1. Research History

  • Pre-1950s: preliminary research and surveys of grassland vegetation and plant species conducted mostly by Russians, Japanese and Western Europeans
  • 1950–1975: large-scale exploration and surveys of vegetation, soils and topography as part of the natural resource inventory programs conducted by various regional and national institutions mainly led by the Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 1976–1995: establishment of field stations for long-term ecological monitoring and studies of ecosystem processes
  • 1996–present: comprehensive studies of community dynamics and ecosystem function, integrating multi-scale and multidisciplinary approaches and experimental manipulations, with a scientific focus more towards issues concerning ecosystem stability and management, biodiversity and global change.

2. Research networks

3. Research stations