FF PaAn Angela Bruch
PD Dr.  Angela Bruch
Palaeobotany ROCEEH
Main research interests
  • Climate and Vegetation history
  • Quantification of vegetation parameters and terrestrial palaeoclimate
  • The regional impact of global palaeoclimatic changes
  • The influence of environmental changes on early human expansions
  • Plant food resources and their availability in different landscapes
Academic background

since February 2008 scientific researcher at Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften in research project “The role of culture in the early expansions of humans”

2011 Habilitation (Palaeontology), Faculty of Science, University of Tübingen

2006 – 2008 research assistant at Senckenberg Research Institute, Department of Palaeontology und Historical Geology, working group Climate and Environment

2005 – 2006 research assistant at the Institute of Geosciences, University of Frankfurt

1999 – 2005 research assistant at the Institute of Geosciences, University of Tübingen

1998 Dissertation in Palaeontology (Dr. rer. nat.), University of Tübingen

1991 Diploma in Geology and Palaeontology, University of Kiel

  • Shatilova, I.I., Kvavadze, E.V., Kokolashvili, I.M. & Bruch, A.A. (2018): Atlas of Pollen of the Georgian upper Cenozoic – Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi, Georgia. ISBN 978-9941-27-348-3.
  • Ghosh, R., Bruch, A.A., Portmann, F., Bera, S., Paruya, D.K., Morthekai, P. & Ali, S.N. (2017): A modern pollen–climate dataset from the Darjeeling area, eastern Himalaya: Assessing its potential for past climate reconstruction. Quaternary Science Reviews 174, 63-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.002.
  • Kandel, A.W., Gasparyan, B., Allué, E., Bigga, G., Bruch, A.A., Cullen, V.L., Frahm, E., Ghukasyan, R., Gruwier, B., Jabbour, F., Miller, C.E., Taller, A., Vardazaryan, V., Vasilyan, D. & Weissbrod, L. (2017): The earliest evidence for Upper Paleolithic occupation in the Armenian Highlands at Aghitu-3 Cave. Journal of Human Evolution (110), 37-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.05.010.
  • Kirscher, U., Oms, O., Bruch, A.A., Shatilova, I., Chochishvili, G. & Bachtadse, V. (2017): The Calabrian in the Western Transcaucasian basin (Georgia): Paleomagnetic constraints from the Gurian regional stage.
    Quaternary Science Reviews 160, 96-107. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.01.017.
  • François, L., Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T., Spicer, R.A. & Spicer, T. (2017): Reconstructing Cenozoic vegetation from proxy data and models – a NECLIME synthesis (Editorial). NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 1-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.11.043.
  • Teodoridis, V., Bruch, A.A., Kvaček, Z., Vassio, E., Martinetto, E. & Stuchlik, L. (2017): Plio-Pleistocene floras of the Vildštejn Formation in the Cheb Basin, Czech Republic – a floristic and palaeoenvironmental review. NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 166-190. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.09.038.
  • Bondarenko, O.V., Blokhina, N.I., Bruch, A.A., Francois, L. & Utescher, U. (2017):  Quantification of Calabrian Vegetation in southern Primory’e (Far East of Russia) using multiple proxies. NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 253-264. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.09.017.
  • Popova, S., Utescher, T., Gromyko, D.V., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V.(2017): Cenozoic vegetation gradients in the mid- and higher latitudes of Central Eurasia and climatic implications. NECLIME special issue Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 467, 69-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.09.016.
  • Maul, L.C., Smith, K.T., Shenbrot, G., Bruch, A.A., Barkai, R. & Gopher, A. (2016): Palaeoecological and biostratigraphical implications of the microvertebrates of Qesem Cave in Israel. Quaternary International 398, 219-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.04.032.
  • Maul, L.C., Smith, K.T., Shenbrot, G., Bruch, A.A., Wegmüller, F. & Le Tensorer, J.-M. (2015): Microvertebrates from unit G/layer 17 of the archaeological site of Hummal (El Kowm, Central Syria): Preliminary results. L’Anthropologie 119(5), 676–686.
  • Casas Gallego, M., Lassaletta, L., Barrón, E., Bruch, A.A. & Montoya, P. (2015): Vegetation and climate in the eastern Iberian Peninsula during the pre-evaporitic Messinian (latest Miocene). Palynological data from the upper Turolian of Venta del Moro (Spain). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 215, 85–99. DOI:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.01.001 Development of methods, vegetation/climate analysis
  • Kandel, A.W.Bolus, M.Bretzke, K.Bruch, A.A.Haidle, M.N.Hertler, C. & Märker, M. (2015): Increasing Behavioral Flexibility? An Integrative Macro-Scale Approach to Understanding the Middle Stone Age of Southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 23(2), 623-668. DOI: 10.1007/s10816-015-9254-y
  • Steigerwald, S., Haidle, M.N.,  Bruch, A.A. Hertler, C. (2015): Conference report: Expansions 2015, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, 13 – 17 July 2015. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Urgeschichte 24, 213-216.
  • Sharma, J., Alimohammadian, H., Bhattacharyya, A., Ranhotra, P.S., Djamali, M., Scharrer, S. & Bruch, A.A. (2014): Exploratory palynological analysis of Quaternary lacustrine deposits around Damavand volcano, Northern Iran. Geopersia 4 (1), 1-10.
  • Utescher, T., Bruch, A.A., Erdei, B., François, L., Ivanov, D., Jacques, F.M.B., Kern, A.K., Yu-Sheng (C.) Liu & Mosbrugger, V. (2014): The Coexistence Approach – theoretical background and practical considerations of using plant fossils for climate quantification. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 410, 58-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.05.031
  • Bruch, A.A.Kandel, A.W. & Lordkipanidze, D. (2014): The role of the Southern Caucasus on early human evolution and expansion – refuge, hub or source area? Antiquity 088 (339).
  • Kirscher, U., Gabrielyan, I., Scharrer, S.Bruch, A.A., Kuiper, K. & Bachtadse, V. (2014): High resolution magnetostratigraphy and radiometric dating of Early Pleistocene lake sediments from Southern Armenia. Quaternary International 328-329, 31-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2013.06.010
  • Bruch, A.A.Scharrer, S. & Gabrielyan, I. (2014): Was uns Pollenkörner über die Umwelt früher Menschen verraten können. Senckenberg – natur forschung museum 144(7/8), 256-261.
  • Hertler, C.Bruch, A.A. & Märker, M. (2014): Ecospace — der ökologische Raum von Hominiden. Senckenberg – natur forschung museum 144(7/8), 262-265.
  • Hertler, C.Bruch, A.A. & Märker, M. (2013): The earliest stages of hominid dispersal in Africa and Eurasia. In: Ness, I. & P. Bellwood (Eds.). The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. DOI:10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm802.
  • Yao, Y.-F., Bruch, A.A., Cheng, Y.-M., Mosbrugger, V., Wang, Y.-F. & Li, C.-S. (2012): Monsoon versus Uplift in Southwestern China–Late Pliocene Climate in Yuanmou Basin, Yunnan. PLoS ONE 7(5): e37760. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0037760
  • Bruch, A.A., Sievers, C. & Wadley, L. (2012): Quantification of climate and vegetation from Southern African Middle Stone Age sites – an application using Late Pleistocene plant material from Sibudu, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 47, 7-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.005.
  • Kandel, A.W., Gasparyan, B., Bruch, A.A., Weissbrod, L. & Zardaryan, D. (2012): Introducing Aghitu-3, the First Upper Paleolithic Cave Site in Armenia. Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 6(2)2011, 7-23.
  • Pinhasi, R., Gasparian, B., Wilkinson, K., Nahapetyan, S., Bar-Oz, G., Bruch, A.A., Hovsepyan, R. & Weissobrod, L. (2011): Middle Palaeolithic human occupation of high altitudes: a case study of Hovk 1 Cave, Armenia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 3846-3857.
  • Bruch, A.A., Sievers, C. & Wadley, L. (2012): Quantification of climate and vegetation from Southern African Middle Stone Age sites – an application using Late Pleistocene plant material from Sibudu, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 47, 7-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.005
  • Akgün, F. & Bruch, A.A. (2012): Preface – Neogene Terrestrial Environments and Climate Change in Eurasia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21(2), i–iii.
  • Akkiraz, M.S., Akgün, F., Utescher, T., Wilde, V., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V. (2012): Palaeoflora and climate of lignite-bearing Middle Miocene sediments in Seyitömer and Tunçbilek basins, Kütahya Province, NW Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21(2), 213-235.
  • Meng, Q., Liu, Z., Bruch, A.A., Liu, R. & Hu, F. (2012): Palaeoclimatic Evolution during Eocene and Its Influence on Oil Shale Mineralization, Fushun Basin, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 45(2), 95-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2011.09.021
  • Popova, S., Utescher, T., Gromyko, D.V., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V.(2012): Palaeoclimate evolution in the Cenozoic of Siberia – evidence from fruit and seed floras. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 21(2), 315-334.
  • Akkiraz, M.S., Akgün, F., Utescher, T., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V.(2011): Precipitation gradients during the Miocene in Western and Central Turkey as quantified from pollen data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 276-290. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.05.002
  • Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T. & Mosbrugger, V. (2011): Precipitation patterns in the Miocene of Central Europe and the development of continentality. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 202-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.10.002
  • Kern, A., Harzhauser, M., Mandic, O., Roetzel, R., Ćorić, S., Bruch, A.A. & Zuschin, M. (2011): Millennial-scale vegetation dynamics in an estuary at the onset of the Miocene Climate Optimum. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 247-261. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.07.014
  • Micheels, A., Bruch, A.A., Eronen, J., Fortelius, M., Harzhauser, M., Utescher, T. & Mosbrugger, V. (2011): Analysis of heat transport mechanisms from a Late Miocene model experiment with a fully-coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 337-350. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.09.021.
  • Pinhasi, R., Gasparian, B., Wilkinson, K., Nahapetyan, S., Bar-Oz, G., Bruch, A.A., Hovsepyan, R. & Weissobrod, L. (2011): Middle Palaeolithic human occupation of high altitudes: a case study of Hovk 1 Cave, Armenia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30(27-28), 3846-3857.DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.09.020.
  • Utescher, T., Bruch, A.A., Micheels, A., Mosbrugger, V. & Popova, S. (2011): Cenozoic climate gradients in Eurasia — a palaeo-perspective on future climate change? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 351-358. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.09.031.
  • Yao, Y.-F., Bruch, A.A.Mosbrugger, V. & Li, C.-S. (2011): Quantitative reconstruction of Miocene climate patterns and evolution in Southern China based on plant fossils. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 304, 291-307. DOI:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.04.012.
  • Haidle, M.N.Bolus, M.Bruch, A.A.Hertler, C.Kandel, A.W. & Märker, M. (2010): The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans–A New Research Center. Quaternary International 223-224, 429-430. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2009.07.011.
  • Micheels, A., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger. V. (2009): Miocene climate modelling sensitivity experiments for different CO2 concentrations. Palaeontologia Electronica 12(2), 6A.
  • Gabrielyan, I. & Bruch, A.A. (2009): The fossil Pomegranate (Punica granatum L. fossilis, Punicaceae) from Sisian suite of South Armenia (Early Pleistocene). Flora, vegetation and plant resources of Armenia 17, 81-83. [in Russian with English summary]
  • Pinhasi, R., Gasparyan, B., Wilkinson, K., Bailey, R., Bar-Oz, G., Bruch, A.A., Chataigner, C., Hoffmann, D., Hovsepyanb, R., Nahapetyan, S., Pike, A.W.G., Schreve, D. & Stephens, M. (2008): Hovk 1 and the Middle and Upper Paleolithic of Armenia: a preliminary framework. Journal of Human Evolution 55, 803–816. DOI:10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.04.005.
  • Böhme, M., Bruch, A.A. & Selmeier, A. (2007): Implications of fossil wood for the reconstruction of vegetation and climate of the Early and Middle Miocene in the North Alpine Foreland Basin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 91–114.
  • Bruch, A.A. & Zhilin, S.G. (2007): Early Miocene climate of Central Eurasia – Evidence from Aquitanian floras of Kazakhstan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 248, 32–48.
  • Bruch, A.A., Uhl, D. & Mosbrugger, V. (2007): Miocene Climate in Europe – Patterns and Evolution. – a first synthesis of NECLIME. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 1-7.
  • Erdei, B., Hably, L., Kázmér, M., Utescher, T. & Bruch, A.A. (2007): Neogene flora and vegetation development in the Pannonian Basin – relations to palaeoclimate and palaeogeography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 115-140.
  • Micheels, A., Bruch, A.A., Uhl, D., Utescher, T. & Mosbrugger, V.(2007): A Late Miocene climate model simulation with ECHAM4/ML and its quantitative validation with terrestrial proxy data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 251-270.
  • Steppuhn, A., Micheels, A., Bruch, A.A., Uhl, D. & Mosbrugger, V.(2007): The sensitivity of ECHAM4/ML to a double CO2 scenario for the Late Miocene and the comparison to terrestrial proxy data. Global and Planetary Change 57, 189–212.
  • Syabryaj, S., Molchanoff, S., Utescher, T. & Bruch, A.A. (2007): Changes of climate and vegetation during the Miocene on the territory of Ukraine. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 153–168.
  • Utescher, T., Mosbrugger, V.Bruch, A.A. & Milutinovic, D. (2007): Climate and vegetation changes in Serbia during the last 30 Ma. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 253, 141–152.
  • Akkiraz, M.S., Akgün, F., Örçen, S., Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V.(2006): Stratigraphic and Palaeoenvironmental Significance of Bartonian–Priabonian (Middle–Late Eocene) Microfossils from the Ba?çe?me Formation, Denizli Province, Western Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 15(2), 155-180.
  • Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T., Mosbrugger, V., Gabrielyan, I. & Ivanov, D.A. (2006): Late Miocene climate in the circum-Alpine realm – a quantitative analysis of terrestrial palaeofloras. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 238, 270-280.
  • Uhl, D., Bruch, A.A., Traiser, Ch. & Klotz, S. (2006): Palaeoclimate estimates for the Middle Miocene Schrotzburg flora (S-Germany) – A multi-method approach. International Journal of Earth Sciences 95, 1071–1085. DOI 10.1007/s00531-006-0083-9.
  • Bruch, A.A. (2004): The botanical and the morphological approach in Neogene palynology – a practical comparison. Acta Palaeobotanica 44(1), 87-91.
  • Bruch, A.A., Utescher, T., Alcalde Olivares, C., Dolakova, N., Ivanov, D. & Mosbrugger, V. (2004): Middle and Late Miocene spatial temperature patterns and gradients in Europe – preliminary results based on palaeobotanical climate reconstructions. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 249, 15-27.
  • Erdei, B. & Bruch, A.A. (2004): A climate analysis of Late Oligocene (Egerian) macrofloras from Hungary. Studia Botanica Hungarica 35, 5-22.
  • Bruch, A.A. & Kovar-Eder, J. (2003): Climatic evaluation of the flora from Oberdorf (Styria, Austria, Early Miocene) based on the Coexistence Approach. Phytologia Balcanica 9(2), 175-185.
  • Liang, M., Bruch, A.A., Collinson, M., Mosbrugger, V., Li, C., Sun, Q. & Hilton, J. (2003): Testing the climatic signals from different palaeobotanical methods: an example from the Middle Miocene Shanwang flora of China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 198, 279-301.
  • Uhl, D., Mosbrugger, V.Bruch, A.A. & Utescher, T. (2003): Reconstructing palaeotemperatures using leaf floras – case studies for a comparison of leaf margin analysis and the coexistence approach. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 126, 49-64.
  • Bruch, A.A. & Gabrielyan, I. (2002): Quantitative data of the Neogene Climatic Development in Armenia and Nakhichevan. Acta Universtitatis Carolinae 46(4), 41-48.
  • Bruch, A.A. & Mosbrugger, V. (2002): Palaeoclimate versus vegetation reconstruction – palynological investigations on the Oligocene sequence of the Sava Basin, Slovenia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 122(3-4), 117-141.
  • Bruch, A.A., Fauquette, S. & Bertini, A. (2002): Quantitative climate reconstructions on Miocene palynofloras of the Velona Basin (Tuscany, Italy). Acta Universtitatis Carolinae 46(4), 27-37.
  • Schmiedl, G., Scherbacher, M., Bruch, A.A., Hemleben, C., Jelen, B., Mosbrugger, V., Nebelsick, J. & Rifelj, H. (2002): Paleoenvironmental evolution of the Paratethys in the eastern Alpine region during the late Paleogene. International Journal of Earth Sciences 91, 123-132.
  • Pross, J., Bruch, A.A.Mosbrugger, V. & Kvacek, Z. (2001): Tertiary pollen and spores as a tool for quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions: the Rupelian (Oligocene) of Central Europe. Proceedings IX International Palynological Congress; Houston. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, 299-310.
  • Bruch, A.A. & Pross, J. (1999): Palynomorph extraction from coal. In: Jones, T.P., Rowe, N.P. (Eds.). Fossil Plants and Spores: Modern Techniques. Geological Society of London.
  • Bruch, A.A. (1998): Palynologische Untersuchungen im Oligozän Sloweniens – Paläo-Umwelt und Paläoklima im Ostalpenraum. Tübinger Mikropaläontologische Mitteilungen 18.
  • Pross, J., Bruch, A.A. & Kvacek, Z. (1998): Paläoklima-Rekonstruktionen für den Mittleren Rupelton (Unter-Oligozän) des Mainzer Beckens auf der Basis mikro- und makrobotanischer Befunde. Mainzer Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 27, 79-92.
  • Biebow, N., Hamich, A., Schiebel, A.A., Söding, E., Bäcker, H., Brenner, W., Thiede, J. (1993): Evidence for Accretionary Prisms in the Southeastern Part of the Caltanisetta Basin. Unesco reports in marine science 58, 31-36.

technische Assistenz


Yul Altolaguirre
PhD student ROCEEH