DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5

Title: New World geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, taxonomic updates and description of 11 new tribes

Creators: Gunnar Brehm, Leidys Murillo-Ramos, Pasi Sihvonen,  Axel Hausmann, B. Christian Schmidt, Erki Õunap, Alfred Moser, Rolf Mörtter, Daniel Bolt, Florian Bodner, Aare Lindt, Luis E. Parra, Niklas Wahlberg

Accepted on November 17, 2019.

Published online at www.senckenberg.de/arthropod-systematics on December 06, 2019.
Published in print on December 20, 2019.

DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5
PDF/A 3 MB

Published by Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung

Date (Publication Year): 2019

Resource Type (General): TEXT

Resource Type (optional): Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, Scientific Article

Description: We analysed a molecular dataset of 1206 Geometroidea terminal taxa. In this paper we focus on New World taxa, with 102 Nearctic terminal taxa (97 of which have not previously been subject to molecular phylogenetic analysis) and 398 Neotropical terminal taxa (375 not previously analysed). Up to eleven molecular markers per specimen were included: one mitochondrial (COI) and ten protein-coding nuclear gene regions (Wingless, ArgK, MDH, RpS5, GAPDH, IDH, Ca-ATPase, Nex9, EF-1alpha, CAD). The data were analysed using maximum likelihood approach as implemented in IQ-TREE and RAxML. Photographs of almost all voucher specimens are provided together with relevant type material in illustrated electronic catalogues in order to make identities and taxonomic changes transparent. Our analysis concentrates on the level of tribes and genera, many of which are shown to be para- or polyphyletic. In an effort towards a natural system of monophyletic taxa, we propose taxonomic changes: We establish 11 new tribe names (Larentiinae, authors Brehm, Murillo-Ramos & Õunap): Brabirodini new tribe, Chrismopterygini new tribe, Psaliodini new tribe, Pterocyphini new tribe, Rhinurini new tribe, Ennadini new tribe, Cophocerotini new tribe, Erebochlorini new tribe; (Ennominae, authors Brehm, Murillo-Ramos & Sihvonen): Euangeronini new tribe, Oenoptilini new tribe, Pyriniini new tribe. We assign 27 genera for the first time to a tribe, propose 29 new tribe assignments and 26 new generic combinations, we synonymize one tribe and seven genera, revive one tribe, and propose to exclude 119 species from non-monophyletic genera (incertae sedis). Our study provides the data and foundation for numerous future taxonomic revisions of New World geometrid moths. We also examine broad-scale biogeographic patterns of New World Geometridae: While Nearctic species are often nested within the predominantly Neotropical clades, the austral South American fauna forms distinct clades, hinting at a long isolation from the remaining New World fauna.

Keywords: Geometridae, new tribes, molecular phylogeny, paraphyly, polyphyly, systematics.

Electronic Supplement Files:
File 1:
brehm&al-geometridaenewworld-asp2019-electronicsupplement-1.pdf
DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5/1
File 2: brehm&al-geometridaenewworld-asp2019-electronicsupplement-2.pdf
DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5/2
File 3: brehm&al-geometridaenewworld-asp2019-electronicsupplement-3.pdf
DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5/3
File 4:
brehm&al-geometridaenewworld-asp2019-electronicsupplement-4.pdf
DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5/4
File 5: brehm&al-geometridaenewworld-asp2019-electronicsupplement-5.pdf
DOI: 10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5/5

Citation: Brehm, G., Murillo-Ramos, L., Sihvonen, P., Hausmann, A., Schmidt, B.C., Õunap, E., Moser, A., Mörtter, R., Bolt, D. Bodner, F., Lindt, A., Parra, L.E., Wahlberg, N. (2019). New World geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, taxonomic updates and description of 11 new tribes. Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny, 77(3): 457-486. https://doi.org/10.26049/ASP77-3-2019-5