nations in the Global North.